The Enterprise

Pub/bar in/near Holborn

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Pub/bar · Holborn · WC1R ·
JUNE
21
2018

This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.

If you know the current status of this business, please comment.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

Othello takes a bow
On 1 November 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello was presented for the first time, at The Palace of Whitehall. The palace was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698. Seven years to the day, Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest was also presented for the first time, and also at the Palace of Whitehall.

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Comment
Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

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Reg Carr   
Added: 10 Feb 2021 12:11 GMT   

Campbellite Meeting
In 1848 the Campbellites (Disciples of Christ) met in Elstree Street, where their congregation was presided over by a pastor named John Black. Their appointed evangelist at the time was called David King, who later became the Editor of the British Millennial Harbinger. The meeting room was visited in July 1848 by Dr John Thomas, who spoke there twice on his two-year ’mission’ to Britain.

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Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a ’Direct Grant’ grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now ’Owen’s Fields’ was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as ’Dames Alice Owen’s School’ or simply ’DAOS’). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ ’knowledge’ school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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Scott Hatton   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 19:47 GMT   

Millions Of Rats In Busy London
The Daily Mail on 14 April 1903 reported "MILLIONS OF RATS IN BUSY LONDON"

A rat plague, unprecedented in the annals of London, has broken out on the north side of the Strand. The streets principally infested are Catherine street, Drury lane, Blackmore street, Clare Market and Russell street. Something akin to a reign of terror prevails among the inhabitants after nightfall. Women refuse to pass along Blackmore street and the lower parts of Stanhope street after dusk, for droves of rats perambulate the roadways and pavements, and may be seen running along the window ledges of the empty houses awaiting demolition by the County Council in the Strand to Holborn improvement scheme.

The rats, indeed, have appeared in almost-incredible numbers. "There are millions of them," said one shopkeeper, and his statement was supported by other residents. The unwelcome visitors have been evicted from their old haunts by the County Council housebreakers, and are now busily in search of new homes. The Gaiety Restaurant has been the greatest sufferer. Rats have invaded the premises in such force that the managers have had to close the large dining room on the first floor and the grill rooms on the ground floor and in the basement. Those three spacious halls which have witnessed many as semblages of theatre-goers are now qui:e deserted. Behind the wainscot of the bandstand in the grillroom is a large mound of linen shreds. This represents 1728 serviettes carried theee by the rats.

In the bar the removal of a panel disclosed the astonishing fact that the rats have dragged for a distance of seven or eight yards some thirty or forty beer and wine bottles and stacked them in such a fashion as to make comfortable sleeping places. Mr Williams. the manager of the restaurant, estimates that the rats have destroyed L200 worth of linen. Formerly the Gaiety Restaurant dined 2000 persons daily; no business whatever is now done in this direction.

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Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Jessie Doring   
Added: 22 Feb 2021 04:33 GMT   

Tisbury Court Jazz Bar
Jazz Bar opened in Tisbury Court by 2 Australians. Situated in underground basement. Can not remember how long it opened for.

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Tom   
Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

Blackfriars
What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

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Lived here
Richard Roques   
Added: 21 Jan 2021 16:53 GMT   

Buckingham Street residents
Here in Buckingham Street lived Samuel Pepys the diarist, Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling

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Comment
Jude Allen   
Added: 29 Jul 2021 07:53 GMT   

Bra top
I jave a jewelled item of clothong worn by a revie girl.
It is red with diamante straps. Inside it jas a label Bermans Revue 16 Orange Street but I cannot find any info online about the revue only that 16 Orange Street used to be a theatre. Does any one know about the revue. I would be intesrested to imagine the wearer of the article and her London life.

