The 1912 streets of Spitalfields

The fascinating story of one man’s random walk in 1912

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Article · Spitalfields · E1 ·
JANUARY
7
2022

The fascinating story of one man’s random walk in 1912

On Saturday 20 April 1912, a man by the name of C.A. Mathew - a resident of Brightlingsea, Essex - came out of Liverpool Street Station carrying his camera. There’s no telling why he decided to walk the streets of Spitalfields and take photographs on that day - it may well have been a commission but, over a hundred years later, nobody really knows.

NOTE: Many writers about C.A. Mathew’s tour of Spitalfields, including the gentle author



, have assumed Liverpool Street station’s involvement in the story. This is a safe assumption - the London terminus of the route from Brightlingsea but is not a definite! But we’ll run with it too...


Matthew only took up photography in 1911, the previous year. Eleven years later, he died. He produced no other known work and little else is known about him.

Certainly, these beautiful photographs are one of the most evocative views of the London world of 1912. Mathew had a different approach to photography - other contemporary photographers preferred staged photos which meant that subjects never took a true interest in the camera. Mathew’s pictures have spontaneity and allow us to look at those depicted as if we were there in the street.

April 1912 had been a very dry, rather cold but extremely sunny month in London. The Titanic had sunk days before, shocking the world.

On that April 20th, across busy Bishopsgate lay Spitalfields, then a strongly Jewish neighbourhood.

C.A. Mathew crossed the road. It was the Sabbath yet the Spitalfields streets were full of people, especially children. Mathew meandered along a seemingly random route, stopping mainly at junctions to take photographs. As he did, he attracted the attention of the locals who appear en masse throughout the photos - people were simply not used to cameras in those far off days and gathered around.

It is wonderful to see so many children playing in the street - unimaginable now in Spitalfields. The people are well-dressed on the whole. They do not look as poor as we might imagine from this remove in time - nearly all the kids are wearing shoes. And they are comfortable in their lives lived on the streets.

The old streets are fascinating - some are unrecognisable, while others are familiar.

If you wish to take a look at the original photographs, they ended up in the possession of the Bishopsgate Institute where they can still be seen.

Note: All photographs below attributed "C.A. Mathew/Bishopsgate Institute". All benefit from clicking on each to view them in detail.





Devonshire Square looking south over the Inner Circle Railway
(click image to enlarge)

Assuming a start and a finish at Liverpool Street station for Mathew's walk, there are only two photographs taken in the south of the area and the first is the most boring of the whole set. This maybe is because Mr Mathew was testing his camera.

Attempting to recreate the walk in the order that he made it, we have made simply an educated guess. Alas he did not number his photos (apart from no.92 - Middlesex Street)  so we cannot find out for sure.

However, to get to Devonshire Square is simply a crossing of Bishopsgate from Liverpool Street and straight down the first street - Devonshire Row (then called Devonshire Street).

Rather confusingly there are, in the 21st century, two Devonshire Squares. The original still has the railway running underneath it. The second - not so far away - is pretty windswept and part of a modern development.

Cutler Street is a turning off of Houndsditch but for Methew, a simple walk along an alleyway from Devonshire Square. The alleyway has its own name - Boner's Passage. A bit rude for modern tastes.





View south along Cutler Street (White Street) towards Aldgate station down Back Gravel Lane. The brick structure encloses the Circle Line tracks
(click image to enlarge)

This point in Cutler Street is the farthest south that Mr Mathew ventured. We assume Devonshire Square (camera test) and then Cutler Street. This is truly a photo which rewards clicking on it to see more detail - look at the posters!

This photo has the longest caption in the set, labelled "Viewing south towards Aldgate Station, showing space occupied by the Inner Circle Railway, taken from Cutler St. at the corner of Harrow Alley, looking down Back Gravel Lane".

The residents are mildly interested in the camera but we haven't yet reached the section where children come to the fore.

This section of Cutler Street has only recently spring into existence. It was called White Street for a good couple of century until the name was suppressed and Culter Street took over.

Mathew is taking photos in these two here of the marvel that was the Metropolitan Railway/Inner Circle. From now on, he loses interest.





