Willen House, EC1V

Block in/near Clerkenwell

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(51.5274021 -0.0916539, 51.527 -0.091) 
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Block · Clerkenwell · EC1V ·
FEBRUARY
23
2001

Willen House is a block on Bath Street.





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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Lived here
Katharina Logan   
Added: 9 Aug 2022 19:01 GMT   

Ely place existed in name in 1857
On 7th July 1857 John James Chase and Mary Ann Weekes were married at St John the Baptist Hoxton, he of full age and she a minor. Both parties list their place of residence as Ely Place, yet according to other information, this street was not named until 1861. He was a bricklayer, she had no occupation listed, but both were literate and able to sign their names on their marriage certificate.

Source: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSF7-Q9Y7?cc=3734475

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Comment
Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a “Direct Grant” grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now “Owen’s Fields” was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as “Dames Alice Owen’s School” or simply “DAOS”). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ “knowledge” school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Barry J. Page   
Added: 27 Jul 2022 19:41 GMT   

Highbury Corner V1 Explosion
Grandma described the V1 explosion at Highbury Corner on many occasions. She was working in the scullery when the flying bomb landed. The blast shattered all the windows in the block of flats and blew off the bolt on her front door. As she looked out the front room window, people in various states of injury and shock were making their way along Highbury Station Road. One man in particular, who was bleeding profusely from glass shard wounds to his neck, insisted in getting home to see if his family was all right. Others were less fortunate. Len, the local newsagent, comforted a man, who had lost both legs caused by the blast, until the victim succumbed to his injuries. The entire area was ravaged and following are statistics. The flying bomb landed during lunch hour (12:46 p.m.) on June 27th 1944. 26 people lost their lives, 84 were seriously injured and 71 slightly injured.

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Comment
Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

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Comment
Mike   
Added: 28 Feb 2023 18:09 GMT   

6 Elia Street
When I was young I lived in 6 Elia Street. At the end of the garden there was a garage owned by Initial Laundries which ran from an access in Quick Street all the way up to the back of our garden. The fire exit to the garage was a window leading into our garden. 6 Elia Street was owned by Initial Laundry.

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Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Comment
Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Tom   
Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

Blackfriars
What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT


John   
Added: 29 Mar 2023 17:31 GMT   

Auction of the paper stock of Janssen and Roberts
A broadside advertisement reads: "By auction, to be sold on Thursday next being the 16th of this present July, the remainder of the stock in partnership between Janssen and Roberts, at their late dwelling-house in Dean’s Court, the south side of St. Pauls, consisting of Genoa papers according to the particulars underneath." The date in the ESTC record is purely speculative; July 16th was a Thursday in many years during the 18th century; 1750 is only one possibility. Extensive searching has found no other record of the partners or the auction.


Source: ESTC - Search Results

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Born here
   
Added: 27 Mar 2023 18:28 GMT   

Nower Hill, HA5
lo

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Comment
   
Added: 26 Mar 2023 14:50 GMT   

Albert Mews
It is not a gargoyle over the entrance arch to Albert Mews, it is a likeness of Prince Albert himself.

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Comment
Christine D Elliott   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 15:52 GMT   

The Blute Family
My grandparents, Frederick William Blute & Alice Elizabeth Blute nee: Warnham lived at 89 Blockhouse Street Deptford from around 1917.They had six children. 1. Alice Maragret Blute (my mother) 2. Frederick William Blute 3. Charles Adrian Blute 4. Violet Lillian Blute 5. Donald Blute 6. Stanley Vincent Blute (Lived 15 months). I lived there with my family from 1954 (Birth) until 1965 when we were re-housed for regeneration to the area.
I attended Ilderton Road School.
Very happy memories of that time.

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Pearl Foster   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 12:22 GMT   

Dukes Place, EC3A
Until his death in 1767, Daniel Nunes de Lara worked from his home in Dukes Street as a Pastry Cook. It was not until much later the street was renamed Dukes Place. Daniel and his family attended the nearby Bevis Marks synagogue for Sephardic Jews. The Ashkenazi Great Synagogue was established in Duke Street, which meant Daniel’s business perfectly situated for his occupation as it allowed him to cater for both congregations.

