Honduras Street, EC1Y

Road in/near Clerkenwell, existing between the 1810s and now

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(51.52395 -0.09606, 51.523 -0.096) 
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Road · Clerkenwell · EC1Y ·
July
23
2021

Honduras Street dates from the 1810s.

The street names of London are many, various and named after all sorts of people, objects and events.

Some names keep cropping up again and again though and we can sometimes blame the builders of the nineteenth century who required a lot of new names very quickly.

Many streets of London date from the nineteenth century. There was a surfeit of roads named Victoria or Albert - so many and so confusing for postal workers of the time that a massive renaming programme was undertaken in the last decade of the century.

Alma was a popular name with street builders of the late 1850s. Alma commemorates the Battle of the River Alma on 20 September 1854, the first engagement in the Crimean War.

Inkerman road names commemorate another Franco-British victory over the Russians in 1854.

Lord Raglan was Commander-in-Chief of the Crimean campaign and General Sir George Cathcart his second-in-command. These preceding four names were popular with Victorian builders all over Britain.

Much rarer are Willes roads which honour Lieutenant-General James Willes, Commander of the Royal Marines during the War.

Bedford Square, Avenue, Place and Way (Bloomsbury), Bedford Court, Street and Bedfordbury (Covent Garden) and Bedford Passage (off Charlotte Street) indicate the London possessions which the Russells of Bedford received in two stages, the first for merit in 1552 and the second by marriage in 1669. At the time the estates were unimportant orchard or pasture lands, yet they were to yield more profit to the later Dukes of Bedford than all the family's numerous country properties. The family names on more than seventy London streets continue to bear witness to three centuries of Bedford ownership.

Belgrave is a hamlet in Cheshire which the first Earl Grosvenor purchased in 1758. In 1784 he was created Viscount Belgrave, a title which his descendants, the Dukes of Westminster, still hold. When his son, Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster, decided to develop part of his Westminster lands in 1824, the names of Belgrave and other Cheshire and Flint properties were given to the streets and squares. Belgrave Square happening to be the focal point of the area, gave the name Belgravia to this select district. Belgrave Place and Upper and Lower Belgrave Street date from the same period. The Grosvenor estate in Pimlico was begun a few years later: Belgrave Road, Pimlico was built in about 1830.

In consequence of Belgravia's prosperity the name then became very fashionable, and propagated wildly in the outer suburbs until the London County Council intervened-a strange fate for a tiny village on the Welsh border. Belgrave Gardens, St John's Wood, was apparently named simply for this cachet of respectability.

John Berkeley was born about 1607, the youngest son of Sir Maurice Berkeley of Bruton in Somerset. He was a royalist commander during the Civil War, and after a victory at Stratton in Cornwall was created Baron Berkeley of Stratton. By a judicious marriage he added wealth to the title, and in 1664 bought a field fronting Piccadilly, as a site for a town mansion befitting his status.

A few years later Berkeley House was completed in spacious grounds on the site of the present Devonshire House, Piccadilly. John Evelyn the diarist described it as a 'sweete place', with 'by far the most noble gardens, courts, and accommodations, stately porticos, &c. anywhere about the towne'. But by the time Lord Berkeley died in 1678, land along Piccadilly was so valuable that his widow could not resist sacrificing two strips of garden on either side of Berkeley House to the builders; Berkeley Street and Stratton Street were the result.

Bloomsbury is the name given to the medieval manor which stretched from modern Euston Road to High Holborn, and west to east from Tottenham Court Road to Southampton Row. It is a corruption of Blemund's bury, the bury or manor house of William de Blemund, who bought the land in 1201.

In 1545 the Earl of Southampton (Southampton Row) acquired the manor, which his descendants, the Dukes of Bedford, still partly own today.

Broomsleigh Street (Hampstead) is typical of a class of street name that came to maturity in Victorian times and was the ancestor of all suburban Acacia Avenues, Linden Groves and Mead Roads. The street was built by the Land Building Investment & Cottage Improvement Company Ltd, one of the land companies whose proliferation in the 1850s and 60s revolutionised the pattern of street building and naming. This was the period which saw the beginning of Hampstead's urbanisation, when landowning families who had farmed their fields for generations, and had no knowledge of how to develop them, sold out to the land companies -a continuing trend which has left most modern suburban building land in the hands of giant contracting firms or local councils.

The new owners had no interest in preserving old associations on these estates. In some cases they would name a batch of streets after the directors of the company and their country homes, but this source was soon exhausted, especially when (as often happened) the company consisted of a solitary businessman. Their only aim in naming streets was to give an impression of genteel, vaguely rural, desirable residences.