Middlesex Street with Sandy’s Row to the right
(click image to enlarge)

Just up Harrow Alley (Harrow Place) from the previous photo is the next location - where Middlesex Street becomes Sandy's Row. The northern section of Middlesex Street had only been renamed as such in the previous decade - Sandy's Row once began at the junction of Harrow Place but by 1912, further north.





The corner of Sandys Row and Frying Pan Alley
(click image to enlarge)

Mathew had been left alone thus far but from here on, the local children are becoming curious at this stranger and his weird contraption. In 2022, there's a culture shift whereby the Instagrammer can be self-obsessed but strangers leave a photographer alone, not getting involved. In 1912, people want to be in the shot.







Frying Pan Alley
(click image to enlarge)





Widegate Street looking towards Artillery Passage
(click image to enlarge)

We think that Mathew briefly turned left into Widegate Street for this image before returning to Sandy's Row, crossing it and proceeding down Artillery Passage to the next location.







Looking down Artillery Lane towards Artillery Passage. If you enlarge the photo, the poster in the newsagent window notes the sinking of the Titanic.
(click image to enlarge)

Once of the more amazing photos of the set.

There is a lot of detail but very interestingly we can see a newsagent dead ahead here. A poster in the window talks of the Titanic tragedy, news of which had only come through that very week.

Click on the photo to enlarge it.

The details on the shopfronts are also quite fascinating, And why simply one adult in the scene?







Bell Lane looking towards Crispin Street
(click image to enlarge)

Just some tens of yards further and we reach the top of Bell Lane. There's a bit of activity in tis scene including a horse behind the kids in the street. Mathew will next walk up Crispin Street...



[caption id="" align="alignright" width="600"]



Crispin Street at the corner of Duval Street (click image to enlarge)

The original is labelled Duval Street but the corner with the pub (the Horn of Plenty) is that of Dorset Street which just then was changing its name. The photo was taken from outside the Convent of Mercy looking north-east. The Horn of Plenty was demolished in 1928 to make way for additions to Spitalfields Market.

Duval Street  will also disappear from the map in due course.



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At the junction of Seward Street and Artillery Lane. The buildings in front had been demolished in 1907. (click image to enlarge)

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Sandy’s Row looking south from Artillery Lane (click image to enlarge)

[caption id="" align="alignnone" width="893"] Wheler Street (click image to enlarge)

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Spital Square showing posts at the eastern end and Spitalfields Market in the distance (click image to enlarge)

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This north-facing view of Norton Folgate shows the recent road widening at this point (click image to enlarge)

Let photo forensics run wild at this point. Mathew may have walked up to White Lion Street (now called Folgate Street) from Spital Square. Then along White Lion Street/Folgate Street up to the main road - Norton Folgate. He briefly turns left. Why assume this? Because he's on the eastern - Spitalfields - side of the main road. We takes the shot and turns north, crossing the main road at some point since in the remaining shots he's on the western - station - side of the main road and probably walking south back towards the station.

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White Lion Street (now Folgate Street), photographed from Norton Folgate (click image to enlarge)

We are now on the other side of the road and starting a journey south.

[caption id="" align="alignnone" width="1340"]



North end of Bishopsgate and Norton Folgate, showing the Primrose pub and the entrance to Spital Square on the right (click image to enlarge)

This shot and the next photo - are roughly taken from the same location. This one is looking north.

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Spital Square as viewed from Bishopsgate (click image to enlarge)

This photo and the remaining photos east along each street from Bishopgate in turn.

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Brushfield Street as viewed from Bishopsgate (click image to enlarge)

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Artillery Lane as viewed from Bishopsgate (click image to enlarge)

 [caption id="" align="alignnone" width="1263"]



Middlesex Street seen from Bishopsgate (1912) (click image to enlarge)






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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

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Graham O’Connell   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 10:24 GMT   

Lloyd & Sons, Tin Box Manufacturers (1859 - 1982)
A Lloyd & Sons occupied the wharf (now known as Lloyds Wharf, Mill Street) from the mid 19th Century to the late 20th Century. Best known for making tin boxes they also produced a range of things from petrol canisters to collecting tins. They won a notorious libel case in 1915 when a local councillor criticised the working conditions which, in fairness, weren’t great. There was a major fire here in 1929 but the company survived at least until 1982 and probably a year or two after that.

