British Museum

Underground station in/near Holborn, existed between the 1900s and 1933

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Underground station · Holborn · WC2B ·
October
8
2020

British Museum was a station on the Central line, located in Holborn and taking its name from the nearby British Museum in Great Russell Street.

British Museum station was opened by the Central London Railway on 30 July 1900 with an entrance at 133 High Holborn.

There had been ideas for an underground passageway between British Museum and Holborn (100 metres away and open in 1906) but tunnelling would have been complex. A proposal to enlarge the tunnels under High Holborn to create new platforms at Holborn station for the Central and to abandon the British Museum station was originally included in a private bill submitted to parliament as early as November 1913. The First World War prevented any work taking place. The works were eventually carried out as part of the modernisation of Holborn station at the beginning of the 1930s when escalators were installed. British Museum station was closed on 24 September 1933, with the new platforms at Holborn opening the following day.

British Museum station was subsequently used up to the 1960s as a military administrative office and emergency command post, but the surface station building was demolished in 1989.

The station was reputed to be haunted by the ghost of the daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh called Amen-ra which would appear and scream so loudly that the noise would carry down the tunnels to adjoining stations.




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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

Othello takes a bow
On 1 November 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello was presented for the first time, at The Palace of Whitehall. The palace was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698. Seven years to the day, Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest was also presented for the first time, and also at the Palace of Whitehall.

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Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

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Roy Batham   
Added: 7 Jan 2022 07:17 GMT   

Smithy in Longacre
John Burris 1802-1848 Listed 1841 census as Burroughs was a blacksmith, address just given as Longacre.

Source: Batham/Wiseman - Family Tree

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Reg Carr   
Added: 10 Feb 2021 12:11 GMT   

Campbellite Meeting
In 1848 the Campbellites (Disciples of Christ) met in Elstree Street, where their congregation was presided over by a pastor named John Black. Their appointed evangelist at the time was called David King, who later became the Editor of the British Millennial Harbinger. The meeting room was visited in July 1848 by Dr John Thomas, who spoke there twice on his two-year ’mission’ to Britain.

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Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a “Direct Grant” grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now “Owen’s Fields” was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as “Dames Alice Owen’s School” or simply “DAOS”). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ “knowledge” school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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Scott Hatton   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 19:47 GMT   

Millions Of Rats In Busy London
The Daily Mail on 14 April 1903 reported "MILLIONS OF RATS IN BUSY LONDON"

A rat plague, unprecedented in the annals of London, has broken out on the north side of the Strand. The streets principally infested are Catherine street, Drury lane, Blackmore street, Clare Market and Russell street. Something akin to a reign of terror prevails among the inhabitants after nightfall. Women refuse to pass along Blackmore street and the lower parts of Stanhope street after dusk, for droves of rats perambulate the roadways and pavements, and may be seen running along the window ledges of the empty houses awaiting demolition by the County Council in the Strand to Holborn improvement scheme.

The rats, indeed, have appeared in almost-incredible numbers. "There are millions of them," said one shopkeeper, and his statement was supported by other residents. The unwelcome visitors have been evicted from their old haunts by the County Council housebreakers, and are now busily in search of new homes. The Gaiety Restaurant has been the greatest sufferer. Rats have invaded the premises in such force that the managers have had to close the large dining room on the first floor and the grill rooms on the ground floor and in the basement. Those three spacious halls which have witnessed many as semblages of theatre-goers are now qui:e deserted. Behind the wainscot of the bandstand in the grillroom is a large mound of linen shreds. This represents 1728 serviettes carried theee by the rats.

In the bar the removal of a panel disclosed the astonishing fact that the rats have dragged for a distance of seven or eight yards some thirty or forty beer and wine bottles and stacked them in such a fashion as to make comfortable sleeping places. Mr Williams. the manager of the restaurant, estimates that the rats have destroyed L200 worth of linen. Formerly the Gaiety Restaurant dined 2000 persons daily; no business whatever is now done in this direction.