Hence the number of countrified suffixes and prefixes found. 'Croft' is the most popular: Femcroft, Hollycroft, Rose­ croft, Greencroft and Lyncroft. Endings like 'wood', 'grove', 'bourne', 'hurst', 'leigh' 'ridge' and 'dale' are fruitful basic elements: Inglewood, Netherwood, Maygrove, Honeybourne, Goldhurst, Cotleigh, Broomsleigh, Loveridge, Briardale, Holmdale. 'Glens': Glenbrook, Glenloch, Glenilla, Glen­ more) are no guarantee of rocky vales.

Flower names come into the same class. Narcissus Road dates from 1877, and being also the name of a Greek mythological character led to the appearance of a subsidiary Pandora Road four years later.

When the companies wished to announce attractions more subtly, they relied on ruralistic associations like Ravenshaw Street and Rosemont Road), or names of pleasant villages and towns, usually in the West Country: this accounts for Glastonbury Street, Kemplay Road and Crediton Hill. Insipid but harmless names of this kind continue to spread with public acquiescence wherever English suburban development takes place.

Brunswick was a popular name with builders in the year 1795, when Princess Caroline of Brunswick came to England to marry her cousin the Prince of Wales, later George IV. But the marriage was probably the least successful in the history of British royalty. Prince George is said to have been horrified at the sight of his bride and Caroline reported that he spent the wedding night in a drunken stupor. He stayed with her only until their daughter, Princess Charlotte, was born. Caroline, spurned and humiliated, led a wild vagabond life on the continent which shocked all Europe until her death in 1821.

The Earls Cadogan have owned most of Chelsea for centuries. The connection began with their ancestor Sir Hans Sloane, President of the Royal Society and of the College of Physicians, whose library and collection formed the nucleus of the British Museum. His brother had settled in Chelsea, and when Sir Hans' success was established he decided to buy the Manor of Chelsea, in 1712. Having no sons, Sir Hans divided the manor between his two daughters and their heirs, and their family names are now scattered all over the parish.

In the   fifteenth   century   the manors of Notting Hill and Paddington belonged to the Lady Margaret, the mother of Henry of Richmond, head of the House of Lancaster, who ended the Wars of the Roses when he seized the throne as Henry VII in 1485. She was renowned for her graciousness and generosity, and is mainly remembered now for founding the Lady Margaret professorships at Oxford and  Cambridge Universities.

In her will she left the Notting Hill and  Paddington  estates  to  pay for these professorships - hence Oxford  and  Cambridge Squares  (Paddington) Oxford  and  Cambridge Gardens,  (Notting  Hill),  and  Lancaster Road,   (Notting   Hill).   The manors  were  held  by  Westminster Abbey  in  trust for  the  universities until   Lady   Margaret's   grandson Henry VIII, dissolved the abbey along with all  other English monasteries and seized the lands in 1543.

The district now known as Camden Town was a prebend, a manor  belonging to St Paul's Cathedral, where the income supported a prebendary  canon.  By  about  1670 John Jeffreys was farming the land on  behalf  of  the  Cathedral  and  in 1749 it passed to Charles Pratt, then a  struggling barrister, who  married Elizabeth Jeffreys of Brecknock Priory. Later Pratt  reached the highest possible honours in his career as a lawyer,     being     appointed      Lord Chancellor   in   1766  and   created Viscount   Bayham and Earl  Camden.

In 1790 Lord Camden came to an arrangement  with  the  prebendary, the   Reverend   Thomas   Randolph, to   start   developing   the   land.   A contract  was  drawn  up   with   a local     builder     called      Augustine Greenland - who was to profit well from the deal - and streets were begun. Hence   Camden   Gardens,   High Street, Park Road, Road, Square and Street;  Jeffreys  Street;  Prebend Place; Brecknock Road; Pratt Street; Baybam Street; Randolph Street; Greenland Place, Road and Street; Marquis Road; Georgiana Street; Caroline now Carol Street; Murray Street;  and  Rochester Place,  Road and Square.

Carlton Gardens and Carlton House  Terrace occupy  the  site  of  Carlton  House, built in 1709 for Lord Carlton. Unlike most noble town houses, it kept its name despite changes of ownership. The Prince of Wales lived there, and spent so much money renovating it after  he was made Regent  in 1811 that  'Carlton' became a byword for spendthrift  luxury. But in 1826 he tired of it, the house was demolished, and these terraces were built. The  name  remained  popular  for the rest of the century with builders and  publicans who wished to imply an   ambiance  of  elegance.  Carlton Hill,  St  John's  Wood,  Carlton Vale, Paddington,  and  Carlton (now Carltoun) Street, Kentish Town, date from the 1840s and 1850s, and there are still half a dozen Carlton pubs in London.