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Lena    
Added: 18 Mar 2021 13:08 GMT   

White Conduit Street, N1
My mum, Rosina Wade of the Wade and Hannam family in the area of Chapel Street and Parkfield Street, bought her first ’costume’ at S Cohen’s in White Conduit Street. Would have probably been about 1936 or thereabouts. She said that he was a small man but an expert tailor. I hope that Islington Council preserve the shop front as it’s a piece of history of the area. Mum used to get her high heel shoes from an Italian shoe shop in Chapel Street. She had size 2 feet and they would let her know when a new consignment of size 2 shoes were in. I think she was a very good customer. She worked at Killingbacks artificial flower maker in Northampton Square and later at the Halifax bombers factory north of Edgware where she was a riveter.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
John Neill   
Added: 25 Nov 2021 11:30 GMT   

Sandringham Road, E10 (1937 - 1966)
I lived at No. 61 with my parents during these years. I went to Canterbury Road school (now Barclay Primary) and sang as a boy soprano (treble) in the church choir at St Andrew’s church, on the corner of Forest Glade.
Opposite us lived the Burgess family. Their son Russell also sang in my choir as a tenor. He later became a well-known musician and the choirmaster at Wandsworth Boys’ School.
Just at the end of WW2 a German rocket (V2) landed in the grounds of Whipps Cross Hospital, damaging many of the houses in Sandringham Road, including ours.

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Comment
Tim Stevenson   
Added: 16 Nov 2021 18:03 GMT   

Pub still open
The Bohemia survived the 2020/21 lockdowns and is still a thriving local social resource.

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Comment
STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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Sir Walter Besant   
Added: 11 Nov 2021 18:47 GMT   

Sir Walter adds....
All the ground facing Wirtemberg Street at Chip and Cross Streets is being levelled for building and the old houses are disappearing fast. The small streets leading through into little Manor Street are very clean and tenanted by poor though respectable people, but little Manor Street is dirty, small, and narrow. Manor Street to Larkhall Rise is a wide fairly clean thoroughfare of mixed shops and houses which improves towards the north. The same may be said of Wirtemberg Street, which commences poorly, but from the Board School north is far better than at the Clapham end.

Source: London: South of the Thames - Chapter XX by Sir Walter Besant (1912)

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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tom   
Added: 3 Nov 2021 05:16 GMT   

I met
someone here 6 years ago

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Comment
Fion Anderson   
Added: 2 Nov 2021 12:55 GMT   

Elstree not Borehamwood
Home of the UK film industry

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
British Museum British Museum was a station on the Central line, located in Holborn and taking its name from the nearby British Museum in Great Russell Street.
Horse Hospital Built as stabling for cabby’s sick horses, The Horse Hospital is now a unique Grade II listed arts venue in Bloomsbury WC1
Russell Square Russell Square station, now on London’s Piccadilly Line, was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906.
Staple Inn Staple Inn is London’s only surviving sixteenth-century domestic building, situated on the south side of High Holborn.
Weston’s Music Hall Weston’s Music Hall was a music hall and theatre that opened in 1857. In 1906, the theatre became known as the Holborn Empire.