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Dr Paul Flewers   
Added: 9 Mar 2023 18:12 GMT   

Some Brief Notes on Hawthorne Close / Hawthorne Street
My great-grandparents lived in the last house on the south side of Hawthorne Street, no 13, and my grandmother Alice Knopp and her brothers and sisters grew up there. Alice Knopp married Charles Flewers, from nearby Hayling Road, and moved to Richmond, Surrey, where I was born. Leonard Knopp married Esther Gutenberg and lived there until the street was demolished in the mid-1960s, moving on to Tottenham. Uncle Len worked in the fur trade, then ran a pet shop in, I think, the Kingsland Road.

From the back garden, one could see the almshouses in the Balls Pond Road. There was an ink factory at the end of the street, which I recall as rather malodorous.

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KJH   
Added: 7 Mar 2023 17:14 GMT   

Andover Road, N7 (1939 - 1957)
My aunt, Doris nee Curtis (aka Jo) and her husband John Hawkins (aka Jack) ran a small general stores at 92 Andover Road (N7). I have found details in the 1939 register but don’t know how long before that it was opened.He died in 1957. In the 1939 register he is noted as being an ARP warden for Islington warden

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Added: 2 Mar 2023 13:50 GMT   

The Queens Head
Queens Head demolished and a NISA supermarket and flats built in its place.

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V:7

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Bunhill Fields Bunhill Fields was in use as a burial ground from 1665 until 1854.
St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics was founded in London in 1751 for the treatment of incurable pauper lunatics by a group of philanthropists.
Wesley’s Chapel Wesley’s Chapel - originally the City Road Chapel - is a Methodist church built under the direction of John Wesley.
Whitefield’s Tabernacle Whitefield’s Tabernacle is a former church at the corner of Tabernacle Street and Leonard Street.

