Whitmore Building, SE16

Block in/near Bermondsey

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Block · Bermondsey · SE16 ·
FEBRUARY
23
2001

Whitmore Building is located on Arts Lane.





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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Comment
Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

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Graham O’Connell   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 10:24 GMT   

Lloyd & Sons, Tin Box Manufacturers (1859 - 1982)
A Lloyd & Sons occupied the wharf (now known as Lloyds Wharf, Mill Street) from the mid 19th Century to the late 20th Century. Best known for making tin boxes they also produced a range of things from petrol canisters to collecting tins. They won a notorious libel case in 1915 when a local councillor criticised the working conditions which, in fairness, weren’t great. There was a major fire here in 1929 but the company survived at least until 1982 and probably a year or two after that.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

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fariba   
Added: 28 Jun 2021 00:48 GMT   

Tower Bridge Business Complex, S
need for my coursework

Source: university

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Lived here
KJ   
Added: 11 Apr 2021 12:34 GMT   

Family
1900’s Cranmer family lived here at 105 (changed to 185 when road was re-numbered)
James Cranmer wife Louisa ( b.Logan)
They had 3 children one being my grandparent William (Bill) CRANMER married to grandmother “Nancy” He used to go to
Glengall Tavern in Bird in Bush Rd ,now been converted to flats.

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Comment
   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

correction
Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

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Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

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Jonathan Cocking   
Added: 30 Aug 2022 13:38 GMT   

Tower Bridge, SE1
The driver subsequently married his clippie (conductress).

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Pearl Foster   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 12:22 GMT   

Dukes Place, EC3A
Until his death in 1767, Daniel Nunes de Lara worked from his home in Dukes Street as a Pastry Cook. It was not until much later the street was renamed Dukes Place. Daniel and his family attended the nearby Bevis Marks synagogue for Sephardic Jews. The Ashkenazi Great Synagogue was established in Duke Street, which meant Daniel’s business perfectly situated for his occupation as it allowed him to cater for both congregations.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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CydKB   
Added: 31 Mar 2023 15:07 GMT   

BlackJack Playground
Emslie Horniman’s Pleasance was my favourite childhood park.I went to St Mary’s Catholic school, East Row from Nursery all the way through to Year 6 before Secondary School and I was taken here to play most days. There was a centre piece flower bed in the Voysey Garden surrounded by a pond which my classmates and I used to jump over when no one was looking. The Black jack playground was the go to playground for our sports days and my every day shortcut to get close to the half penny steps foot bridge via Kensal Road. There was also a shop where we could buy ice lollies on hot summer days.The Southern Row side of the Park was filled with pebbles which used to be so fun to walk through as a child, I used to walk through the deepness of the pebbles to get to Bosworth Road or east towards Hornimans Adventure Park.

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John   
Added: 29 Mar 2023 17:31 GMT   

Auction of the paper stock of Janssen and Roberts
A broadside advertisement reads: "By auction, to be sold on Thursday next being the 16th of this present July, the remainder of the stock in partnership between Janssen and Roberts, at their late dwelling-house in Dean’s Court, the south side of St. Pauls, consisting of Genoa papers according to the particulars underneath." The date in the ESTC record is purely speculative; July 16th was a Thursday in many years during the 18th century; 1750 is only one possibility. Extensive searching has found no other record of the partners or the auction.


Source: ESTC - Search Results

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Born here
   
Added: 27 Mar 2023 18:28 GMT   

Nower Hill, HA5
lo

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Comment
   
Added: 26 Mar 2023 14:50 GMT   

Albert Mews
It is not a gargoyle over the entrance arch to Albert Mews, it is a likeness of Prince Albert himself.

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Comment
Christine D Elliott   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 15:52 GMT   

The Blute Family
My grandparents, Frederick William Blute & Alice Elizabeth Blute nee: Warnham lived at 89 Blockhouse Street Deptford from around 1917.They had six children. 1. Alice Maragret Blute (my mother) 2. Frederick William Blute 3. Charles Adrian Blute 4. Violet Lillian Blute 5. Donald Blute 6. Stanley Vincent Blute (Lived 15 months). I lived there with my family from 1954 (Birth) until 1965 when we were re-housed for regeneration to the area.
I attended Ilderton Road School.
Very happy memories of that time.