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Marion James   
Added: 12 Mar 2021 17:43 GMT   

26 Edith Street Haggerston
On Monday 11th October 1880 Charlotte Alice Haynes was born at 26 Edith Street Haggerston the home address of her parents her father Francis Haynes a Gilder by trade and her mother Charlotte Alice Haynes and her two older siblings Francis & George who all welcomed the new born baby girl into the world as they lived in part of the small Victorian terraced house which was shared by another family had an outlook view onto the world of the Imperial Gas Works site - a very grey drab reality of the life they were living as an East End working class family - 26 Edith Street no longer stands in 2021 - the small rundown polluted terrace houses of Edith Street are long since gone along with the Gas Companies buildings to be replaced with green open parkland that is popular in 21st century by the trendy residents of today - Charlotte Alice Haynes (1880-1973) is the wife of my Great Grand Uncle Henry Pickett (1878-1930) As I research my family history I slowly begin to understand the life my descendants had to live and the hardships that they went through to survive - London is my home and there are many areas of this great city I find many of my descendants living working and dying in - I am yet to find the golden chalice! But in all truthfulness my family history is so much more than hobby its an understanding of who I am as I gather their stories. Did Charlotte Alice Pickett nee Haynes go on to live a wonderful life - no I do not think so as she became a widow in 1930 worked in a canteen and never remarried living her life in and around Haggerston & Hackney until her death in 1973 with her final resting place at Manor Park Cemetery - I think Charlotte most likely excepted her lot in life like many women from her day, having been born in the Victorian era where the woman had less choice and standing in society, which is a sad state of affairs - So I will endeavour to write about Charlotte and the many other women in my family history to give them the voice of a life they so richly deserve to be recorded !

Edith Street was well situated for the new public transport of two railway stations in 1880 :- Haggerston Railway Station opened in 1867 & Cambridge Heath Railway Station opened in 1872


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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

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Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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Comment
   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

correction
Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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Lived here
Linda    
Added: 18 Feb 2021 22:03 GMT   

Pereira Street, E1
My grandfather Charles Suett lived in Periera Street & married a widowed neighbour there. They later moved to 33 Bullen House, Collingwood Street where my father was born.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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Alison   
Added: 26 Jun 2022 18:20 GMT   

On the dole in north London
When I worked at the dole office in Medina Road in the 1980s, "Archway" meant the social security offices which were in Archway Tower at the top of the Holloway Road. By all accounts it was a nightmare location for staff and claimants alike. This was when Margaret Thatcher’s government forced unemployment to rise to over 3 million (to keep wages down) and computerised records where still a thing of the future. Our job went from ensuring that unemployed people got the right sort and amount of benefits at the right time, to stopping as many people as possible from getting any sort of benefit at all. Britain changed irrevocably during this period and has never really recovered. We lost the "all in it together" frame of mind that had been born during the second world war and became the dog-eat-dog society where 1% have 95% of the wealth and many people can’t afford to feed their children. For me, the word Archway symbolises the land of lost content.

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Jack Wilson   
Added: 21 Jun 2022 21:40 GMT   

Penfold Printers
I am seeking the location of Penfold Printers Offices in Dt Albans place - probably about 1870 or so

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Lived here
   
Added: 19 Jun 2022 16:58 GMT   

Runcorn Place, W11
Runcorn place

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Comment
   
Added: 30 May 2022 19:03 GMT   

The Three Magpies
Row of houses (centre) was on Heathrow Rd....Ben’s Cafe shack ( foreground ) and the Three Magpies pub (far right) were on the Bath Rd

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Watts   
Added: 17 May 2022 20:29 GMT   

Baeethoven St School, also an Annex for Paddington College of FE.
In the early 70’s I took a two year science course at Paddington CFE. The science classes were held on weekday evenings at Beethoven Street school, overseen by chemistry teacher, Mr Tattershall.

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Added: 25 Apr 2022 22:11 GMT   

Southover, N12
Everyone knows Central Woodside is the place to be. Ever since kdog moved from finchtown, Woodside has been thriving.