The  ancient family  of Cavendish split into two branches in the seventeenth century: One branch of the family was created Dukes of Devonshire, The other  branch produced the Dukes of Newcastle, whose eventual heiress, Lady Margaret Cavendish, married the owner of Marylebone Manor. Her daughter Henrietta married Edward Harley in 1713, and four years later he began Cavendish Square. Cavendish Place and Old and New Cavendish Streets soon followed. Henrietta's descendant, the 4th Duke of Port­land, purchased a plot of land St John's Wood in 1827, and built on it Cavendish Close and Cavendish Avenue.

Clifton Gardens, Place, Road and  Villas  (Paddington),  Clifton Hill (St John's  Wood), and  Clifton (now Cliff) Road and Villas (Camden Town), all dating  from  the mid­ nineteenth   century,   are  named after the fashionable  district of  Bristol  where  Brunei's   Clifton Suspension Bridge, an amazing feat of  engineering,   was   constructed 1832-1864.

Conduits,  pipes and  channels carrying water from fresh springs outside  London   into   the   densely populated  areas,  were vital  to  the pre-Water  Board   Londoner.   The Thames   and    its   tributaries    had become inadequate  or  polluted  by the thirteenth century and water had to   be   conveyed   artificially  from further afield. With the exception of the   New   River the ancient conduits are all disused, but several of them are perpetuated  in street names. White Conduit Street  and Lamb's Conduit Street  are notable examples.

Cubitt Street  (near Gray's Inn Road) adjoined the extensive premises of Messrs Cubitt's,  the  building  com­pany, whose headquarters were here until 1930. The firm was founded by Thomas  Cubitt who built the surrounding streets. He developed much of Bloomsbury for the Duke of Bedford, and spread his houses, many of them still standing, across  North  London from  Camden Town to Stoke  Newington. In 1825 he embarked on his greatest achievement, draining the remote and desolate swamps  which were to  become Belgravia  and  Pimlico. Cubitt Town is also named after the family.

Denmark Street (St Giles) was formed across the site of St Giles' Leper Hospital soon after 1683, the year Princess (later Queen) Anne married dull Prince George of Denmark. 'I have tried him drunk and I have tried him sober, but there is nothing in him', sighed the Merry Monarch, his uncle by marriage. Denmark was the father of Anne's 17 children, who all died in infancy. Denmark Street is better known by its nickname Tin Pan Alley, the centre of the music publishing business.

About 1855, the Devonshire name was very popular by association with the dukedom: at  that  time there were no less than nine Devonshire Terraces in London as  well as  nine  Devonshire  Streets and  many other variations  of  the  same name.

Many Duke Streets are named in honour of James Duke of York, later James II.

Names   suffixed  with End  in  and  around  London  date from  the  days  when  villages  now absorbed  in  the  suburbs   were  so small   and   compact   that    houses even   a   short   distance   from   the main  cluster  of  buildings  were isolated outposts. Town's Ends and even  World's   Ends - one  of   the latter  survives in Chelsea - were common. In Kensington South End, South End Row and South End Gardens,  only  a  few  hundred yards from the village centre at Kensington High Street, demark the southern extremity of the settlement in the eighteenth century. In Hampstead too South End Green, so close to  Hampstead  Village, is a separate hamlet on Rocque's map of 1745.  Hampstead also boasted two other far-flung communities on the opposite boundaries of the parish, at West End (surviving in West End Lane) and North End.

George, Frederick, Henry, James and John were very common street names, sometimes named after royalty but more often after builders. In Stepney alone there were once five separate places called George Street and ten called John Street.

The Latin gleba meant 'earth' or 'soil', and in English the name Glebe was extended to 'ground belonging to a parish priest'. Glebe names tend to adjoin a church.

The prefix Great does not usually imply particular grandeur or importance  in  a street. It generally indicated  the  presence of a  corresponding Little street in  the neighbourbood,   although  the  latter  has disappeared   or   been  renamed   in many  cases. In  the  late  1930s the London  County  Council systematically   attempted    to   eliminate   all prefixed  names  from   the  London Directory, and hundreds of suburban 'Greats' were simply dropped.

