Underground station, existing between 1999 and now.

(51.504 -0.105, 51.504 -0.105) 
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Underground station · Southwark · SE1 ·
Southwark is the area immediately south of London Bridge, opposite the City of London.

Southwark is on a previously marshy area south of the River Thames. Recent excavation has revealed prehistoric activity including evidence of early ploughing, burial mounds and ritual activity. The area was originally a series of islands in the River Thames. This formed the best place to bridge the Thames and the area became an important part of Londinium owing its importance to its position as the endpoint of the Roman London Bridge. Two Roman roads, Stane Street and Watling Street, met at Southwark in what is now Borough High Street.

At some point the Bridge fell or was pulled down. Southwark and the city seem to have become largely deserted during the Early Middle Ages. Archaeologically, evidence of settlement is replaced by a largely featureless soil called the Dark Earth which probably (although this is contested) represents an urban area abandoned.

Southwark appears to recover only during the time of King Alfred and his successors. Sometime in and around 886 AD the Bridge was rebuilt and the City and Southwark restored. Southwark was called ’Suddringa Geworc’ which means the ’defensive works of the men of Surrey’. It was probably fortified to defend the bridge and hence the re-emerging City of London to the north. This defensive role is highlighted by the use of the Bridge as a defense against King Swein, his son King Cnut and in 1066, against King William the Conqueror. He failed to force the Bridge during the Norman conquest of England, but Southwark was devastated.

Much of Southwark was originally owned by the church - the greatest reminder of monastic London is Southwark Cathedral, originally the priory of St Mary Overy.

During the Middle Ages, Southwark remained outside of the control of the City and was a haven for criminals and free traders, who would sell goods and conduct trades outside the regulation of the City Livery Companies. An important market - later to become known as the Borough Market - was established there some time in the 13th century. The area was renowned for its inns, especially The Tabard, from which Chaucer’s pilgrims set off on their journey in The Canterbury Tales.

After many decades’ petitioning, in 1550, Southwark was incorporated into the City of London as ’The Ward of Bridge Without’. It became the entertainment district for London, and it was also the red-light area. In 1599, William Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre was built on the South Bank in Southwark, though it burned down in 1613. A modern replica, also called the Globe, has been built near the original site. Southwark was also a favorite area for entertainment like bull and bear-baiting. There was also a famous fair in Southwark which took place near the Church of St. George the Martyr. William Hogarth depicted this fair in his engraving of Southwark Fair (1733).

In 1844 the railway reached Southwark with the opening of London Bridge station.

In 1861 the Great Fire of Southwark destroyed a large number of buildings between Tooley Street and the Thames, including those around Hays Wharf, where Hays Galleria was later built, and blocks to the west almost as far as St Olave’s Church.

In 1899 Southwark was incorporated along with Newington and Walworth into the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark, and in 1965 this was incorporated with the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell and Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey into the London Borough of Southwark.

Southwark tube station was opened on 20 November 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.

The original plan for the Extension did not include a station between those at Waterloo and London Bridge; Southwark station was added after lobbying by the local council. Although it is close to Waterloo, not near the Bankside attractions it was intended to serve, and its only rail interchange is to London Waterloo East mainline station; the passenger usage matches those of other minor central stations. It does however get over double the traffic of nearby Borough station and around triple Lambeth North.

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Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs


Roy Batham   
Added: 7 Jan 2022 07:17 GMT   

Smithy in Longacre
John Burris 1802-1848 Listed 1841 census as Burroughs was a blacksmith, address just given as Longacre.

Source: Batham/Wiseman - Family Tree


Scott Hatton   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 19:47 GMT   

Millions Of Rats In Busy London
The Daily Mail on 14 April 1903 reported "MILLIONS OF RATS IN BUSY LONDON"

A rat plague, unprecedented in the annals of London, has broken out on the north side of the Strand. The streets principally infested are Catherine street, Drury lane, Blackmore street, Clare Market and Russell street. Something akin to a reign of terror prevails among the inhabitants after nightfall. Women refuse to pass along Blackmore street and the lower parts of Stanhope street after dusk, for droves of rats perambulate the roadways and pavements, and may be seen running along the window ledges of the empty houses awaiting demolition by the County Council in the Strand to Holborn improvement scheme.