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Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

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Brian Lynch   
Added: 10 Apr 2022 13:38 GMT   

Staples Mattress Factory
An architect’s design of the Staples Mattress Factory
An image found on the website of Dalzell’s Beds, in Armagh Northern Ireland.

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
190 Bishopsgate A 1912 view of the City.
29 Aldgate High Street 29 Aldgate High Street is a demolished property, originally on the north side of Aldgate High Street..
46 Aldgate High Street This Grade II Listed office building is one of the few timber-framed buildings in the City that predates the Great Fire of 1666.
Aldgate Aldgate was one of the massive gates which defended the City from Roman times until 1760.
Aldgate bus station Aldgate Bus Station serves the Aldgate area of the City of London.
Aldgate Holy Trinity Priory The Holy Trinity Priory, also known as Christchurch Aldgate, was a priory of Austin canons (Black Canons) founded around 1108 by Queen Matilda of England.
Aldgate Pump Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump, located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street.
Altab Ali Park Altab Ali Park is a small park on Adler Street, White Church Lane and Whitechapel Road.
Bevis Marks Synagogue Bevis Marks Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom.
Boar’s Head Theatre The Boar’s Head Theatre was an inn-yard theatre in the Whitechapel area.
Goodman’s Fields Theatre Two 18th century theatres bearing the name Goodman’s Fields Theatre were located on Alie Street, Whitechapel.
Great Synagogue of London The Great Synagogue of London was, for centuries, the centre of Ashkenazi synagogue and Jewish life in London. It was destroyed during World War II, in the Blitz.
London Metal Exchange The London Metal Exchange (LME) is the futures exchange with the world’s largest market in options and futures contracts on base and other metals.
Petticoat Lane Market Petticoat Lane Market is a fashion and clothing market in the East End.
Portsoken Portsoken is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an alderman to the Court of Aldermen and commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) elected to the Court of Common Council of the City of London Corporation.
St Augustine Papey St Augustine Papey was a mediaeval church in the City of London situated just south of London Wall.
St Botolph’s St. Botolph’s without Aldgate, located on Aldgate High Street, has existed for over a thousand years.
St George’s German Lutheran Church St George’s German Lutheran Church is a church in Alie Street, Whitechapel.
St James Duke’s Place St James Duke’s Place was an Anglican parish church in the Aldgate ward of the City of London.
St Katharine Cree St Katharine Cree is a Church of England church on the north side of Leadenhall Street near Leadenhall Market.
St Mary Matfelon St Mary Matfelon church was popularly known as St Mary’s, Whitechapel.
The 1912 streets of Spitalfields The fascinating story of one man’s random walk in 1912
Toynbee Hall Toynbee Hall is a building which is the home of a charity of the same name.
Wentworth Street Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.
Whitechapel Gallery The Whitechapel Gallery is a public art gallery in Aldgate.