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Dr Paul Flewers   
Added: 9 Mar 2023 18:12 GMT   

Some Brief Notes on Hawthorne Close / Hawthorne Street
My great-grandparents lived in the last house on the south side of Hawthorne Street, no 13, and my grandmother Alice Knopp and her brothers and sisters grew up there. Alice Knopp married Charles Flewers, from nearby Hayling Road, and moved to Richmond, Surrey, where I was born. Leonard Knopp married Esther Gutenberg and lived there until the street was demolished in the mid-1960s, moving on to Tottenham. Uncle Len worked in the fur trade, then ran a pet shop in, I think, the Kingsland Road.

From the back garden, one could see the almshouses in the Balls Pond Road. There was an ink factory at the end of the street, which I recall as rather malodorous.

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KJH   
Added: 7 Mar 2023 17:14 GMT   

Andover Road, N7 (1939 - 1957)
My aunt, Doris nee Curtis (aka Jo) and her husband John Hawkins (aka Jack) ran a small general stores at 92 Andover Road (N7). I have found details in the 1939 register but don’t know how long before that it was opened.He died in 1957. In the 1939 register he is noted as being an ARP warden for Islington warden

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Added: 2 Mar 2023 13:50 GMT   

The Queens Head
Queens Head demolished and a NISA supermarket and flats built in its place.