NEARBY STREETS
Albert House, EC1V Albert House is a block on Old Street.
Alford Court, N1 Alford Court is located on Cavendish Street.
Alford Place, N1 Alford Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Allerton House, N1 Allerton House is a block on Allerton Street.
Amias House, EC1V Amias House is a building on Central Street.
Amias Place, EC1Y Amias Place was formerly George Yard.
Anchor House, EC1V Anchor House is located on Old Street.
Anchor Yard, EC1Y Anchor Yard is named after a former inn here of this name.
Aquarelle House, N1 Aquarelle House is a block on City Road.
Aurora Buildings, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Bache’s Street, N1 This is a street in the N1 postcode area
Baldwin Street, EC1V Baldwin Street was named after Richard Baldwin, Treasurer at St Bartholomew’s Hospital when the street was built in 1811.
Baltic Street East, EC1Y Baltic Street East was built by a timber merchant around 1810 who named local streets after trade-related activities.
Banner House, EC1Y Banner House is a block on Banner Street.
Banner Street, EC1Y Banner Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Barlow House, N1 Barlow House is a block on Provost Street.
Barnabas House, EC1V Barnabas House is sited on Central Street.
Bartholomew Square, EC1V This is a street in the EC1V postcode area
Bastwick Street, EC1V Bastwick Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Bath Street, EC1V Bath Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Bentima House, EC1V Bentima House is located on Old Street.
Bevenden Street, N1 Bevenden Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bletchley Street, N1 Bletchley Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bollinder Place, EC1V Bollinder Place lies along City Road.
Book House, N1 Book House is a block on City Road.
Bookham Street, N1 Bookham Street disappeared after the Second World War.
Braithwaite House, EC1Y Braithwaite House is a block on Bunhill Row.
Britannia Walk, N1 Britannia Walk is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Brunswick Place, EC1V Brunswick Place is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Bunhill Fields, EC1Y Bunhill Fields is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Burnhill House, EC1V Burnhill House is a block on Norman Street.
Buttesland Street, N1 Buttesland Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Buxton Court, N1 Buxton Court is a block on Windsor Terrace.
Canaletto Tower, N1 Canaletto Tower can be found on City Road.
Castle House, EC2A Castle House is a block on Paul Street.
Catherwood Court, N1 Catherwood Court is a block on Britannia Walk.
Central Street, EC1V Central Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Charles Gardner Court, N1 Charles Gardner Court is a building on Haberdasher Street.
Charles Square, N1 Charles Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Chart Street, N1 Chart Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Chequer Street, EC1Y Chequer Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Chronicle Tower, N1 Chronicle Tower is sited on City Road.
City Forum, EC1V City Forum is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
City Lofts, EC2A City Lofts is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
City Road, EC1V City Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
City Road, EC1Y City Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
City Walk Apartments, EC1V City Walk Apartments is sited on Seward Street.
Classic House, EC1V Classic House is a block on Old Street.
Clere Street, EC2A Clere Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Comice Apartments, EC1V Comice Apartments is a building on Pear Tree Street.
Corsham Street, N1 Corsham Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cowper Street, EC2A Cowper Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Cranwood Street, EC1V Cranwood Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Cullum Welch Court, N1 Cullum Welch Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Custance House, N1 Custance House is a block on Provost Street.
Custance Street, N1 Custance Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Development House, EC2A Development House is a block on Leonard Street.
DialaCab House, N1 DialaCab House is a block on East Road.
Dingley Road, EC1V Dingley Road is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Domingo Street, EC1Y Domingo Street links Old Street with Baltic Street East.
East Central House, EC1V East Central House is a block on Lever Street.
East Road, N1 East Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ebenezer Street, EC1V A street within the N1 postcode
EMA House, EC2A EMA House is a block on Tabernacle Street.
Fable Apartments, N1 Fable Apartments is a block on City Road.
Falcon Court, N1 Falcon Court is a block on City Garden Row.
Farringdon Road, EC1V Farringdon Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Featherstone Street, EC1Y Featherstone Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Finn House, N1 Finn House can be found on Bevenden Street.
Fitzroy House, EC2A Fitzroy House is a block on Epworth Street.
Fullwoods Mews, N1 Fullwoods Mews is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Galileo Apartments, EC1Y Galileo Apartments is a block on Featherstone Street.
Galway Street, EC1V Galway Street was named for the Earl of Galway.
Gambier House, EC1V Gambier House is a block on Mora Street.
Gard Street, EC1V Gard Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Garrett Street, EC1Y Garrett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Gastigny House, EC1V Gastigny House is a block on Lever Street.
Gee Street, EC1V Gee Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Godfrey House St Lukes Estate, EC1V Godfrey House is on the St Lukes Estate.
Godfrey House, EC1V Godfrey House is a block on Bath Street.
Graphite Apartments, N1 Graphite Apartments is a block on Provost Street.
Haberdasher Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Haberdasher Street, N1 Haberdasher Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Halstead Court, N1 Halstead Court is a block on East Road.
Harella House, EC1V Harella House is a building on Goswell Road.
Haverstock Place, EC1V A street within the N1 postcode
Haverstock Street, EC1V Haverstock Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Helmet Row, EC1V Helmet Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Hoffman Square, N1 Hoffman Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Honduras Street, EC1Y Honduras Street dates from the 1810s.
Invicta House, EC1Y Invicta House is a block on Banner Street.