The rats, indeed, have appeared in almost-incredible numbers. "There are millions of them," said one shopkeeper, and his statement was supported by other residents. The unwelcome visitors have been evicted from their old haunts by the County Council housebreakers, and are now busily in search of new homes. The Gaiety Restaurant has been the greatest sufferer. Rats have invaded the premises in such force that the managers have had to close the large dining room on the first floor and the grill rooms on the ground floor and in the basement. Those three spacious halls which have witnessed many as semblages of theatre-goers are now qui:e deserted. Behind the wainscot of the bandstand in the grillroom is a large mound of linen shreds. This represents 1728 serviettes carried theee by the rats.

In the bar the removal of a panel disclosed the astonishing fact that the rats have dragged for a distance of seven or eight yards some thirty or forty beer and wine bottles and stacked them in such a fashion as to make comfortable sleeping places. Mr Williams. the manager of the restaurant, estimates that the rats have destroyed L200 worth of linen. Formerly the Gaiety Restaurant dined 2000 persons daily; no business whatever is now done in this direction.

Bruce McTavish   
Added: 11 Mar 2021 11:37 GMT   

Kennington Road
Lambeth North station was opened as Kennington Road and then Westminster Bridge Road before settling on its final name. It has a wonderful Leslie Green design.

Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

Added: 9 Aug 2017 16:26 GMT   

I have recently started a web site, the info you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work. There can be no real freedom without the freedom to fail. by Erich Fromm. eeggefeceefb


Added: 7 Oct 2017 21:07 GMT   

Hurley Road, SE11
There were stables in the road mid way - also Danny reading had a coal delivery lorry.

Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   

Saunders Street, SE11
I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

Lived here
Richard Roques   
Added: 21 Jan 2021 16:53 GMT   

Buckingham Street residents
Here in Buckingham Street lived Samuel Pepys the diarist, Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling

Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

Born here
Added: 31 Dec 2021 00:54 GMT   

Burdett Street, SE1
I was on 2nd July 1952, in Burdett chambers (which is also known as Burdett buildings)on Burdett street


Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

Lived here
Linda WEBB   
Added: 8 Jun 2023 23:16 GMT   

Craven Street, WC2N
James webb lived in Craven Street Westminster. He died in 1758 and his states he was of Craven Street.
FROM England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858 for James Webb PROB 11: Will Registers
1773-1776 Piece 1004: Alexander, Quire Numbers 1-45 (1775)



Jean Deane   
Added: 2 Oct 2023 16:43 GMT   

Advertisement for a laundry in Mill Lane, Brixton Hill, SW2 from early 1900’s
The New Imperial Laundry

Source: From a Ladies glance guide for Mistress and Maid


Added: 24 Sep 2023 19:09 GMT   

Meyrick Rd
My family - Roe - lived in poverty at 158 Meyrick Rd in the 1920s, moving to 18 Lavender Terrace in 1935. They also lived in York Rd at one point. Alf, Nell (Ellen), plus children John, Ellen (Did), Gladys, Joyce & various lodgers. Alf worked for the railway (LMS).

Born here
Added: 20 Sep 2023 21:10 GMT   

Momentous Birth!
I was born in the upstairs front room of 28 Tyrrell Avenue in August 1938. I was a breach birth and quite heavy ( poor Mum!). My parents moved to that end of terrace house from another rental in St Mary Cray where my three year older brother had been born in 1935. The estate was quite new in 1938 and all the properties were rented. My Father was a Postman. I grew up at no 28 all through WWII and later went to Little Dansington School


Mike Levy   
Added: 19 Sep 2023 18:10 GMT   

Bombing of Arbour Square in the Blitz
On the night of September 7, 1940. Hyman Lubosky (age 35), his wife Fay (or Fanny)(age 32) and their son Martin (age 17 months) died at 11 Arbour Square. They are buried together in Rainham Jewish Cemetery. Their grave stones read: "Killed by enemy action"


Lady Townshend   
Added: 8 Sep 2023 16:02 GMT   

Tenant at Westbourne (1807 - 1811)
I think that the 3rd Marquess Townshend - at that time Lord Chartley - was a tenant living either at Westbourne Manor or at Bridge House. He undertook considerable building work there as well as creating gardens. I am trying to trace which house it was. Any ideas gratefully received


Alex Britton   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 10:43 GMT   

Late opening
The tracks through Roding Valley were opened on 1 May 1903 by the Great Eastern Railway (GER) on its Woodford to Ilford line (the Fairlop Loop).

But the station was not opened until 3 February 1936 by the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER, successor to the GER).

Source: Roding Valley tube station - Wikipedia

Kevin Pont   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 09:52 GMT   

Roding Valley is the quietest tube station, each year transporting the same number of passengers as Waterloo does in one day.


Kevin Pont   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 09:47 GMT   

The connection with Bletchley Park
The code-breaking computer used at Bletchley Park was built in Dollis Hill.