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NEARBY STREETS
Abbey Gardens, SE1 Abbey Gardens is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Abbey Street, SE1 Abbey Street takes its name from Bermondsey Abbey which was situated between Bermondsey Square, Grange Walk and Long Walk.
Alexis Street, SE16 Alexis Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Alscot Road, SE1 Alscot Road runs around Bermondsey Spa Gardens.
Alscot Way, SE1 Alscot Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Amina Way, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Amisha Court, SE1 Amisha Court is a block on Grange Road.
Arabella Street, SE16 Arabella Street runs off of Old Jamaica Road.
Arc House, SE1 Arc House is a block on Tanner Street.
Archie Street, SE1 Archie Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Artesian Building, SE1 Artesian Building is a block on Alscot Road.
Arts Lane, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Attilburgh House, SE1 Attilburgh House is a block on Abbey Street.
Aulay House, SE16 Aulay House is a block on Spa Road.
Bacon Grove, SE1 Bacon Grove is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bakery Street, SE1 A street within the SE16 postcode
Bala Place, SE16 Frederick Place - later Bala Place - first appears on the 1860s map.
Bell Yard Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bell Yaroad Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bermondsey Exchange, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bermondsey Square, SE1 Bermondsey Square is located on Tower Bridge Road, the former the site of Bermondsey Abbey.
Bevington Path, SE1 Bevington Path is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Black Eagle Yard, SE1 Black Eagle Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bolanachi Building, SE16 Bolanachi Building is a block on Spa Road.
Boulogne House, SE1 Boulogne House is a block on The Grange.
Bowley House, SE16 Bowley House is a block on Old Jamaica Road.
Breton House, SE1 Breton House is a block on Abbey Street.
Bridewain Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bridge View Court, SE17 Bridge View Court is sited on Grange Road.
Bromleigh House, SE1 Bromleigh House is a block on Abbey Street.
Buckley Court, SE1 Buckley Court can be found on Alscot Road.
Bushbaby Close, SE1 Bushbaby Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Cadbury Way, SE16 Cadbury Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Calico Court, SE16 Calico Court is a block on Marine Street.
Casby House, SE16 Casby House is a block on Jamaica Road.
Cedar Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Chartes House, SE1 Chartes House is located on Stevens Street.
Colour House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Copperfield House, SE1 Copperfield House, like much of the Dickens Estate, is named after a fictional character.
Costermonger Building, SE16 Costermonger Building is located on Arts Lane.
Cottage, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Crimscott Street, SE1 Crimscott Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Curtis Street, SE1 Curtis Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Curtis Way, SE1 Curtis Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
De Wyndsor Court, SE16 De Wyndsor Court is a block on Jamaica Road.
Devon Mansions, SE1 Devon Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dickens Whinney House, SE16 Dickens Whinney House is a block on Thurland Road.
Dockhead, SE1 Dockhead is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dockley Road, SE16 Dockley Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Dombey House, SE1 Dombey House is a block on Wolseley Street.
Dombey House, SE16 Dombey House was one of the first blocks built on the Dickens Estate.
Dunlop Place, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
East Lane, SE16 East Lane - formerly a single street - has been split postwar into two sections.
Elm Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Enid Street, SE16 Enid Street has been radically altered since the Second World War.
Eyot House, SE16 Eyot House is a block on Marine Street.
Fendall Street, SE1 Fendall Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Frean Street, SE16 Frean Street runs up to the South Eastern main line railway in Bermondsey.
Freda Street, SE16 Freda Street runs off of Marine Street.
Futura House, SE1 Futura House is a location in London.
Futura House, SE17 Futura House is located on Grange Road.
Gedling Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gemini House, SE1 Gemini House is a block on Bermondsey Street.
George Row, SE16 George Row is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Goodwin Close, SE16 Goodwin Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Grange House, SE1 Grange House is a block on The Grange.
Grange Road, SE1 Grange Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Grange Walk Mews, SE1 Grange Walk Mews is a location in London.
Grange Walk, SE1 Grange Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Grange Walk, SE16 Grange Walk is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Grange Yard, SE1 Grange Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Griggs Place, SE1 Griggs Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Griggs Road, SE1 Griggs Road is a road in the E10 postcode area
Gutenberg Court, SE1 Gutenberg Court is sited on Grange Road.
Haredale House, SE16 Haredale House is a block on East Lane.
Haven Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Havisham House, SE16 Havisham House is a block on Llewellyn Street.
Hazel Way, SE1 Hazel Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Henley Drive, SE1 Henley Drive is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Henley Drive, SE16 Henley Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Hepburn Building, SE1 Hepburn Building is a block on Grange Walk.
Hickman’s Folly, SE1 Hickman’s Folly was a very old Bermondsey street which disappeared as the Dickens Estate was built.
Hicks House, SE16 Hicks House is a building on Ness Street.
Jamaica Road, SE1 The SE1 section of Jamaica Road dates only from the 1960s.
John Felton Road, SE16 John Felton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Kimmins Court, SE16 Kimmins Court is a block in Arabella Street.
Kintore Way, SE1 Kintore Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lamb Walk, SE1 Lamb Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Larch Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Limasol Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Linsey Street, SE16 Linsey Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Little London Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Llewellyn Street, SE16 Llewellyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Long Walk, SE1 Long Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Loveland Court, SE1 Loveland Court is located on Jamaica Road.