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Bruce McTavish   
Added: 11 Mar 2021 11:37 GMT   

Kennington Road
Lambeth North station was opened as Kennington Road and then Westminster Bridge Road before settling on its final name. It has a wonderful Leslie Green design.

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MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Lived here
Julian    
Added: 23 Mar 2021 10:11 GMT   

Dennis Potter
Author Dennis Potter lived in Collingwood House in the 1970’s

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Comment
Jessie Doring   
Added: 22 Feb 2021 04:33 GMT   

Tisbury Court Jazz Bar
Jazz Bar opened in Tisbury Court by 2 Australians. Situated in underground basement. Can not remember how long it opened for.

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Tom   
Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

Blackfriars
What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

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Lived here
Richard Roques   
Added: 21 Jan 2021 16:53 GMT   

Buckingham Street residents
Here in Buckingham Street lived Samuel Pepys the diarist, Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling

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Jude Allen   
Added: 29 Jul 2021 07:53 GMT   

Bra top
I jave a jewelled item of clothong worn by a revie girl.
It is red with diamante straps. Inside it jas a label Bermans Revue 16 Orange Street but I cannot find any info online about the revue only that 16 Orange Street used to be a theatre. Does any one know about the revue. I would be intesrested to imagine the wearer of the article and her London life.

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Lena    
Added: 18 Mar 2021 13:08 GMT   

White Conduit Street, N1
My mum, Rosina Wade of the Wade and Hannam family in the area of Chapel Street and Parkfield Street, bought her first “costume” at S Cohen’s in White Conduit Street. Would have probably been about 1936 or thereabouts. She said that he was a small man but an expert tailor. I hope that Islington Council preserve the shop front as it’s a piece of history of the area. Mum used to get her high heel shoes from an Italian shoe shop in Chapel Street. She had size 2 feet and they would let her know when a new consignment of size 2 shoes were in. I think she was a very good customer. She worked at Killingbacks artificial flower maker in Northampton Square and later at the Halifax bombers factory north of Edgware where she was a riveter.

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Born here
sam   
Added: 31 Dec 2021 00:54 GMT   

Burdett Street, SE1
I was on 2nd July 1952, in Burdett chambers (which is also known as Burdett buildings)on Burdett street

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
Katharina Logan   
Added: 9 Aug 2022 19:01 GMT   

Ely place existed in name in 1857
On 7th July 1857 John James Chase and Mary Ann Weekes were married at St John the Baptist Hoxton, he of full age and she a minor. Both parties list their place of residence as Ely Place, yet according to other information, this street was not named until 1861. He was a bricklayer, she had no occupation listed, but both were literate and able to sign their names on their marriage certificate.

Source: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSF7-Q9Y7?cc=3734475

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Reginald John Gregory   
Added: 8 Aug 2022 14:07 GMT   

Worked in the vicinity of my ancestor’s house,
Between the years 1982-1998 (unknown to me at the time) I worked in an office close to the site of my ancestors cottage. I discovered this when researching family history - the cottage was mentioned in the 1871 census for Colindeep Lane/Ancient Street coming up from the Hyde. The family lived in the ares betwen 1805 and 1912.

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Barry J. Page   
Added: 27 Jul 2022 19:41 GMT   

Highbury Corner V1 Explosion
Grandma described the V1 explosion at Highbury Corner on many occasions. She was working in the scullery when the flying bomb landed. The blast shattered all the windows in the block of flats and blew off the bolt on her front door. As she looked out the front room window, people in various states of injury and shock were making their way along Highbury Station Road. One man in particular, who was bleeding profusely from glass shard wounds to his neck, insisted in getting home to see if his family was all right. Others were less fortunate. Len, the local newsagent, comforted a man, who had lost both legs caused by the blast, until the victim succumbed to his injuries. The entire area was ravaged and following are statistics. The flying bomb landed during lunch hour (12:46 p.m.) on June 27th 1944. 26 people lost their lives, 84 were seriously injured and 71 slightly injured.