NEARBY STREETS
Acorn Street, EC2M Acorn Street, Bishopsgate, was named from an old tavern sign.
Adler Street, E1 Adler Street runs between the Whitechapel Road and the Commercial Road.
Aldgate High Street, EC3N Once the route to one of the six original gates of the Wall of London, Aldgate High Street has an important place in medieval London’s history.
Aldgate House, EC3N Aldgate House is a building adjacent to Aldgate station.
Aldgate Square, EC3N Aldgate Square is a location in London.
Aldgate, EC3N Aldgate was the easternmost gateway through the London Wall leading from the City of London to Whitechapel and the East End.
Alie Street, E1 Originally called Ayliff Street, Alie Street was named after a relative of William Leman, whose great-uncle, John Leman had bought Goodman’s Fields.
Angel Alley, E1 Angel Alley was a narrow passage which ran north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street..
Arcadia Court, E1 Arcadia Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Artillery Lane, E1 The name Artillery Lane remembers the skills of the operators of the longbow.
Artillery Passage, E1 Artillery Passage dates from its time as part of The Old Artillery Ground.
Artizan Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Assam Street, E1 Assam Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Back Church Lane, E1 Back Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bell Lane, E1 Bell Lane has late C16/early C17 origins, dividing the Halifax estate from the nearby tenter ground.
Bevis Marks, EC3A Bevis Marks is a short street in the ward of Aldgate in the City of London.
Bishopgate, EC2M Bishopgate is location of London.
Bishops Square, E1 Bishops Square resulted from a 2005 project to regenerate Spitalfields Market.
Bishopsgate Arcade, EC2M Bishopsgate Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Bishopsgate, EC2M Bishopsgate was originally the entry point for travellers coming from the north east into London.
Black Lion Yard, E1 Black Lion Yard was a narrow thoroughfare running north-south from Old Montague Street (where it was accessible via a set of steps) to Whitechapel Road.
Braham Street, E1 Braham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Brick Lane, E1 Brick Lane runs north from the junction of Osborn Street, Old Montague Street and Wentworth Street, through Spitalfields to Bethnal Green Road.
Brody House, E1 Brody House is a block on Strype Street
Browns Lane, E1 Browns Lane is marked on the 1862 Stanford map.
Brune House, E1 Brune House is a block on Toynbee Street
Brune Street, E1 Brune Street was laid out between 1810 and 1824 but redeveloped in the early 20th century.
Brushfield Street, E1 Brushfield Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Commercial Street to Bishopsgate.
Buckle Street, E1 Buckle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bury Street, EC3A Bury Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Camomile Street, EC3A Camomile Street is a short street in the City of London
Camperdown Street, E1 Camperdown Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Canter Way, E1 Canter Way is a location in London.
Carillon Court, E1 Carillon Court can be found on Greatorex Street
Casson Street, E1 Casson Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Catherine Wheel Alley, EC2M Catherine Wheel Alley is an old alleyway here.
Cavendish Court, EC3A Cavendish Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Celia Blairman House, E1 Residential block
Central House, E1 Residential block
Chaucer Gardens, E1 Chaucer Gardens is a location in London.
Chicksand Street, E1 Chicksand Street runs east from Brick Lane.
Circle Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Clothier Street, EC3A A street within the E1, postcode
Cobb Street, E1 Cobb Street was laid out in 1899-1904 by Sir Algernon Osborn.
College East, E1 College East is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Commercial Street, E1 Commercial Street is a major thoroughfare running north-south from Shoreditch High Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Coney Way, E1 Coney Way is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Coppergate House, E1 Residential block
Corbet Place, E1 Corbet Place - an L-shaped street, onto which back several large industrial buildings of the early/mid-twentieth century.
Coverley Close, E1 Coverley Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Creechurch Lane, EC3A Creechurch Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Crinoline Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Crispin Place, E1 Crispin Place is the result of a regeneration programme within Spitalfields Market.
Crispin Street, E1 Crispin Street was developed in the late 17th century as part of the Wheler estate.
Cutler Street, EC3A Cutler Street runs north off Houndsditch.
Davenant Street, E1 Davenant Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Deal Street, E1 Deal Street dates from the mid 1840s.
Denning Point 33 Commercial Street, E1 A block within the E1 postcode
Devonshire Row, EC3A Devonshire Row leads off Bishopsgate.
Devonshire Square, E1 Devonshire Square lies at the end of Devonshire Row.
Dorset Street, E1 Dorset Street was a small thoroughfare running east-west from Crispin Street to Commercial Street.
Dowson Place, E1 Dowson Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Dukes Place, EC3A Duke’s Place was formerly called Duke Street.
Duval Square, E1 Duval Square is a location in London.
East Street, E1 East Street was one of the entrances into Spitalfields Market.
Education Square, E1 Education Square is a location in London.
Ely Place, E1 Ely Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Enterprise House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Exchange Arcade, EC2A Exchange Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Exchange Square, EC2A Exchange Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Fairclough Street, E1 Fairclough Street runs from Back Church Lane to Christian Street.
Fashion Street, E1 Fashion Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Brick Lane to Commercial Street.
Flower and Dean Street, E1 Flower and Dean Street was a narrow street running east-west from Commercial Street to Brick Lane.
Flower and Dean Walk, E1 Flower and Dean Walk is a street of social housing created in the 1980s.
Folgate Street, E1 Folgate Street, formerly White Lion Yard and White Lion Street, has 17th century origins.
Fort Street, E1 There was originally a second Fort Street - besides the renamed Duke Street.
Fort Street, E1 Fort Street was formerly Duke Street.
Fournier Street, E1 Fournier Street is a street running east-west from Brick Lane to Commercial Street alongside Christ Church.
Frostic Walk, E1 Frostic Walk leads from Chicksand Street to Old Montague Street.
Frying Pan Alley, E1 Frying Pan Alley is situated close to Middlesex Street and its Petticoat Lane market.
George Street, E1 George Street was a street running north-south from Flower and Dean Street to Wentworth Street, crossing Thrawl Street approx. half way along its length..
Goodman Stile, E1 Goodman Stile is a location in London.
Goring Street, EC3A Goring Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Goulston Street, E1 Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Gower’s Walk, E1 Gower’s Walk leads south from Commercial Road.
Gravel Lane, E1 Gravel Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Greatorex Street, E1 Greatorex Street was formerly called High Street.
Green Dragon Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Greenfield Road, E1 Greenfield Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Gun Street, E1 Gun Street was part of the Old Artillery Ground - land formerly designated one of the Liberties of the Tower of London.
Gun Yard, E1 Gun Yard ran west out of Norton Folgate.
Gunthorpe Street, E1 Gunthorpe Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hanbury Hall, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hanbury Street, E1 Hanbury Street is a long road running west-east from Commercial Street to Vallance Road.
Harrow Place, E1 Harrow Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Heneage Lane, EC3A Heneage Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Heneage Street, E1 Heneage Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Henriques Street, E1 Henriques Street was formerly called Berner Street.
Hobsons Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hopetown Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Horner Buildings, E1 The Horner Buildings are a vestige of the Victorian construction of Old Spitalfields Market.
Horner Square, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Houndsditch, EC3A Houndsditch runs through the Portsoken and Bishopsgate Without wards of the City of London - areas traditionally considered part of the East End.