Lucey Road, SE16 Lucey Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Lucey Way, SE16 Lucey Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Macks Road, SE16 Macks Road runs north from Southwark Park Road.
Maltby Street, SE1 Maltby Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Marine Street, SE16 Marine Street connects Jamaica Road with Old Jamaica Road.
Marlow House, SE1 Marlow House is located on Maltby Street.
Mendham House, SE1 Mendham House can be found on Bermondsey Street.
Messenger Court, SE16 Messenger Court is located on Spa Road.
Micawber House, SE16 Micawber House is a building on Llewellyn Street.
Mill Stream Road, SE1 Mill Stream Road (or Millstream Road) was demolished to make way for the Arnold Estate.
Nasmith Court, SE16 Nasmith Court is a block on Old Jamaica Road.
Neckinger Mills, SE1 Neckinger Mills is a location in London.
Neckinger Place, SE1 Neckinger Place was a small turning off Druid Street.
Neckinger Street, SE1 Neckinger Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Neckinger, SE16 Neckinger is a road in the SE16 postcode area
New Amelia Apartments, SE1 New Amelia Apartments is a block on Abbey Street.
Newhams Row, SE1 Newhams Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Norman House, SE1 Norman House is a block on Riley Road.
Ockham Building, SE16 Ockham Building is a block on Arts Lane.
Old Abbey Lane, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Old Jamaica Road Business Estate, SE16 Old Jamaica Road Business Estate is a commercial estate.
Old Jamaica Road, SE16 Old Jamaica Road originated as Prospect Row in the late eighteenth century.
Old Town Hall Apartments, SE16 Old Town Hall Apartments is a building on Spa Road.
Pages Walk, SE1 Pages Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Painters Mews, SE16 Painters Mews runs off Mack Road.
Parchment Building, SE1 Parchment Building is a block on Grange Walk.
Parker Building, SE16 Parker Building is a block on Freda Street.
Parkers Row, SE1 Parkers Row is a street which has diminished in significance since it was first built.
Phoenix Wharf Road, SE1 Phoenix Wharf Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Pickwick House, SE16 Pickwick House is a block on Flockton Street.
Pitman Building, SE1 Pitman Building is a block on Jamaica Road.
Pope Street, SE1 Pope Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Preston House, SE1 Preston House is a block on Stanworth Street.
Priory Court, SE1 Priory Court is a block on Abbey Street.
Priter Road, SE16 Priter Road is a location in London.
Prospect House, SE16 Prospect House can be found on Sun Passage.
Queens Court, SE16 Queens Court is located on Old Jamaica Road.
Radcliffe Road, SE1 Radcliffe Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Rankin House 139-143, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Riley Road, SE1 Riley Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rope Walk, SE1 Rope Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Rouel Road, SE16 Rouel Road once stood next to one of London’s first railway stations: Spa Road station in Bermondsey.
Royal Oak Yard, SE1 Royal Oak Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rudge House, SE16 Rudge House is a block on Scott Lidgett Crescent.
Rufus House, SE1 Rufus House is a block on Stanworth Street.
Scott Lidgett Crescent, SE16 Scott Lidgett Crescent is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Scotts Sufferance Wharfmill Street, SE1 Scotts Sufferance Wharfmill Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Setchell Way, SE1 Setchell Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Skyline Court, SE1 Skyline Court is a block on Grange Yard.
Sovereign House, SE1P A street within the SE1 postcode
Spa Business Park, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Spa Road, SE16 A train left Deptford railway station for Spa Road station at 8am on 8 February 1836 - it was the first train in London.
St Lawrence House, SE1 St Lawrence House can be found on Purbrook Street.
St Owen House, SE1 St Owen House is sited on Abbey Street.
St Vincent House, SE1 St Vincent House is located on Fendall Street.
Stanworth Street, SE1 Stanworth Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Stevens Street, SE1 Stevens Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sugar Lane, SE16 Sugar Lane is a location in London.
Sun Passage, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Swan Mead, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Sweeney Crescent, SE1 Sweeney Crescent is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Swift Court, SE1 Swift Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sycamore Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tanner Street, SE1 Tanner Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tapley House, SE1 Tapley House was one of the first buildings of the Dickens Estate.
The Grange, SE1 The Grange is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Italian Building, SE1 The Italian Building is a block on Dockhead.
The Royal George Apartments, SE1 The Royal George Apartments is a block on Abbey Street.
The Watch House, SE1 The Watch House is a block on Bermondsey Street.
The Willows, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Thetford House, SE1 Thetford House is a block on Abbey Street.
Thurland Road, SE16 Thurland Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Thurland Street, SE16 Thurland Street is a location in London.
Tower Bridge Road, SE1 Tower Bridge Road leads to Tower Bridge.
Tower Workshops, SE1 Tower Workshops is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tupman House, SE16 Tupman House is sited on Scott Lidgett Crescent.
Twist House, SE1 Twist House is a block on Page’s Walk.
Valois House, SE1 Valois House is a block on Grange Walk.
Vauban Street, SE16 Vauban Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Wade House, SE1 Residential block
Wade House, SE1 Wade House is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Webb Street, SE1 Webb Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Weightman House, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Wharton House, SE1 Wharton House is a block on Millstream Road.
Willow Walk, SE1 Willow Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Wood’s Place, SE1 Wood’s Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Woodmill Close, SE16 Woodmill Close is a road in the SW15 postcode area
Woodmill Street, SE16 A street within the SE1 postcode
Woolstaplers Way, SE16 Woolstaplers Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Wrayburn House, SE16 Wrayburn House is a block on Llewellyn Street.
Yalding Road, SE16 Yalding Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Yates Court, SE1 Yates Court is located on Jamaica Road.
Zeno House, SE1 Zeno House is a block on Long Walk.