Ironmonger Row, EC1V Ironmonger Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Jasper Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Kiffen Street, EC2A Kiffen Street links Leonard Street to Clere Street.
King Square, EC1V King Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Lagonier House, EC1V Lagonier House is located on Ironmonger Row.
Leo Yard, EC1V Leo Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Leonard Street, EC2A Leonard Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Lever Street, EC1V Lever Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Lexington Apartments, EC1Y Lexington Apartments is a block on City Road.
Linale House, N1 Linale House is a block on Cavendish Street.
Lizard Street, EC1V Lizard Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
London City House, EC1V London City House is a block on City Road.
Lowden Court, N1 Lowden Court is located on Prestwood Street.
Macclesfield Road, EC1V Macclesfield Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Maldon Apartments, N1 Maldon Apartments is located on Micawber Street.
Mallow Street, EC1Y Mallow Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Marie Lloyd House, N1 Marie Lloyd House is a block on Cavendish Street.
Mark Street, EC2A Mark Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Marsom House, N1 Marsom House is a block on Murray Grove.
Martha’s Buildings, EC1Y Martha’s Buildings is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Masons Place, EC1V Masons Place is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Memel Street, EC1Y Memel Street was built over the site of a former brewery in the 1810s.
Mercury House, N1 Mercury House is a block on Chart Street.
Micawber Court, N1 Micawber Court is located on Windsor Terrace.
Micawber Street, N1 Micawber Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Mill House, EC2A Residential block
Mitchell Street, EC1V Mitchell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Monmouth House, EC1Y Monmouth House is a block on City Road.
Mora Street, EC1V Mora Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Moreland Street, EC1V Moreland Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Murray Grove, N1 Murray Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Murton Street, EC1V Murton Street dates from about 1829.
Nile Street, N1 Nile Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Norman Street, EC1V Norman Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Old Street, EC1Y Old Street runs west to east from Goswell Road in Clerkenwell to a crossroads in Shoreditch.
Oliver’s Yard, EC2A Oliver’s Yard is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Orchard Building, EC1V Orchard Building is a block on Pear Tree Street.
Paper Mill Buildings, EC1V A street within the N1 postcode
Papyrus House, N1 Papyrus House is a block on Wharf Road.
Parkinson Court, N1 Parkinson Court is a block on Charles Square.
Paton Street, EC1V Paton Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Paul Street, EC2A Paul Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Pear Tree Street, EC1V Pear Tree Street connects Central Street and Goswell Road.
Peerless Street, EC1V Peerless Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
President House, EC1V President House is a block on King Square.
Prestwood Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Priestley House, EC1V Priestley House is a block on Old Street.
Provost & East Building, Provost & East Building lies within the postcode.
Provost Street, N1 Provost Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Quaker Court, EC1Y Quaker Court is a block on Banner Street
Radnor Street, EC1V Radnor Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Regent Apartments, N1 Regent Apartments can be found on Wenlock Road.
Roby House, EC1V Roby House is sited on Mitchell Street.
Roman House, EC1V Roman House can be found on City Road.
Seward Street, EC1V Seward Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Shepherdess Building, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Shepherdess Place, N1 Shepherdess Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Shepherdess Walk, N1 Shepherdess Walk is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Silbury Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Silicon Way, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Singer Street, EC1V Singer Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Singer Street, EC1V Singer Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Spenlow Apartments, N1 Spenlow Apartments is a block on Wenlock Road.
Standard Place, EC2A Standard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Tabernacle Street, EC2A Tabernacle Street was where George Whitefield’s ’Tabernacle’ was built by his supporters after he separated from Wesley in 1741.
Taplow Street, N1 Taplow Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Telephone House, EC2A Telephone House is a block on Paul Street.
Telfer House, EC1V Telfer House is a block on Lever Street.
Thaxted Court, N1 Thaxted Court is located on Murray Grove.
The Bezier Apartments, EC1Y The Bezier Apartments is a block on City Road.
Thoresby House, N1 Thoresby House is a block on Thoresby Street.
Thoresby Street, N1 Thoresby Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Tilney Court, EC1Y Tilney Court lies off of Old Street.
Timber Street, EC1Y Timber Street was formerly called Norway Street.
Touchard House, N1 Touchard House is a block on Charles Square.
Underwood Row, N1 Underwood Row is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Underwood Street, N1 Underwood Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Vestry Street, N1 Vestry Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Victoria House, EC1V A street within the EC1V postcode
Vince Court, N1 Vince Court is a block on Charles Square.
Vince Street, EC1V Vince Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Waterloo Street, EC1V Waterloo Street once ran from Lever Street to Radnor Street.
Wellesley Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Wenlake House, EC1V Wenlake House is a block on Old Street.
Wenlock Court, N1 Wenlock Court can be found on Evelyn Walk.
Wenlock Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Westland Place, N1 Westland Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Wilkins Apartments, N1 Wilkins Apartments is a building on Prestwood Street.
Windsor Terrace, N1 Windsor Terrace is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Winkworth Court, N1 Winkworth Court is a block on Brunswick Place.
Works House, N1 Works House is a block on Brunswick Place.
Young’s Buildings, EC1Y Young’s Buildings was named after Francis Young, a local 18th century property owner
Zeus House, N1 Zeus House is a block on Provost Street.