The  story  of the  immensely  valuable  Grosvenor family estates in London starts  with Hugh Audley, who was born in 1577. He started his career as a law student of humble origin, but before long revealed a talent for making the utmost  profit from  all  his  transactions.  He  accumulated  vast estates all  over  the country,  including  one manor  which  a  lesser  businessman would have dismissed as worthless. This was Ebury, an extensive flat rural holding,  its fields inundated  by the Thames,  its  few  inhabitants   shepherds  and  tenant  farmers,  its  lanes infested  with  thieves and  its  main produce  osiers. It is now  Mayfair, Belgravia  and  Pimlico the most valuable single estate in Britain.

A Grove is defined as a small wood or group of trees. Most Groves in central London indicate the proximity once of a such vegetation.

Holland House in Holland Park was built by Sir Walter Cope, Lord of the Manor of Kensington  in 1605. Cope and his wife Dorothy Grenville had an only child, a daughter Isabel, who married Henry Rich, Earl Holland. Their son Robert was later the Earl of Warwick. Local names associated with the fortunes of the house and its ownership are: Holland Park, Park Avenue, Park Gardens, Park Road, Gardens, Place, Road, Street, Villas Road and Walk; Cope Place; Grenville Place; Warwick Gardens and Road; Addison Crescent, Gardens, Place and Road; Edwardes Place and Square; Radnor Terrace; Pembroke Gardens, Gardens Close, Place, Road, Square, Villas and Walk;Longridge and Marloes Roads; Nevern Place, Road and Square; Pennant Mews; Penywern Road; Philbeach Gardens; Templeton Place; Trebovir Road; Napier Place and Road; Russell Gardens and Road; Strangways Terrace; Ilchester Place; Woodford Square; Abbotsbury Close and Road, and Melbury Court and Road.

King Street has always been a very popular street name, with its implications of patriotism and regality. It was also a convenient label  for streets with no official name, and almost every medieval City thorough­ fare was known as Via Regia (King's Way), Vicus Regius (King's Lane) or 'ye kinges hie way' at some stage in its history.  There  are  still three King  Streets in  central  London.

The  earliest street  to honour the 1st Duke of Marlborough was Great Marlborough Street, begun in 1704, the year of his victory at Blenheim. The  Duke  died  in  1722,  but  he and  his  battles  are  found  in  street names all over London, even in the newest suburbs. In  the London  suburbs  of Chiswick, Harrow,  Croydon,  Sutton  and  Leytonstone,  as  well as in  countless  provincial towns, Blenheims are situated close to Marlboroughs.

Blenheim and royalty apart, during the First World War, every street but one in London with a Germanic name was changed. Only Weimar Street in Wandsworth escaped this process.

Mount Pleasant (Clerkenwell) was once a very pleasant country path, winding down into the valley of the River Fleet and  mounting again on the other bank. The name 'Mount  Pleasant' is common around London, and where it occurs in built-up areas the sense is usually ironical. The Vale of Health, Hampstead is another ironic example.

Prince and Princes Streets have always abounded in London, as in other towns, either as a sign of patriotism or to lend a noble tone to the street. Most Prince Streets are genuinely named in honour of royalty. Allegiance to the new House of Hanover was proclaimed in the name of Princes Street off Hanover Square. The birth of the future Edward VII in 1841 had predictable results wherever new roads were being formed on the suburban outskirts: for instance Prince of Wales Road and Crescent, biting through the fields of Kentish Town; Princes, now Princedale, Road and Princes Place, along with the Prince of Wales pub, laid out in 1841 in North Kensington ; Princes Square, Bayswater; and the Prince of Wales Gate into Hyde Park which led in turn to Princes Gate and Princes Gardens. Prince of Wales Terrace, Kensington, dates from 1862, the year Edward came of age and entered into public life.

Queens, like Princes and Kings, have long been subjects for street names, whether from patriotic fervour, a spirit of chivalry, or simply a desire to ennoble an undistinguished suburban street. The oldest in London is Queen Street in the City, formed after the Great Fire of 1666 at the same time as King Street, and diplomatically named in compliment to Charles II's unpopular Catholic consort, Catherine of Braganza.

The source of nearly all urban York  Streets  was  the  'Grand   Old Duke  of York',  destined to  be immortalized  among  children  as  the inefficient leader of pointless military exercises.  He  was  HRH  Frederick, eldest brother  of the  Prince Regent and also the Regent's  heir apparent for  most  of his life. In 1793 he was made Commander of the   English   Forces   fighting   the French in the Netherlands, where he encountered  disastrous  defeats,  retreats   and  scandal.   He  was  tried (though acquitted) with his notorious mistress  Mary   Anne   Clarke,   for running the Army at a vast profit by selIing commissions  in  return   for bribes. Most of the York Streets inspired by him have since been renamed to avoid confusion.