NEARBY PUBS
The Victoria The Victoria is a pub on Page’s Walk.


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Bermondsey

The name Bermondsey first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine during the 8th century.

Pope Constantine (708-715), in a letter, granted privileges to a monastery at Vermundesei, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede (as Peterborough was known at the time).

Though Bermondsey’s name may derive from Beornmund’s island (whoever the Anglo-Saxon Beornmund was, is another matter), but Bermondsey is likely to have been a higher, drier spot in an otherwise marshy area, rather than a real island.

Bermondsey appears in the Domesday Book and it was then held by King William (the Conqueror). A small part of the area was in the hands of Robert, Count of Mortain - William’s half brother.

Bermondsey Abbey was founded in 1082 as a Cluniac priory, with St Saviour as the patron.

The monks from the abbey began to develop the area, cultivating land and embanking the river. They put a dock at the mouth of River Neckinger, an adjacent tidal inlet. Records show this was called St Savior’s Dock, after their abbey.

Also owning land here was the Knights Templar. They gave a names to one of the most distinctive streets in London - Shad Thames, a later corruption of ’St John at Thames’.

Other ecclesiastical properties stood nearby. The name ’Tooley Street’ was another corruption - this time of St Olave’s’ Street. It was located in the Archbishop of Canterbury’s manor of Southwark. In Tooley Street, wealthy citizens and clerics built houses.

After the Great Fire of London, Bermondsey started to be settled by the well-to-do. It took on the character of a garden suburb - especially along Grange Road.

A pleasure garden - the Cherry Garden - was founded in the area in the 17th century near to the current Cherry Garden Pier. In 1664, Samuel Pepys visited ’Jamaica House’ in the gardens and wrote in his diary that he had left it "singing finely". Later, from the garden, J.M.W. Turner painted The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to her Last Berth to be Broken Up (1839), showing the veteran warship being towed to Rotherhithe to be scrapped.

The church of St Mary Magdalen in Bermondsey Street was completed in 1690, although a church has been recorded on the site since the 13th century. This church survived both 19th-century redevelopment and the Blitz unscathed. It is an unusual survivor of this period in Bermondsey and in Inner London in general.

In the 18th century, the discovery of a spring from the River Neckinger in the area led to Bermondsey becoming a spa resort - then all the rage. The name Spa Road commemorates this - situated between Grange Road and Jamaica Road.

Bermondsey’s fortunes took a huge nosedive as the Industrial Revolution took hold. Certain industries were deemed too inconvenient to be carried on within the small area of the City of London and banished east - both north and south of the river. One such that came to dominate central Bermondsey was the processing of leather and hides.

Parts of Bermondsey, especially along the riverside, become a notorious slum. The area around St Saviour’s Dock and Shad Thames - known as Jacob’s Island - was one of the worst in London. In Charles Dickens’s novel Oliver Twist, the principal villain Bill Sikes meets a nasty end in the mud of ’Folly Ditch’ an area which was known as Hickmans Folly — the scene of an attack by Spring Heeled Jack in 1845 — surrounding Jacob’s Island. Dickens provides a vivid description of what it was like:

<CITE>... crazy wooden galleries common to the backs of half a dozen houses, with holes from which to look upon the slime beneath; windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust out, on which to dry the linen that is never there; rooms so small, so filthy, so confined, that the air would seem to be too tainted even for the dirt and squalor which they shelter; wooden chambers thrusting themselves out above the mud and threatening to fall into it — as some have done; dirt-besmeared walls and decaying foundations, every repulsive lineament of poverty, every loathsome indication of filth, rot, and garbage: all these ornament the banks of Jacob’s Island.</CITE>

In 1836, London’s first passenger railway terminus was built by the London & Greenwich Railway at London Bridge. The first section of the line to be used was between the Spa Road Station and Deptford High Street. But Spa Road station closed in 1915.