NEARBY STREETS
Africa House, WC2A Residential block
Atkin Building, WC1R Atkin Building is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Back Hill, EC1N Back Hill is simply named as it lies off (or to the ’back’) of a main road.
Baker’s Yard, EC1R Baker’s Yard leads off Bakers Row.
Baker’s Row, EC1R Bakers Row was named after Richard Baker, a local 18th century carpenter.
Baldwins Gardens, EC1N Baldwin Gardens runs between Gray’s Inn Road and Leather Lane.
Barbon Close, WC1N Barbon Close lies off Great Ormond Street.
Barnard’s Inn, EC4A Barnard’s Inn lies near Holborn Circus.
Barter Street, WC1A Barter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Bedford Place, WC1B Bedford Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Row, WC1R Bedford Row runs between Theobalds Road and Sandland Street.
Bernard Street, WC1N Bernard Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1B The name of Bloomsbury Place is derived from William Blemund.
Bloomsbury Square, WC1A The 4th Earl of Southampton was granted a building license for the construction of Bloomsbury Square in 1661.
Bloomsbury Way, WC1A Bloomsbury Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1N Boswell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Bristol House, WC1B Residential block
Brooke Street, EC1N Brooke Street runs north off of Holborn.
Brownlow Mews, WC1N Brownlow Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Brunswick Centre, WC1N The Brunswick Centre is a grade II listed residential and shopping centre in Bloomsbury.
Brunswick Shopping Centre, WC1N Brunswick Shopping Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Brunswick Square, WC1N Brunswick Square is the result of a sale of land by the Foundling Hospital.
Bury Place, WC1A Bury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Catton Street, WC2B Catton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Clerkenwell Road, EC1R Clerkenwell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Cockpit Yard, WC1X Cockpit Yard leads off Northington Street.
Coldbath Square, EC1R Coldbath Square was named after a well of cold water that stood here alone in surrounding fields.
Colonnade, WC1N Colonnade is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Cosmo Place, WC1B Cosmo Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Cursitor Street, EC4A Cursitor Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Dane Street, WC1R Dane Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Dombey Street, WC1N Dombey Street is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Doughty Mews, WC1N Doughty Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Doughty Street, WC1N Doughty Street is a broad tree lined street in the Holborn district.
Dyer’s Buildings, EC1N This is a street in the EC1N postcode area
Eagle Street, WC1R Eagle Street runs parallel to High Holborn, one block north.
Elm Street, WC1X Elm Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Emerald Street, WC1N Emerald Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Eyre Street Hill, EC1R Eyre Street Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Field Court, WC1R Field Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Fisher Street, WC1R Fisher Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Foundling Court, WC1N Foundling Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Fulwood Place, WC1R Fulwood Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Furnival Street, EC4A Furnival Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Galen Place, WC1A Galen Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gate Street, WC2A Gate Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Gilbert Place, WC1A Gilbert Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gloucester Road, WC1N Gloucester Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Gravel Street, EC1N Gravel Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Grays Inn Place, WC1R Grays Inn Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Grays Inn Square Chambers, WC1R Grays Inn Square Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Grays Inn Square, WC1R Grays Inn Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Great James Street, WC1N Great James Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Ormond Street, WC1N Great Ormond Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Russell Street, WC1A Great Russell Street commemorates the marriage of the daughter of the 4th Earl of Southampton to William Russell in 1669.
Great Turnstile, WC1V This is a street in the WC1V postcode area
Grenville Street, WC1N Grenville Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Guilford Street, WC1B Guilford Street is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Guilford Street, WC1N Guilford Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Hand Court, WC1R Hand Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Herbrand Street, WC1N Herbrand Street is in the east of Bloomsbury, running south from Tavistock Place to Guilford Street.
High Holborn, WC1V High Holborn was part of the old road from Newgate and the Tower to the gallows at Tyburn.
High Holborn, WC2B High Holborn is a road which is the highest point in the City of London - 22 metres above sea level.
High Holborn, WC2B High Holborn is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Holsworthy Square, WC1X This is a street in the WC1X postcode area
Jockeys Fields, WC1R Jockeys Fields is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
John Street, WC1N John Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Johns Mews, WC1N Johns Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Kings Mews, WC1X Kings Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Kingsgate Est, WC1B A street within the WC1B postcode
Kingsgate Street, WC1R Kingsgate Street ran from High Holborn to Theobald’s Road.
Kirk Street, WC1N Kirk Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lamb’s Conduit Passage, WC1R This is a street in the WC1R postcode area
Lamb’s Conduit Street, WC1N This is a street in the WC1N postcode area
Lamb’s Mews, WC1N Lamb’s Mews is a road in the N1 postcode area
Lamp Office Court, WC1N Lamp Office Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Laystall Street, EC1R Laystall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Leather Lane, EC1N Leather Lane is a street one block west of Hatton Garden, in the Holborn area of London.
Lincoln’s Inn Fields, WC2A Lincoln’s Inn Fields is the largest public square in London, laid out in the 1630s under the initiative of the speculative builder William Newton.