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ANON   
Added: 20 Jul 2022 13:36 GMT   

The Square & Ashmore park
The Square and Ashmore park was the place to be 2000-2005. Those were the greatest times on the estate. everyday people were playing out. the park was full of kids just being kids and having fun, now everyone is grown up and only bump into eachother when heading to the shops or work. I miss the good days( Im 25yrs old as im writing this)

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Spotted here
   
Added: 18 Jul 2022 13:56 GMT   

Map of Thornsett Road Esrlsfield


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Born here
Carolyn Hirst   
Added: 16 Jul 2022 15:21 GMT   

Henry James Hirst
My second great grandfather Henry James Hirst was born at 18 New Road on 11 February 1861. He was the eighth of the eleven children of Rowland and Isabella Hirst. I think that this part of New Road was also known at the time as Gloucester Terrace.

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Lived here
Richard   
Added: 12 Jul 2022 21:36 GMT   

Elgin Crescent, W11
Richard Laitner (1955-1983), a barrister training to be a doctor at UCL, lived here in 1983. He was murdered aged 28 with both his parents after attending his sister’s wedding in Sheffield in 1983. The Richard Laitner Memorial Fund maintains bursaries in his memory at UCL Medical School

Source: Ancestry Library Edition

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Anthony Mckay   
Added: 11 Jul 2022 00:12 GMT   

Bankfield Cottages, Ass House Lane, Harrow Weald
Bankfield Cottages (now demolished) at the end of Ass House Lane, appear twice in ’The Cheaters’ televison series (made 1960) in the episodes ’The Fine Print’ and ’Tine to Kill’

Source: THE CHEATERS: Episode Index

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
British Museum British Museum was a station on the Central line, located in Holborn and taking its name from the nearby British Museum in Great Russell Street.
Houghton Street (1906) A greengrocer’s on the corner of Houghton Street and Clare Market (behind The Strand) in 1906 just before demolition.
Lisle’s Tennis Court Lisle’s Tennis Court was a building off Portugal Street in Lincoln’s Inn Fields in London.
St Giles St Giles is a district of central London, at the southern tip of the London Borough of Camden.
The 1860s map of London "Stanford’s Library Map of London and its Suburbs" was published in 1862
Weston’s Music Hall Weston’s Music Hall was a music hall and theatre that opened in 1857. In 1906, the theatre became known as the Holborn Empire.