Main source: Gillian Bebbington's Street Names of London


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Reply
Tom   
Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

Blackfriars
What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Comment
Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

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Comment
Lena    
Added: 18 Mar 2021 13:08 GMT   

White Conduit Street, N1
My mum, Rosina Wade of the Wade and Hannam family in the area of Chapel Street and Parkfield Street, bought her first “costume” at S Cohen’s in White Conduit Street. Would have probably been about 1936 or thereabouts. She said that he was a small man but an expert tailor. I hope that Islington Council preserve the shop front as it’s a piece of history of the area. Mum used to get her high heel shoes from an Italian shoe shop in Chapel Street. She had size 2 feet and they would let her know when a new consignment of size 2 shoes were in. I think she was a very good customer. She worked at Killingbacks artificial flower maker in Northampton Square and later at the Halifax bombers factory north of Edgware where she was a riveter.

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Comment
Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a “Direct Grant” grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now “Owen’s Fields” was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as “Dames Alice Owen’s School” or simply “DAOS”). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ “knowledge” school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
old lady   
Added: 19 Jul 2021 11:58 GMT   

mis information
Cheltenham road was originally
Hall road not Hill rd
original street name printed on house still standing

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Comment
Patricia Bridges   
Added: 19 Jul 2021 10:57 GMT   

Lancefield Coachworks
My grandfather Tom Murray worked here

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Lived here
Former Philbeach Gardens Resident   
Added: 14 Jul 2021 00:44 GMT   

Philbeach Gardens Resident (Al Stewart)
Al Stewart, who had huts in the 70s with the sings ’Year of the Cat’ and ’On The Borders’, lived in Philbeach Gdns for a while and referenced Earl’s Court in a couple of his songs.
I lived in Philbeach Gardens from a child until my late teens. For a few years, on one evening in the midst of Summer, you could hear Al Stewart songs ringing out across Philbeach Gardens, particularly from his album ’Time Passages". I don’t think Al was living there at the time but perhaps he came back to see some pals. Or perhaps the broadcasters were just his fans,like me.
Either way, it was a wonderful treat to hear!

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Lived here
David James Bloomfield   
Added: 13 Jul 2021 11:54 GMT   

Hurstway Street, W10
Jimmy Bloomfield who played for Arsenal in the 1950s was brought up on this street. He was a QPR supporter as a child, as many locals would be at the time, as a teen he was rejected by them as being too small. They’d made a mistake

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Comment
Added: 6 Jul 2021 05:38 GMT   

Wren Road in the 1950s and 60s
Living in Grove Lane I knew Wren Road; my grandfather’s bank, Lloyds, was on the corner; the Scout District had their office in the Congregational Church and the entrance to the back of the Police station with the stables and horses was off it. Now very changed - smile.

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fariba   
Added: 28 Jun 2021 00:48 GMT   

Tower Bridge Business Complex, S
need for my coursework

Source: university

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Lived here
Kim Johnson   
Added: 24 Jun 2021 19:17 GMT   

Limehouse Causeway (1908)
My great grandparents were the first to live in 15 Tomlins Terrace, then my grandparents and parents after marriage. I spent the first two years of my life there. My nan and her family lived at number 13 Tomlins Terrace. My maternal grandmother lived in Maroon house, Blount Street with my uncle. Nan, my mum and her brothers were bombed out three times during the war.

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Comment
Peter H Davies   
Added: 17 Jun 2021 09:33 GMT   

Ethelburga Estate
The Ethelburga Estate - named after Ethelburga Road - was an LCC development dating between 1963–65. According to the Wikipedia, it has a "pleasant knitting together of a series of internal squares". I have to add that it’s extremely dull :)