Lion Court, WC1R Lion Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Little Guildford Street, WC1N Little Guildford Street was the middle part of what is now Herbrand Street, between Great Coram Street and Bernard Street, on the western edge of the Foundling estate.
Little Russel Street, WC1A Little Russel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Russell Street, WC1A Little Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Turnstile, WC2A Little Turnstile is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
London Silver Vaults, WC1V London Silver Vaults is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Long Yard, WC1N Long Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Makers Yard, E3 Makers Yard is a location in London.
Millman Place, WC1N Millman Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Millman Street, WC1N Millman Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Mount Pleasant, EC1R Mount Pleasant gained its ironic name in the 1730s after locals had begun to dump refuse there.
Mount Plesant, EC1R Mount Plesant is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Neals Yard, WC1N Neals Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
New North Street, WC1N New North Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
New Oxford Street, WC1A New Oxford Street was built in 1840 to ease congestion in St Giles High Street.
Newton Street, WC1V Newton Street is named for Isaac Newton, scientist and mathematician.
North Mews, WC1N North Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Northington Street, WC1N Northington Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Norwich Street, EC4A Norwich Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Old Buildings, WC2A Old Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Old Glocester Street, WC1N Old Glocester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Gloucester Street, WC1N Old Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glouster Street, WC1N Old Glouster Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Square, WC2A Old Square is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Orange Street, WC1R Orange Street disappeared from the map to be replaced by St Martin’s College of Art (now Central Saint Martins).
Orde Hall Street, WC1N Orde Hall Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Ormond Close, WC1N Ormond Close is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Pied Bull Court, WC1A Pied Bull Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Pied Bull Yard, WC1A Pied Bull Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Pooles Buildings, WC1X Pooles Buildings is a road in the EC1R postcode area
Portpool Lane, EC1N Portpool Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Powis Place, WC1N Powis Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Princeton Street, WC1R Princeton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Procter Street, WC1V Procter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Proctor Street, WC1V Proctor Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Quality Court, WC2A Quality Court is a courtyard, built around 1700.
Queen Annes Square, WC1N Queen Annes Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Queen Square, WC1N Queen Square was laid out by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Raymond Buildings, WC1R Raymond Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Red Lion Square, WC1R Red Lion Square was built from the late 1680s by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Red Lion Street, WC1R Red Lion Street connects High Holborn with Theobalds Road.
Regent Square, WC1N Regent Square is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Richbell Place, WC1N Richbell Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Roger Street, WC1N Roger Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Rosebery Court, EC1R Rosebery Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Rugby Chambers, WC1N Rugby Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Rugby Street, WC1N Rugby Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Sandland Street, WC1R Sandland Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Sardinia House, WC2A Residential block
Sicilian Avenue, WC1V Sicilian Avenue is a shopping parade that diagonally runs in between Southampton Row and Bloomsbury Way.
Silver Vaults, WC1V Silver Vaults is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
South Square, WC1X South Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Southampton Buildings, WC2A Southampton Buildings marks the site of the house of the 4th Earl of Southampton, son of Shakespeare’s patron.
Southampton Place, WC1A Southampton Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1B Southampton Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1V Southampton Row is a road in the WC1V postcode area
Staple Inn Buildings North, WC1X Staple Inn Buildings North is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Staple Inn Buildings, WC1V Staple Inn Buildings is part of historic Staple Inn.
Staple Inn Buildings, WC1X Staple Inn Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Stone Buildings, WC2A Stone Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Stukeley Street, WC2B Stukeley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Summers Street, EC1N Summers Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Theobald’s Road, WC1N Theobald’s Road is a road in the WC1R postcode area
Theobalds Road, WC1N Theobalds Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Took’s Court, EC4A Took’s Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Topham Street, EC1R Topham Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Tybalds Close, WC1N Tybalds Close is a location in London.
Verulam Buildings, WC1R Verulam Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Verulam Street, WC1X Verulam Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Victoria House, WC1B Residential block
Vine Hill, EC1R Vine Hill now displays no evidence on the vines that once flourished in the grounds on which it stands.
Warner Street, EC1R Warner Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Warner Yard, EC1R Warner Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Warwick Court, WC1R Warwick Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Waterhouse Square, EC1N Waterhouse Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Whetstone Park, WC2A Whetstone Park is a road in the WC2A postcode area
White Bear Yard, EC1R White Bear Yard is location of London.
Yorkshire Grey Yard, WC1V Yorkshire Grey Yard lies off of Eagle Street, WC1