NEARBY STREETS
Adeline Place, WC1B Adeline Place was named after Adeline Marie Russell.
Africa House, WC2A Residential block
Andrew Borde Street, W1D Andrew Borde Street was situated opposite the end of Sutton Row and under the Centre Point development.
Arne Street, WC2E Arne Street was named after the 18th century composer Thomas Arne, who was born near here.
Atkin Building, WC1R Atkin Building is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Bainbridge Street, WC2H Bainbridge Street takes its name from Henry Bainbridge, a local resident in the 17th century.
Barter Street, WC1A Barter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Beaumont Buildings, WC2E Beaumont Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Bedford Avenue, WC1B Bedford Avenue is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Place, WC1B Bedford Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Row, WC1R Bedford Row runs between Theobalds Road and Sandland Street.
Bedford Square, WC1B Bedford Square was designed as a unified architectural composition in 1775-6 by Thomas Leverton.
Betterton Street, WC2E Betterton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1B The name of Bloomsbury Place is derived from William Blemund.
Bloomsbury Square, WC1A The 4th Earl of Southampton was granted a building license for the construction of Bloomsbury Square in 1661.
Bloomsbury Street, WC1A Bloomsbury Street runs from Gower Street in the north to the junction of New Oxford Street and Shaftesbury Avenue in the south.
Bloomsbury Way, WC1A Bloomsbury Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1N Boswell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Bow Street, WC2B Bow Street was built in the shape of a bow between 1633 and 1677.
Bristol House, WC1B Residential block
Broad Court, WC2B Broad Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Bucknall Street, WC2H Bucknall Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Bury Place, WC1A Bury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Castlewood House, WC1A Residential block
Catton Street, WC2B Catton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Centre Point, WC2H Centre Point is a controversial 1960s-built tower block.
Clare Market, WC2A Clare Market is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Clement’s Inn, WC2R Clement’s Inn is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Coptic Street, WC2H Coptic Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Cosmo Place, WC1B Cosmo Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Crown Court, WC2E Crown Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Crystal Wharf, WC2B A street within the WC2B postcode
Dane Street, WC1R Dane Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Denmark Place, WC2H Denmark Place was an alleyway one block north of Denmark Street.
Denmark Street, WC2H Denmark Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Dombey Street, WC1N Dombey Street is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Drury Lane, WC2B Drury Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Dryden Street, WC2B Dryden Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Dudley Court, WC2H Dudley Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Dyott Street, WC1A Dyott Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Eagle Street, WC1R Eagle Street runs parallel to High Holborn, one block north.
Earlham Street, WC2H Earlham Street is one of the spokes leading off of Seven Dials.
Earnshaw Street, WC2H Earnshaw Street was at first called Arthur Street.
Emerald Street, WC1N Emerald Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Endell Street, WC2H Endell Street, originally known as Belton Street, is a street that runs from High Holborn in the north to Long Acre and Bow Street in the south.
Excel Court, WC2H Excel Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Field Court, WC1R Field Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Fisher Street, WC1R Fisher Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Flichcroft Street, WC2H Flichcroft Street is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Flitcroft Street, WC2H Flitcroft Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Galen Place, WC1A Galen Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gate Street, WC2A Gate Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Gilbert Place, WC1A Gilbert Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gloucester Road, WC1N Gloucester Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Grape Street, WC2H Grape Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Great James Street, WC1N Great James Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Queen Street, WC2B Great Queen Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Great Russell Street, WC1A Great Russell Street commemorates the marriage of the daughter of the 4th Earl of Southampton to William Russell in 1669.
Great Turnstile, WC1V This is a street in the WC1V postcode area
Hand Court, WC1R Hand Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
High Holborn, WC1V High Holborn was part of the old road from Newgate and the Tower to the gallows at Tyburn.
High Holborn, WC2B High Holborn is a road which is the highest point in the City of London - 22 metres above sea level.
High Holborn, WC2B High Holborn is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Hog Lane, WC2H Hog Lane was a lane that went from St Giles’ leper hospital (set up in the 12th century) to the monument to Eleanor at Charing Cross.
Houghton Square, WC2B Houghton Square is a road in the SW9 postcode area
Houghton Street, WC2A Houghton Street is a street which has been ’demoted’ over time.
Jockeys Fields, WC1R Jockeys Fields is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Kean Street, WC2B Kean Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Keeley Street, WC2B Keeley Street has a dual history
Kemble Street, WC2B Kemble Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Keppel Street, WC1E Keppel Street links Store Street and Gower Street in the west to Malet Street in the east.
Kingsgate Est, WC1B A street within the WC1B postcode
Kingsgate Street, WC1R Kingsgate Street ran from High Holborn to Theobald’s Road.
Kingsway, WC2A Kingsway is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Kingsway, WC2B This is a street in the WC2A postcode area
Lamb’s Conduit Passage, WC1R This is a street in the WC1R postcode area
Lincoln’s Inn Fields, WC2A Lincoln’s Inn Fields is the largest public square in London, laid out in the 1630s under the initiative of the speculative builder William Newton.
Lion Court, WC1R Lion Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Little Compton Street, W1D Little Compton Street was a street in Soho.