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Bunhill Fields Bunhill Fields was in use as a burial ground from 1665 until 1854.
Clerkenwell Preceptory The following is a list of monastic houses in Greater London, England.
Clerkenwell Priory Clerkenwell Priory was a priory of the Monastic Order of the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem, located in Clerkenwell, London.
Golden Lane Estate, EC1Y The Golden Lane Housing Estate is a 1950s council housing complex in the City of London.
Hicks Hall Hicks Hall (1611 - 1778) was a building in St John Street, Clerkenwell, London.
Honourable Artillery Company Museum The Honourable Artillery Company Museum opened in 1987.
Museum of the Order of St John The Museum of the Order of St John in Clerkenwell, London, tells the story of the Venerable Order of Saint John.
St John Clerkenwell St John Clerkenwell is a former parish church in Clerkenwell, now used as the chapel of the modern Order of St John.
St John’s Gate, Clerkenwell St John’s Gate is one of the few tangible remains from Clerkenwell’s monastic past; it was built in 1504 by Prior Thomas Docwra as the south entrance to the inner precinct of Clerkenwell Priory, the priory of the Knights of Saint John - the Knights Hospitallers.
St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics was founded in London in 1751 for the treatment of incurable pauper lunatics by a group of philanthropists.

NEARBY STREETS
Agdon Street, EC1V Agdon Street was originally called Woods Close.
Albemarle Way, EC1M Albemarle Way was named after Elizabeth, Dowager Duchess of Albermarle, who lived at Newcastle House nearby in the 18th century.
Albion Place, EC1M Albion Place was formerly George Court.
Amias Place, EC1Y Amias Place was formerly George Yard.
Anchor Yard, EC1Y Anchor Yard is named after a former inn here of this name.
Ashby Street, EC1V Ashby Street was named after local landowners who had a seat at Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire.
Aylesbury Street, EC1V Aylesbury Street - after the earl of Aylesbury who owned a house near here in the 17th century.
Baldwin Street, EC1V Baldwin Street was named after Richard Baldwin, Treasurer at St Bartholomew’s Hospital when the street was built in 1811.
Baltic Street East, EC1Y Baltic Street East was built by a timber merchant around 1810 who named local streets after trade-related activities.
Baltic Street West, EC1Y Baltic Street is split into east and west halves.
Banner Street, EC1Y Banner Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Bartholomew Square, EC1V This is a street in the EC1V postcode area
Bastwick Street, EC1V Bastwick Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Bath Street, EC1V Bath Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Beech Street, EC1Y Beech Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Berkeley Court, EC1M Berkeley Court ran south out of Berkley Street (now Briset Street).
Berry Place, EC1V Berry Place is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Berry Street, EC1M Berry Street is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Braithwaite House, EC1Y Residential block
Brewery Square, EC1V Brewery Square is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Brewhouse Yard, EC1V Brewhouse Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Bridgewater Square, EC2Y Bridgewater Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Briset Street, EC1M Briset Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Britton Street, EC1M Britton Street was named after Thomas Britten, a 17th century coalman.
Broad Yard, EC1M Broad Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Bryer Court, EC2Y Bryer Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bunhill Fields, EC1Y Bunhill Fields is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Bunhill Row, EC1Y Bunhill Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Carthusian Street, EC1A Carthusian Street is a road in the EC1A postcode area
Central Street, EC1V Central Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Charterhouse Buildings, EC1A Charterhouse Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Charterhouse Mews, EC1A Charterhouse Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Charterhouse Square, EC1M Charterhouse Square is the largest courtyard associated with London Charterhouse, mostly formed of Tudor and Stuart architecture restored after the Blitz.
Chequer Street, EC1Y Chequer Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Cherry Tree Walk, EC1Y Cherry Tree Walk is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Chiswell Street, EC2Y Chiswell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Chiswell Street, SE5 Chiswell Street is a location in London.
Clerkenwell Road, EC1M Clerkenwell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Compton Street, EC1V Compton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Cowcross Street, EC1M Cowcross Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Crescent Row, EC1Y Crescent Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Cripplegate Street, EC1Y Cripplegate Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Cyrus Street, EC1V Cyrus Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Dallington Street, EC1V Dallington Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Davina House, EC1V Residential block
Dingley Road, EC1V Dingley Road is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Domingo Street, EC1Y Domingo Street links Old Street with Baltic Street East.
Dufferin Avenue, EC1Y Dufferin Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Dufferin Street, EC1Y Dufferin Street runs between Bunhill Row and Whitecross Street.
Eagle Court, EC1M Eagle Court is a courtyard situated off of Benjamin Street.
Errol Street, EC1Y Errol Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Fann Street, EC1Y Fann Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Farringdon Road, EC1V Farringdon Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Faulkners Alley, EC1M Faulkners Alley is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Featherstone Street, EC1Y Featherstone Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Finsbury Street, EC2A Finsbury Street is a road in the EC2Y postcode area