All Hallows Church was built in 1892.
Lower Marsh Market Lower Marsh Market is in the Waterloo area of London.
The Angel The Angel was a public house in Webber Street.
The Ring The Ring was a boxing stadium which once stood on Blackfriars Road in Southwark.

America Street, SE1 America Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Anchor Terrace, SE1 Anchor Terrace is a large symmetrical building on the east side of Southwark Bridge Road, situated very close to the River Thames.
Bank End, SE1 Bank End was so-named because of the former earth banks built to protect the area against the Thames.
Bankside House, SE1 Bankside House is a block on Sumner Street.
Bankside Lofts, SE1 Bankside Lofts is a block in Southwark.
Bear Gardens, SE1 Bear Gardens is the site of a medieval pleasure ground.
Bear Lane, SE1 Bear Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Benbow House, SE1 Benbow House is a block on New Globe Walk.
Benson House, SE1 Benson House is located on Hatfields.
Black Friars Road, SE1 Black Friars Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Blackfriars Road, SE1 Blackfriars Road runs between St George’s Circus at the southern end and Blackfriars Bridge over the River Thames at the northern end, leading to the City of London.
Blue Fin Building, SE1 Blue Fin Building is a block on Southwark Street.
Brinton Walk, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Brunswick Court, SE1 Brunswick Court is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Burrell Street, SE1 Burrell Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Canvey Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Chancel Street, SE1 Chancel Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
City Bridge House, SE1 City Bridge House is a block on Southwark Street.
Clink Street, SE1 Clink Street is best known as the historic location of the Clink Prison.
Clink Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Colombo House, SE1 Colombo House is a block on Joan Street.
Colombo Street, SE1 Colombo Street was - until 1937 - called Collingwood Street.
Columbo House, SE1 Columbo House is a block on Blackfriars Road.
Cubitt House, SE1 Cubitt House is a block on Blackfriars Road.
Dolben Street, SE1 Dolben Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dorset House, SE1 Dorset House is a block on Stamford Street.
Emerson Street, SE1 Emerson Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Europoint House, SW8 Europoint House is a location in London.
Ewer Street, SE1 Ewer Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Fair Street, SE1 Fair Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Friars Bridge Court, SE1 Friars Bridge Court is located on Blackfriars Road.
Gambia Street, SE1 Gambia Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Gatehouse Square, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Grande Vitesse Industrial Centre, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Great Guildford Business Square, SE1 Great Guildford Business Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Great Guildford Street, SE1 Great Guildford Street runs north-south in Southwark.
Hatfields, SE1 The name "Hatfields" is believed to originate from a time when the area was used for drying animal skins, which were then used in various industries, including hat-making.
Holland Street, SE1 Today’s Holland Street was originally part of a street called Gravel Lane.
Hopton Street, SE1 Hopton Street was known as Green Walk until the late nineteenth century.
Horseshoe Wharf Apartments, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Invicta Plaza, SE1 Invicta Plaza is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Isabella Street, SE1 Isabella Street contains a number of restaurants which are housed in the railway arches below the London Bridge - Charing Cross railway lines.
James Forbes House, SE1 James Forbes House is a block on Great Suffolk Street.
Joan Street, SE1 Jane Street became Joan Street in 1937.
Kings Reach, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Lambert House, SE1 Lambert House is sited on Southwark Street.
Lavington Street, SE1 Lavington Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Leathermarket Street, SE1P Leathermarket Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Maiden Lane, SE1 Maiden Lane is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Metro House, SE1 Metro House can be found on Blackfriars Road.
Meymott Street, SE1 Meymott Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Milroy Walk, SE1 Milroy Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Minerva House, SE1 Minerva House is a block on Montague Close.
Montague Close, SE1 Montague Close is a street close to London Bridge.
New Globe Walk, SE1 New Globe Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Nicholson Street, SE1 Nicholson Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
O’Meara Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Old Theatre Court, SE1 Old Theatre Court is a block on Park Street.
One Blackfriars Tower, SE1 One Blackfriars Tower is a building on Upper Ground.
Paris Garden, SE1 Paris Garden is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Park Street, SE1 Park Street runs one block south of Bankside.
Perkins Square, SE1 Perkins Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Pilgrimage Street, SE1 Pilgrimage Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Porter Street, SE1 Porter Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Price’s Street, SE1 Price’s Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Red Lion Court, SE1 Red Lion Court is a building on Park Street.
Rennie Street, SE1 Rennie Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Riverside House, SE1 Riverside House is sited on Southwark Bridge Road.
Robinson Road, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rose Alley, SE1 Rose Alley is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sampson House, SE1 Sampson House is a block on Hopton Street.
Scoresby Street, SE1 Scoresby Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Soho Wharf, SE1 Soho Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Solomon Way, E1 Solomon Way is a location in London.
South Bank Tower, SE1 South Bank Tower can be found on Stamford Street.
Southwalk Street, SE1 Southwalk Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Southwark Street, SE1 Southwark Street is a major street just south of the River Thames. It runs between Blackfriars Road to the west and Borough High Street to the east.
Sumner Street, SE1 Sumner Street runs from Great Guildford Street to Southwark Bridge Road.
Thames House, SE1 Thames House can be found on Park Street.
Thames Reach, SE28 Thames Reach is a location in London.
The Blue Fin Building, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Terrace, SE1 The Terrace is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Thrale Street, SE1 Thrale Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Titan House, SE1 Titan House is a block on Southwark Street.
Victor Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Winchester Square, SE1 Winchester Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Walk, SE1 Winchester Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Zoar Street, SE1 Zoar Street is named after the former Zoar Chapel here, named for the Biblical Zoara.