Little Russel Street, WC1A Little Russel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Russell Street, WC1A Little Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Turnstile, WC2A Little Turnstile is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Macklin Street, WC2B Macklin Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Malet Street, WC1E Sir Edward Malet was married to Lady Ermyntrude Sackville Russell, daughter of Francis Russell who owned much of the surrounding area.
Martlett Court, WC2E Martlett Court is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Mercer Street, WC2H Mercer Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Monmouth Street, WC2H Monmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Montague Place, WC1E Montague Place was developed in the decade after 1800.
Montague Street, WC1B Montague Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Museum Street, WC1A Museum Street is so-named since it approaches the main entrance of the British Museum.
Neal Street, WC2H Neal Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Neals Yard, WC2H Neals Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
New Compton Street, WC2H New Compton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
New North Street, WC1N New North Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
New Oxford Street, WC1A New Oxford Street was built in 1840 to ease congestion in St Giles High Street.
New Oxford Street, WC2H New Oxford Street is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Newton Street, WC1V Newton Street is named for Isaac Newton, scientist and mathematician.
Nottingham Court, WC2H Nottingham Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Odhams Walk, WC2H Odhams Walk is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Old Glocester Street, WC1N Old Glocester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Gloucester Street, WC1N Old Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glouster Street, WC1N Old Glouster Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Orange Street, WC1R Orange Street disappeared from the map to be replaced by St Martin’s College of Art (now Central Saint Martins).
Ormond Close, WC1N Ormond Close is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Parker Mews, WC2B Parker Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Parker Street, WC2B Parker Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Phoenix Street, WC2H Phoenix Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Pied Bull Court, WC1A Pied Bull Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Pied Bull Yard, WC1A Pied Bull Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Portsmouth Street, WC2A Portsmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Portugal Street, WC2A Portugal Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Princeton Street, WC1R Princeton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Procter Street, WC1V Procter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Proctor Street, WC1V Proctor Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Queen Square, WC1N Queen Square was laid out by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Raymond Buildings, WC1R Raymond Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Red Lion Square, WC1R Red Lion Square was built from the late 1680s by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Red Lion Street, WC1R Red Lion Street connects High Holborn with Theobalds Road.
Richbell Place, WC1N Richbell Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Russell Square, WC1B Russell Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Sandland Street, WC1R Sandland Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Sardinia House, WC2A Sardinia House can be found on Lincoln’s Inn Fields
Sardinia Street, WC2A Sardinia Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Sardinia Street, WC2B Sardinia Street, formerly Duke Street, was a street that ran from Prince’s Street in the south to the western side of Lincoln’s Inn Fields in the north.
Serle Street, WC2A Serle Street is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Seven Dials, WC2H Seven Dials was built on the site of the Cock-and-Pie Fields, named for a nearby inn.
Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2H Shaftesbury Avenue was named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, Victorian politician and philanthropist.
Sheffield Street, WC2A Sheffield Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Shelton Street, WC2E Shelton Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Shelton Street, WC2H Shelton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Shorts Gardens, WC2H Shorts Gardens is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Sicilian Avenue, WC1V Sicilian Avenue is a shopping parade that diagonally runs in between Southampton Row and Bloomsbury Way.
Sounding Alley, WC2H Sounding Alley is a road in the E3 postcode area
Southampton Place, WC1A Southampton Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1B Southampton Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1V Southampton Row is a road in the WC1V postcode area
St Clement’s Passage, WC2A St Clement’s Passage is a road in the WC2A postcode area
St Clements Lane, WC2A St Clements Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
St Giles High Street, WC2H St Giles High Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
St Giles House, WC2B Residential block
St Giles Square, WC2H St Giles Square is a modern piazza-style development.
St. Giles Square, WC2H St. Giles Square is a location in London.
Stacey Street, WC2H Stacey Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Stedham Place, WC2H Stedham Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Streatham Street, WC1A Streatham Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Stukeley Street, WC2B Stukeley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
The Arcade, WC2B The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Theobald’s Road, WC1N Theobald’s Road is a road in the WC1R postcode area
Theobalds Road, WC1N Theobalds Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Thomas Neal Centre, WC2H Thomas Neal Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Tybalds Close, WC1N Tybalds Close is a location in London.
Verulam Buildings, WC1R Verulam Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Victoria House, WC1B Residential block
West Central Street, WC2H West Central Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Whetstone Park, WC2A Whetstone Park is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Wild Court, WC2B Wild Court leads west from the Kingsway.
Wild Street, WC2B Wild Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Willoughby Street, WC1B Willoughby Street was formerly known as both Vine Street and Wooburn Street.
Yorkshire Grey Yard, WC1V Yorkshire Grey Yard lies off of Eagle Street, WC1