Hunton Street, E1 Hunton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Irongate House, EC3A Residential block
John Sessions Square, E1 John Sessions Square lies off of Alie Street.
Kent and Essex Yard, E1 Kent and Essex Yard ran north of Whitechapel High Street, close to the west side of Commercial Street.
Kings Arms Court, E1 Kings Arms Court lies off Old Montague Street.
Lamb Street, E1 Lamb Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Leadenhall Street, EC3A A street within the EC3A postcode
Leman Street, E1 Leman Street was named after Sir John Leman.
Leyden Street, E1 Leyden Street was laid out in 1899-1904 by Sir Algernon Osborn.
Little Paternoster Row, E1 Little Paternoster Row was once known as French Alley.
Little Somerset Street, E1 Little Somerset Street was originally called Harrow Alley but colloquially known as ’Blood Alley.’
Lolesworth Close, E1 Lolesworth Close is a short cul-de-sac on the east side of Commercial Street which was originally the western extremity of Flower and Dean Street.
London Fruit Exchange, E1 London Fruit Exchange is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Luntley Place, E1 Luntley Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Manningtree Street, E1 Manningtree Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Market Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Middlesex Street, E1 Middlesex Street is home to the Petticoat Lane Market.
Middlesex Street, EC3A Middlesex Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Minsters Pavement, EC3A Minsters Pavement is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Mitali Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mitre Avenue, EC3A Mitre Avenue is one of the streets of London in the E17 postal area.
Mitre Square, EC3A Mitre Square is a small square in the City of London.
Mitre Street, EC3A Mitre Street connects Creechurch Lane with the Aldgate.
Monmouth House, E1 Residential block
Monthope Road, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Moss Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mulberry Street, E1 Mulberry Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Nantes Passage, E1 Nantes Passage (also Church Passage) was built for Huguenot weavers.
Nathaniel Close, E1 Nathaniel Close consists of houses and flats built in the early 1980s.
New Drum Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
New Goulston Street, E1 New Goulston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
North Street, E1 North Street was one of the named entrance streets into Old Spitalfields Market.
Norton Folgate, E1 Norton Folgate links Bishopsgate and Shoreditch High Street.
Odeon Court, E1 Odeon Court is on Chicksand Street.
Old Castle Street, E1 Old Castle Street runs north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street, the southern section of which incorporates the former Castle Alley, murder site of Ripper victim Alice McKenzie.
Old Montague Street, E1 Old Montague Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Baker’s Row (now Vallance Road) to Brick Lane.
Osborn Place, E1 Osborn Place appears on maps between 1800 and 1900.
Osborn Street, E1 Osborn Street is a short road leading from Whitechapel Road to the crossroads with Brick Lane, Wentworth Street and Old Montague Street.
Parliament Court, E1 Parliament Court was laid out in the 1680s as part of the development of the Old Artillery Ground.
Paxton House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Pecks Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Petticoat Square, E1 A street within the postcode
Petticoat Tower, E1 Petticoat Tower is a block on Middlesex Street
Piazza Walk, E1 Piazza Walk is a location in London.
Plumbers Row, E1 Plumbers Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pomell Way, E1 Pomell Way is a road in the E1 postcode area
Primrose Street, EC2A Primrose Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Princelet Street, E1 Princelet Street started its life as Princes Street.
Puma Court, E1 Puma Court was formerly known as Red Lion Court.
Resolution Plaza, E1 Resolution Plaza is a location in London.
Riga Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Rose Court, E1 Rose Court runs off Widegate Street.
Rupert Street, E1 Rupert Street was situated to the east of Leman Street.
Sandy’s Row, E1 Sandy’s Row runs along the City of London boundary.
Sandy’s Street, EC2M Sandy’s Street disappeared when Middlesex Street was extended in the 1890s.
Saracen’s Head Yard, EC3N Saracen’s Head Yard was to the south of Aldgate.
Seven Stars Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
South Street, E1 South Street provided access from Brushfield Street into Spitalfields Market.
Spellman Street, E1 Spellman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spelman House, E1 Spelman House is a residential block in Whitechapel.
Spelman Street, E1 Spelman Street was formerly John Street and built up in the 19th century.
Spital Square, E1 Spital Square was started in 1733.
Spital Street, E1 Spital Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Spital Yard, E1 Spital Yard is a mews of 17th century origins, serving the backs of houses on Norton Folgate and Spital Square.
Spring Walk, E1 Spring Walk is a road in the E1 postcode area
St Botolph Street, EC3A St Botolph Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
St James’s Passage, EC3A St James’s Passage was formerly known as Church Passage.
St James’s Place, EC3A St James’s Place was an open square, formerly Broad Court, which held a daily market that sold fruits of various kinds.
St Mary Axe, EC3A St Mary Axe is an ancient street of the City of London.
St. John’s Drive, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
St. Mary’s Grove, EC3A Jeffrey’s Square disappeared under the St Mary Axe development.
Staple Hall, EC3A Staple Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Steward Street, E1 Steward Street ran further north originally that it does now.
Stone House Court, EC3A Stone House Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Stoney Lane, EC3A Stoney Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Stothard Place, E1 Stothard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Strype Street, E1 John Strype, who became an antiquary, historian and parson was the son of a Huguenot weaver and born near here in 1643.
Technology Centre, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Tenter Ground, E1 Tenter Ground is one of the notable streetnames of Spitalfields.
The Arcade, EC2A The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
The Community Centre, E1 The Community Centre is a location in London.
Thrawl Street, E1 Originally built by Henry Thrall around 1656, Thrawl Street ran east-west from Brick Lane across a former tenter field owned by the Fossan brothers, Thomas and Lewis.
Toynbee Street, E1 Toynbee Street, formerly Shepherd Street, was laid out in 1810-24 and redeveloped in 1927-36 as part of the London County Council’s Holland estate.
Twyne House 3 Boyd Street, E1 Twyne House 3 Boyd Street is a location in London.
Tyne Street, E1 Tyne Street is a location in London.
Victoria Avenue, E1 This is a street in the EC2M postcode area
Wentworth Street, E1 Wentworth Street runs east-west from the junction of Brick Lane, Osborn Street and Old Montague Street to Middlesex Street, forming part of the boundary between Spitalfields and St Mary’s Whitechapel.
White Church Lane, E1 White Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Church Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
White Kennett Street, EC3A White Kennett Street was named after a Bishop of Peterborough.
Whitechapel High Street, E1 Whitechapel High Street runs approximately west-east from Aldgate High Street to Whitechapel Road and is designated as part of the A11.
Whitechapel Market, E1 Whitechapel Market is a road in the E1 postcode area
Whitechapel Technology Centre, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Whites Row, E1 White’s Row is a narrow thoroughfare running east-west from Commercial Street to Crispin Street.
Whittington Avenue, EC3A Whittington Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Widegate Street, E1 Widegate Street is now a short street connecting Middlesex Street and Sandy’s Row.
Wilkes Street, E1 Wilkes Street is a street of early eighteenth century houses, some of which were refronted in the early nineteenth century.
Windsor Street, EC2M Windsor Street was formerly a named street of the area.
Woodseer Street, E1 Woodseer Street was formerly known as Pelham Street and part of the Halifax Estate.
Wrestlers Court, EC3A Wrestlers Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.