NEARBY PUBS
All Bar One Holborn This is a bar which was still existing in 2018.
Brookes Brother Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Callaghans This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
City of York This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Clerkenwell house This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Craft Beer Company This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Grand Union This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Inn of Court This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Museum Inn/Astor Museum This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
My Old Dutch This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Night and Day Bar Imperial Hotel This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Penderel’s Oak This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Princess Louise This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Secrets This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Secrets This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Apple Tree This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Blue Lion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bountiful Cow This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Dolphin This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Duke of York This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Griffin This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Home Park This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hon. Soc. Of Gray’s Inn This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Lady Ottoline This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Lamb This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Nick This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Red Lion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Perseverance This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Polish Bar (Na Zdrowie) This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Queens Larder This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Rugby Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Ship Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Square Pig This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Swan This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Yorkshire Grey This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Truckles Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Holborn

Hol^born is both an area and also the name of the area’s principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles’s High Street and Gray’s Inn Road and then Hol^born Viaduct between Hol^born Circus and Newgate Street.

The area’s first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey, by King Edgar, dated to 959. This mentions ’the old wooden church of St Andrew’ (St Andrew, Hol^born). The name Holborn may be derived from the Middle English hol for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet as it ran through a steep valley to the east.

It was at first outside the City’s jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London from 1223, when the City’s jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars where erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival’s Inn, on the northern side.

The Holborn District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place, St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn District and the St Giles District, excluding Glasshouse Yard and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London Borough of Camden.

In the 18th century, Holborn was the location of the infamous Mother Clap’s molly house but in the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues to suit more general tastes: 22 inns or taverns were recorded in the 1860s and the Holborn Empire, originally Weston’s Music Hall, stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz. The theatre premired the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil, a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour.

Charles Dickens took up residence in Furnival’s Inn, on the site of the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse now named Holborn Bars. Dickens put his character Pip, in Great Expectations, in residence at Barnard’s Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College. Staple Inn, notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn tobacco, is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery. The most northerly of the Inns of Court, Gray’s Inn, is in Holborn, as is Lincoln’s Inn: the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) still reflects that. Subsequently the area diversified and become recognisable as the modern street.

A plaque stands at number 120 commemorating Thomas Earnshaw’s invention of the Marine chronometer, which facilitated long-distance travel. At the corner of Hatton Garden was the old family department store of Gamages. Until 1992, the London Weather Centre was located in the street. The Prudential insurance company relocated in 2002. The Daily Mirror offices used to be directly opposite it, but the site is now occupied by Sainsbury’s head office.

Hatton Garden, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir Christopher Hatton at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr.

In the early 21st century, Holborn has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into an hotel in 1999.

Holborn station is located at the junction of High Holborn and Kingsway. Situated on the Piccadilly and Central Lines, it is the only station common to the two lines, although the two lines also cross each other three times in West London.

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) on 15 December 1906 with the name Holborn (Kingsway). Kingsway was a new road, cutting south from High Holborn through an area of cleared slums to Strand. The suffix was dropped from tube maps in the 1960s.


LOCAL PHOTOS
The British Library
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Cromer Street
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Percy Circus from above
Credit: Unknown
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In the neighbourhood...

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The old wooden Temple Bar
Credit: Walter Thornbury
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British Museum station
Credit: London Transport Museum
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Mount Pleasant Sorting Office on the north-east corner of Farringdon Road (1910). The present building is on the site of the Coldbath Fields Prison where the punishments were particularly cruel in that they were not only long and physically hard but also pointless. The pub at the back used to open at 9am to serve postal workers.
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William Davenant had Lisle
Credit: Henry Herringman, London, 1673
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Coldbath Square in Clerkenwell was named after a cold water well that stood originally in fields. Cold Bath was fed by a spring which was discovered by a Mr Baynes in 1697. The discoverer declared the water had great power in nervous diseases, and "equalled those of St Magnus and St Winnifred". The bathing hours were from 5am to 1pm, the charge two shillings. The old bathhouse was a building with three gables, and had a large garden with four turret summer houses. In 1811 the trustees of the London Fever Hospital bought the property for 3830, but, being driven away by the frightened inhabitants, the ground was sold for building, the bath remaining as late as 1865.
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Doughty Street is a broad tree lined street in the Holborn district.
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Red Lion Street c. 1900, looking north to Javens Chambers and Clerkenwell Road
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Yorkshire Grey Yard street sign
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Gamages in the late 19th century
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View of the entrance to Lincolns Inn Fields in Duke Street.
Credit: John Crowther
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