NEARBY PUBS
All Bar One Holborn This is a bar which was still existing in 2018.
Apartment 58 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bar Termini This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bloomsbury Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Circus (restaurant) Circus is a restaurant on Endell Street.
George Birkbeck Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Hercules Pillar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Hudsons House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Kopapa This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Molly Moggs Ale & Pie House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Museum Inn/Astor Museum This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Museum Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
My Old Dutch This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Penderel’s Oak This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Philomena’s This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Princess Louise This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Salsa! This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Secrets This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Sway This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Angel This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bountiful Cow This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Cambridge Theatre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Dolphin This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Enterprise This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The London Cocktail Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Montague on the Gardens This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Nick This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Red Lion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Plough This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Polish Bar (Na Zdrowie) This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Queens Larder This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Ship Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Square Pig This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Sun This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Swan This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Truckles Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Unknown as yet This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Unknown as yet This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White Hart This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Holborn

Hol^born is both an area and also the name of the area’s principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles’s High Street and Gray’s Inn Road and then Hol^born Viaduct between Hol^born Circus and Newgate Street.

The area’s first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey, by King Edgar, dated to 959. This mentions ’the old wooden church of St Andrew’ (St Andrew, Hol^born). The name Holborn may be derived from the Middle English hol for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet as it ran through a steep valley to the east.

It was at first outside the City’s jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London from 1223, when the City’s jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars where erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival’s Inn, on the northern side.

The Holborn District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place, St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn District and the St Giles District, excluding Glasshouse Yard and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London Borough of Camden.

In the 18th century, Holborn was the location of the infamous Mother Clap’s molly house but in the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues to suit more general tastes: 22 inns or taverns were recorded in the 1860s and the Holborn Empire, originally Weston’s Music Hall, stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz. The theatre premièred the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil, a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour.

Charles Dickens took up residence in Furnival’s Inn, on the site of the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse now named Holborn Bars. Dickens put his character Pip, in Great Expectations, in residence at Barnard’s Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College. Staple Inn, notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn tobacco, is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery. The most northerly of the Inns of Court, Gray’s Inn, is in Holborn, as is Lincoln’s Inn: the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) still reflects that. Subsequently the area diversified and become recognisable as the modern street.

A plaque stands at number 120 commemorating Thomas Earnshaw’s invention of the Marine chronometer, which facilitated long-distance travel. At the corner of Hatton Garden was the old family department store of Gamages. Until 1992, the London Weather Centre was located in the street. The Prudential insurance company relocated in 2002. The Daily Mirror offices used to be directly opposite it, but the site is now occupied by Sainsbury’s head office.

Hatton Garden, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir Christopher Hatton at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr.

In the early 21st century, Holborn has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into an hotel in 1999.

Holborn station is located at the junction of High Holborn and Kingsway. Situated on the Piccadilly and Central Lines, it is the only station common to the two lines, although the two lines also cross each other three times in West London.

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) on 15 December 1906 with the name Holborn (Kingsway). Kingsway was a new road, cutting south from High Holborn through an area of cleared slums to Strand. The suffix was dropped from tube maps in the 1960s.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Waterloo Bridge on an 1810 map.
TUM image id: 1556885410
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Tottenham Court Road (1927)
TUM image id: 1556973109
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The Royal Opera House, Bow Street frontage, with the statue of Dame Ninette de Valois in the foreground
Credit: Russ London
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London Hippodrome in 2017
Credit: Ethan Doyle White
Licence: CC BY 2.0


William Davenant had Lisle
Credit: Henry Herringman, London, 1673
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Cecil Court after heavy rain
Credit: Christian Cross
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Doughty Street is a broad tree lined street in the Holborn district.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


View of Seven Dials, looking up Little Earl Street - now part of Earlham Street - in 1896
Old London postcard
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Endell Street towards Long Acre, 2015
Credit: Philafrenzy
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Newport Court streetsign
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Red Lion Street c. 1900, looking north to Javens Chambers and Clerkenwell Road
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Cab shelter, Russell Square
Credit: The Underground Map
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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