NEARBY PUBS
Hat and Feathers At the corner of Clerkenwell Road and Goswell Road sits the Hat and Feathers pub.


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Clerkenwell

Clerkenwell was once known as London’s Little Italy because of the large number of Italians living in the area from the 1850s until the 1960s.

Clerkenwell took its name from the Clerks’ Well in Farringdon Lane. In the Middle Ages, the London Parish clerks performed annual mystery plays there, based on biblical themes. Part of the well remains visible, incorporated into a 1980s building called Well Court.

In the 17th century South Clerkenwell became a fashionable place of residence. Oliver Cromwell owned a house on Clerkenwell Close, just off the Green. Several aristocrats had houses there, most notably the Duke of Northumberland, as did people such as Erasmus Smith.

Before Clerkenwell became a built-up area, it had a reputation as a resort a short walk out of the city, where Londoners could disport themselves at its spas, of which there were several, based on natural chalybeate springs, tea gardens and theatres. The present day Sadler’s Wells has survived as heir to this tradition.

Clerkenwell was also the location of three prisons: the Clerkenwell Bridewell, Coldbath Fields Prison (later Clerkenwell Gaol) and the New Prison, later the Clerkenwell House of Detention, notorious as the scene of the Clerkenwell Outrage in 1867, an attempted prison break by Fenians who killed many in the tenement houses on Corporation Row in trying to blow a hole in the prison wall.

The Industrial Revolution changed the area greatly. It became a centre for breweries, distilleries and the printing industry. It gained a special reputation for the making of clocks and watches, which activity once employed many people from around the area. Flourishing craft workshops still carry on some of the traditional trades, such as jewellery-making. Clerkenwell is home to Witherby’s, Europe’s oldest printing company.

After the Second World War, Clerkenwell suffered from industrial decline and many of the premises occupied by the engineering, printing publishing and meat and food trades (the last mostly around Smithfield) fell empty. Several acclaimed council housing estates were commissioned by Finsbury Borough Council. Modernist architect and Russian émigré Berthold Lubetkin’s listed Spa Green Estate, constructed 1943–1950, has recently been restored. The Finsbury Estate, constructed in 1968 to the designs of Joseph Emberton includes flats, since altered and re-clad.

A general revival and gentrification process began in the 1980s, and the area is now known for loft-living in some of the former industrial buildings. It also has young professionals, nightclubs and restaurants and is home to many professional offices as an overspill for the nearby City of London and West End.

Amongst other sectors, there is a notable concentration of design professions around Clerkenwell, and supporting industries such as high-end designer furniture showrooms.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
TUM image id: 1554045418
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Crondall Street
TUM image id: 1575830074
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The gravestone of English poet William Blake in Bunhill Fields Burial Ground
Credit: https://careergappers.com/
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Great Arthur House, at the centre of the Golden Lane Estate, was the tallest residential building in Britain at the time of its construction.
Credit: Steve F/Wiki commons
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Royal Oak, Waterloo Street in the early 1960s. Waterloo Street once ran from Lever Street to Radnor Street. The original street dates from around 1829 and like other streets of similar name, commemorates Wellington’s 1815 victory. The whole area was redeveloped for the Pleydell Estate in 1965.
Credit: James Wyatt
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