NEARBY PUBS
All Bar One Bishopsgate This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
All Bar One Houndsditch This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Astronomer This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Balls Brothers Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
City Sports Pub and Grill This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Craft Beer Co This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Devonshire Terrace This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Dirty Dick’s Established in 1745 as The Old Jerusalem, the drinking house took the name of Dirty Dick’s in 1814.
Dirty Martini Dirty Martini is a pub near Liverpool Street station.
Duke of Somerset This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Jamies This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Kings Stores This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Pause This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Pride of Spitalfields Pride of Spitalfields stands on Heneage Street.
Still and Star The Still & Star was on Little Somerset Street near to Aldgate High Street.
Swingers This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Tapster This is a bar in Liverpool Street station.
Ten Bells The Ten Bells has existed in various guises since the middle of the 18th century.
The Alice This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bell The Bell is on the non-City of London side of Middlesex Street.
The Breakfast Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bull The Bull dates back to the 17th century and stands on Devonshire Row.
The Culpeper The Culpeper used to be called the Princess Alice.
The Drift This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hoop & Grapes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Magpie This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Primrose The Primrose was a pub on the corner of Norton Folgate and Primrose Street.
The Sterling This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Woodins Shades This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Three Tuns This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
We Are Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White Horse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Spitalfields

Spitalfields is near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane.