The area was extensively redeveloped during the 19th century and early 20th century with both the expansion of the river trade and the connectivity that the railway brought about. Bermondsey Town Hall - a mark of its civic emergence - was built on Spa Road in 1881. To the east of Tower Bridge, Bermondsey’s three and a half miles of riverside were lined with warehouses and wharves, of which the best known is Butler’s Wharf.

Many buildings from this era survive (around Leathermarket Street) including the huge Leather, Hide and Wool Exchange (now residential and small work spaces). Hepburn and Gale’s tannery, though now disused, on Long Lane is also a substantial survivor of the leather trade.

Peek, Frean and Company was established in 1857 at Dockhead by James Peek and George Hender Frean. They moved to a larger plant in Clements Road in 1866, leading to the nickname ’Biscuit Town’ for Bermondsey. They continued baking here until the brand was discontinued in 1989.

Wee Willie Harris - usually credited as the first British rock and roller - came from Bermondsey. He also worked in Peak Freans before his fame.

Bermondsey’s riverside suffered severe damage in Second World War bombing. A couple of decades later, the wharves became redundant following the collapse of the river trade. After standing derelict, many of the wharves were redeveloped by the London Docklands Development Corporation during the 1980s. They have now been converted into a mixture of residential and commercial accommodations and have become some of the most upmarket and expensive properties in London.

In 1910, Millwall F.C. had moved to a new stadium on Coldblow Lane, having previously played in Millwall on the Isle of Dogs. They kept their original name despite playing on the opposite side of the River Thames to the Millwall area. They played at The Den until 1993, when they relocated to the New Den nearby. The New Den is now back to being called The Den.

In 2000, Bermondsey tube station on the Jubilee Line Extension opened.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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In the neighbourhood...

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Bridge House, George Row, Bermondsey (1926)
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Folly Ditch, Jacob’s Island in the 19th century. Jacob’s Island was a notorious Bermondsey slum, cleared in the 1860s.
Credit: Old and New London (published 1873)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Enid Street, SE16 looking from Rouel Road (1938) The houses had railway arches just outside their back doors. The original Lion pub can just be seen on the right corner and at the far end on the same side was The Windsor Castle. Both pubs survived the pre and post war slum clearance of the houses by Bermondsey Borough Council. The Lion was replaced in 1961 on the corner of Spa Road but The Windsor was demolished c.1965 and never rebuilt. The same view nowadays would include high modern flats to the left.
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Jamaica Road (1900s) Despite being a road of eighteenth century origin, the western end of Jamaica Road, Bermondsey only dates from the 1960s.
Old London postcard
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Old Jamaica Road, SE16 (2012) Part of the Bermondsey Spa development, the curved building in this view includes a health centre. Bermondsey Spa is a major housing development in the area between the London-Greenwich Railway line and Jamaica Road, in the early years of the 21st century. The terraced housing that occupied most of the site was cleared by the 1950s.
Credit: Geograph/Stephen Craven
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Parker’s Row, SE1 on 19 May 1956
Credit: Serge Lansac/Picture Post/Hulton Archive
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Spa Road station (c.1900) Spa Road station was one of the first of London’s railway stations, built by the London & Greenwich Railway (later the South Eastern and Chatham railway) in 1836
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Tower Bridge (2021) Sometimes, during the various lockdowns, various normally-busy roads have been photogenically quiet
Credit: Instagram user
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Wolseley Buildings, Wolseley Street, Bermondsey (1926) Tenements such as these were a common feature of inner south London in the late 19th and early 20th century. Typically they had been built by private landlords, some with a philanthropic inclination.
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Hickman’s Folly. Bermondsey (1930s) Hickman’s Folly was a cul de sac which ran parallel and south of Wolseley Street and said to have been built on the site of a tannery. At one time it ran from Dockhead to George Row where it crossed the open Neckinger by a bridge.
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