Florin Court, EC1M Florin Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Fortune Street, EC1Y Fortune Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Galway Street, EC1V Galway Street was named for the Earl of Galway.
Garrett Street, EC1Y Garrett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Gate House, EC1M Residential block
Gee Street, EC1V Gee Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Glasshouse Yard, EC2Y Glasshouse Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Godfrey House, EC1V Godfrey House is on the St Lukes Estate.
Golden Lane, EC1Y Golden Lane connects Old Street and Beech Street.
Golden Lane, EC2Y Golden Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Goswell Road, EC1A Goswell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Goswell Road, EC1V Goswell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Goswell Road, EC1Y Goswell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Great Sutton Street, EC1M Great Sutton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Grimthorpe House, EC1V Residential block
Hayne Street, EC1A Hayne Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Haywards Place, EC1V Haywards Place is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Helmet Row, EC1V Helmet Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Ironmonger Row, EC1V Ironmonger Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Jerusalem Passage, EC1V Jerusalem Passage was named for an old public house, St. John of Jerusalem, which stood at the northeast corner until 1760.
King Square, EC1V King Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Lamb’s Passage, EC1Y Lamb’s Passage was formerly Great Swordbearers (Sword Bearers) Alley.
Leo Yard, EC1V Leo Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Lever Street, EC1V Lever Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Lizard Street, EC1V Lizard Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Long Lane, EC1M Long Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Mallow Street, EC1Y Mallow Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Malta Street, EC1V This is a street in the EC1V postcode area
Martha’s Buildings, EC1Y Martha’s Buildings is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Memel Street, EC1Y Memel Street was built over the site of a former brewery in the 1810s.
Milton Court, EC2Y Milton Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Milton Street, EC2Y Milton Street was formerly known as Grub Street.
Mitchell Street, EC1V Mitchell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Mora Street, EC1V Mora Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Murton Street, EC1V Murton Street dates from about 1829.
Norman Street, EC1V Norman Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Northampton Square, EC1V Northampton Square is a square between Finsbury and Clerkenwell, located between Goswell Road and St John Street.
Northburgh Street, EC1M Northburgh Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Northburgh Street, EC1M Northburgh Street in the EC1V postcode is a western extension of the main part of the street.
Old Street, EC1Y Old Street runs west to east from Goswell Road in Clerkenwell to a crossroads in Shoreditch.
Pardon Street, EC1V Pardon Street was named after Pardon Chapel, founded in the wake of the Black Death in 1348.
Passing Alley, EC1M Passing Alley is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Paton Street, EC1V Paton Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Pear Tree Street, EC1V Pear Tree Street connects Central Street and Goswell Road.
Peerless Street, EC1V Peerless Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Penny Bank Chambers, EC1M Penny Bank Chambers is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Percival Street, EC1V Percival Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Peter’s Lane, EC1M Peter’s Lane is named after the church which once stood close to the Cross Keys tavern.
Pickax Street, EC2Y Pickax Street once ran from Long Lane to Goswell Road (which before 1864 was called Goswell Street).
Provost & East Building, Provost & East Building lies within the postcode.
Quaker Court, EC1Y Quaker Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Radnor Street, EC1V Radnor Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Roscoe Street, EC1Y Roscoe Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Saint John Street, EC1M This is a street in the EC1M postcode area
Sebastian Street, EC1V Sebastian Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Seward Street, EC1V Seward Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Smokehouse Yard, EC1M Smokehouse Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St John Street, EC1V St John Street runs from Finsbury to Farringdon.
St John’s Square, EC1M St John’s Square, south of Clerkenwell Road, is in the EC1M postal area.
St John’s Square, EC1M St John’s Square is split into two sections, north and south of Clerkenwell Road.
St Johns House, EC1M Residential block
St Johns Lane, EC1M St Johns Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St Johns Path, EC1M St Johns Path is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St Johns Place, EC1M St Johns Place is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St John’s Gate, EC1M St John’s Gate is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Sutton Lane, EC1M Sutton Lane is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Sutton Road, EC1M Sutton Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Sycamore Street, EC1Y Sycamore Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
The Charterhouse, EC1M Residential block
The Sutton Estate, EC1Y The Sutton Estate is a road in the N1 postcode area
Tilney Court, EC1Y Tilney Court lies off of Old Street.
Timber Street, EC1Y Timber Street was formerly called Norway Street.
Tompion House, EC1V Residential block
Tompion Street, EC1V Tompion Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Victoria House, EC1V A street within the EC1V postcode
Warwick Yard, EC1Y Warwick Yard is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Waterloo Street, EC1V Waterloo Street once ran from Lever Street to Radnor Street.
Whitecross Street, EC1Y Whitecross Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Wyclif Street, EC1V Wyclif Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Young’s Buildings, EC1Y Young’s Buildings was named after Francis Young, a local 18th century property owner