The area straddles Commercial Street and is home to several markets, including the historic Old Spitalfields Market, and various Brick Lane Markets on Brick Lane and Cheshire Street. Petticoat Lane Market lies on the area’s south-western boundaries.

The name Spitalfields appears in the form Spittellond in 1399; as The spitel Fyeld on the 16th-century Civitas Londinium map associated with Ralph Agas. The land belonged to St Mary Spital, a priory or hospital erected on the east side of the Bishopsgate thoroughfare in 1197, and the name is thought to derive from this. An alternative, and possibly earlier, name for the area was Lolsworth.

After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Spitalfields was inhabited by prosperous French Huguenot silk weavers. In the early 19th century their descendants were reduced to a deplorable condition due to the competition of the Manchester textile factories and the area began to deteriorate into crime-infested slums. The spacious and handsome Huguenot houses were divided up into tiny dwellings which were rented by poor families of labourers, who sought employment in the nearby docks.

In the 19th century the area attracted Jewish immigrants and the 20th, the Bengali community.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Byward Tower, 1893
TUM image id: 1556882285
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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The Great Synagogue of London (1810)
Credit: Thomas Rowlandson (1756â
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Boar’s Head was located on the north side of Whitechapel High Street. The Boar’s Head was originally an inn, which was built in the 1530s; it underwent two renovations for use as a playhouse: first, in 1598, when a simple stage was erected, and a second, more elaborate renovation in 1599.
Credit: Unknown
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The Aldgate Pump (1874) Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street. The pump is notable for its long, and sometimes dark history, as well as its cultural significance as a symbolic start point of the East End of London. The term "East of Aldgate Pump" is used as a synonym for the East End or for East London as a whole.
Credit: Wellcome Images
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Bevis Marks Synagogue
Credit: John Salmon
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Exterior of St Katherine Cree, City of London
Credit: Prioryman
Licence: CC BY 2.0


St James Duke
Credit: Robert William Billings and John Le Keux
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Third Goodmans Fields Theatre, Great Alie Street (1801)
Credit: W. W. Hutchings
Licence:


A drawing published in 1907 of the west front of the Church of Holy Trinity, Minories
Credit: Uncredited
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Petticoat Lane in the 1920s
Credit: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress)
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Whitechapel Gallery
Credit: LeHaye/Wiki Commons
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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