The Anchor The Anchor is a pub on the south bank of the River Thames, close to Southwark Cathedral and London Bridge station.
The Ring The Ring stands on the corner of The Cut and Blackfriars Road.

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Postal area SE1
TUM image id: 1483541461
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Ayres Street
TUM image id: 1544924072
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No 37 Cheapside on the corner of Friday Street (c.1880) The ’Society for Photographing Relics of Old London’ was formed when the Oxford Arms - a traditional galleried pub - was about to be pulled down as part of the new Old Bailey development in 1875. The society subsequently campaigned to record disappearing sights, hurriedly commissioning photographs to capture buildings for posterity. Between 1875 and 1886 they produced photographic records of further buildings under threat, which were issued with descriptive text by the painter (and founder of the Society) Alfred Marks. The focus was architectural, not social; the photographs deliberately exclude signs, notices, people and traffic, to concentrate on the appearance of the bricks and mortar. Few of the streets in their images remain. This section of Friday Street was demolished after the Second World War.
Credit: Society for Photographing Relics of Old London
TUM image id: 1636543684
Elephant & Castle
TUM image id: 1683196643
Hopton’s Almshouses
TUM image id: 1513445642
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Hopton’s Almshouses, Hopton Street, Bankside (1957)

Tate Modern viewed from Thames pleasure boat (2003)
Credit: Christine Matthews
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Collingwood Street, near Blackfriars Road c1900 The street was renamed Colombo Street in 1937 by the London County Council. The weatherboarded cottages suffered severe bomb damage during the Blitz and were demolished in 1948

Gladstone Street showing Albert Terrace in the background (1977)
Credit: Ideal Homes

Hopton’s Almshouses
Licence: CC BY 2.0

"Traffic on Blackfriars Bridge" is an 1896 British short black-and-white silent actuality film, directed by Robert W. Paul, featuring top-hatted pedestrians and horse-drawn carriages passing over Blackfriars Bridge in London. The movie was, according to Michael Brooke of BFI Screenonline, "taken from the southern end looking northwards over the Thames by R.W. Paul in July 1896" and screened as part of his Alhambra Theatre programme shortly afterwards. Movie link: (198)
Credit: Robert W. Paul

Zoar Street (2020)
Credit: The Underground Map
Licence: CC BY 2.0

The Ring, Blackfriars Road, SE1 (1925) Although established as a boxing venue in 1910, the building dated from 1783 as the Surrey Congregational Chapel by the Reverend Rowland Hill - who reportedly opted for the unusual, circular design so that there would be no corners in which the devil could hide. The person responsible for overseeing the chapel’s conversion was Dick Burge, a former English middleweight champion from Cheltenham. The former place of worship was then a warehouse. Dick and his wife Bella Burge enlisted the help of local homeless people to clean out the building and transform it into a state fit for presenting boxing to the public. The Ring opened on 14 May 1910, with the Blackfriars arena soon staging events four to five times a week, and the name from the circular shape of the building. The term "boxing ring" is not derived from the name of the building, contrary to local legend, but - still from the capital - instead from the London Prize Ring Rules in 1743, which specified a small circle in the centre of the fight area where the boxers met at the start of each round. The term ’ringside seat’ dates from the 1860s.

Poured Lines, an artwork by Ian Davenport, Southwark Street, London SE1
Credit: Wiki Commons/Stephen Craven
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Peabody Square, Blackfriars Road, Bankside, c.1872
Licence: CC BY 2.0

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