NEARBY PUBS
Artillery Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
BarSmith This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bavarian Beerhouse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Be At One This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Charterhouse Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Clerkenwell & Social This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Lazybones This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Love’s Company, Unit 1 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Masque Haunt This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Nomad Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Sabor Iberico This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Searcys Bars @ GSM & D This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Sutton Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Sutton Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Fence This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Fox and Anchor This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Jugged Hare This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Fountain This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Ivy House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Peasant This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Shakespeare This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Slaughtered Lamb This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Trader This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Well This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White Bear This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Clerkenwell

Clerkenwell was once known as London’s Little Italy because of the large number of Italians living in the area from the 1850s until the 1960s.

Clerkenwell took its name from the Clerks’ Well in Farringdon Lane. In the Middle Ages, the London Parish clerks performed annual mystery plays there, based on biblical themes. Part of the well remains visible, incorporated into a 1980s building called Well Court.

In the 17th century South Clerkenwell became a fashionable place of residence. Oliver Cromwell owned a house on Clerkenwell Close, just off the Green. Several aristocrats had houses there, most notably the Duke of Northumberland, as did people such as Erasmus Smith.

Before Clerkenwell became a built-up area, it had a reputation as a resort a short walk out of the city, where Londoners could disport themselves at its spas, of which there were several, based on natural chalybeate springs, tea gardens and theatres. The present day Sadler’s Wells has survived as heir to this tradition.

Clerkenwell was also the location of three prisons: the Clerkenwell Bridewell, Coldbath Fields Prison (later Clerkenwell Gaol) and the New Prison, later the Clerkenwell House of Detention, notorious as the scene of the Clerkenwell Outrage in 1867, an attempted prison break by Fenians who killed many in the tenement houses on Corporation Row in trying to blow a hole in the prison wall.

The Industrial Revolution changed the area greatly. It became a centre for breweries, distilleries and the printing industry. It gained a special reputation for the making of clocks and watches, which activity once employed many people from around the area. Flourishing craft workshops still carry on some of the traditional trades, such as jewellery-making. Clerkenwell is home to Witherby’s, Europe’s oldest printing company.

After the Second World War, Clerkenwell suffered from industrial decline and many of the premises occupied by the engineering, printing publishing and meat and food trades (the last mostly around Smithfield) fell empty. Several acclaimed council housing estates were commissioned by Finsbury Borough Council. Modernist architect and Russian émigré Berthold Lubetkin’s listed Spa Green Estate, constructed 1943–1950, has recently been restored. The Finsbury Estate, constructed in 1968 to the designs of Joseph Emberton includes flats, since altered and re-clad.

A general revival and gentrification process began in the 1980s, and the area is now known for loft-living in some of the former industrial buildings. It also has young professionals, nightclubs and restaurants and is home to many professional offices as an overspill for the nearby City of London and West End.

Amongst other sectors, there is a notable concentration of design professions around Clerkenwell, and supporting industries such as high-end designer furniture showrooms.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Smithfield Market
TUM image id: 1620388545
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St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
TUM image id: 1554045418
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Angel, Islington (c.1890)
TUM image id: 1557162442
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Amen Court, EC4M
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Farringdon Street, EC4M
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Licence: CC BY 2.0
Poppins Court EC4
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In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
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Saint John’s Gate, Clerkenwell, the main gateway to the Priory of Saint John of Jerusalem. The church was founded in the 12th century by Jordan de Briset, a Norman knight. Prior Docwra completed the gatehouse shown in this photograph in 1504. The gateway served as the main entry to the Priory, which was the center of the Order of St John of Jerusalem (the Knights Hospitallers).
Credit: Henry Dixon (1880)
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View of Cloth Fair in 1884 showing the side entrance to St Bartholomew’s Priory, Smithfield.
Credit: John Crowther
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Great Arthur House, at the centre of the Golden Lane Estate, was the tallest residential building in Britain at the time of its construction.
Credit: Steve F/Wiki commons
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Pardon Street
Credit: The Underground Map
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(West) Smithfield from the ’woodcut’ map of c. 1561, illustrating its proximity with open fields to the west, and cattle pens by the City of London
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Kennedy’s - who sold sausages and pies around Camberwell and Peckham - delivering at Smithfield Market
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Albion Place in 1902, looking east towards the Old Baptist’s Head public house and No. 31 St John’s Lane, Clerkenwell
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Royal Oak, Waterloo Street in the early 1960s.
Credit: James Wyatt
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Kennedy’s of Smithfield Market.
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