Ebury Farm

Farm in/near Belgravia, existed between 1618 and 1801

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Farm · * · ·
FEBRUARY
15
2017

Ebury Farm was a simple marshy farm whose lands later became the richest real estate in London.

Ebury Farm covered 430 acres in total with its farmhouse laying just to the south of where Victoria coach station now stands.

Earlier, there was a manor called Eia in the Domesday survey but later known as Eye, from which Eybury or Ebury derives. The manor probably occupied the territory between the Roman road along the present course of Bayswater Road and Oxford Street on the north, the Thames on the south, the Westbourne river on the west, and the Tyburn on the east.

After the Norman Conquest Geoffrey de Mandeville obtained possession of the manor, one of many which he took in reward for his services in the Conqueror’s cause. Before the end of William’s reign de Mandeville had given the manor to the Abbey of Westminster and it remained in the Abbey’s ownership until 1536 when it was acquired by Henry VIII. During this long period two areas came to be distinguished from the main manor. The areas were Hyde in the north-west corner, now incorporated into Hyde Park, and Neyte or Neat(e) in the heart of the district later known as Pimlico.

The Neyte was formerly a manor house or grange of the Abbots of Westminster situated between the modern Warwick Way and Sutherland Row, and its site, together with some thirty-six acres to the south and east, was granted away separately by the Crown after 1536, and thus did not pass into the eventual ownership of the Grosvenor family.

The Manor of Hyde was enclosed into Hyde Park by Henry VIII, and he also added some land on the east to his new park, for fifteen acres called Tyburn Close and forty acres near Stonehill (apparently the north-eastern and south-eastern extremities of the park) were specifically excluded from subsequent leases and grants of Ebury manor.

In 1618, a lease for Ebury was bought for £4760 by trustees acting for Sir Lionel Cranfield, the ambitious merchant who held several offices of state under James I and was later impeached for corruption.

In 1626, when his personal and financial fortunes were at a low point, Cranfield sold his interests in the manor and the additional lands for £9,400 to Hugh Audley, a clerk of the Court of Wards and Liveries who amassed a considerable fortune by lending money. Audley held the property until his death at an advanced age in 1662. During this long period he sold some small parcels of land and bought others which had probably once belonged to the manor, but when he died the estate he had purchased in 1626 was still virtually intact.

By a settlement made shortly before his death he left the bulk of the land to his great-nephew Alexander Davies and the detached part at Millbank (known as Market Meadows) to the latter’s brother Thomas Davies, who was Lord Mayor of London in 1676–7. After Audley’s death Thomas Davies sold his holding for £2,000 to his brother so that Alexander Davies possessed all of Audley’s former estate in the area.

Alexander Davies was a scrivener by profession and had worked for Audley. He decided to embark on speculative building on his new property and as the site chose Market Meadows at Millbank, which he had purchased from his brother. He let the land along the river front for building, reserving a large plot at the southern end as the site of a mansion for his own occupation. This was later called Peterborough House and then Grosvenor House when it became the principal London residence of the Grosvenor family in the first half of the eighteenth century.

In 1665, ’in the time of the … greate Sicknesse’ Alexander Davies died at the age of twenty-nine, leaving the speculation unfinished, his mansion half built, and an infant daughter less than six months old as his heir. This was the Mary Davies who was to marry Sir Thomas Grosvenor in 1677.

At the age of only twelve, Mary married Sir Thomas Grosvenor of Eaton in Cheshire. The marriage portion which the guardians of Mary Davies were able to offer the young Cheshire baronet Sir Thomas Grosvenor in 1677 consisted of some five hundred acres of land, mostly meadow and pasture. Not all of this was to be available in immediate possession and the income from the land was at that time relatively small, but its potential for future wealth was realised even then.

The most valuable of the inheritance was a vast holding, approximately one hundred acres in extent and sometimes called in early deeds The Hundred Acres, lying south of Oxford Street and east of Park Lane. With only minor exceptions this part of Mary Davies’s heritage has remained virtually intact to the present day and forms the Grosvenor estate in Mayfair. Some six or seven acres to the north of the modern Brick Street were sold to pay the debts of Alexander Davies, Mary Davies’s father, by Act of Parliament in 1675, and therefore did not pass to the Grosvenors.

In the process of time Mary Davies’s inheritance was developed for building, and the Grosvenors became the richest urban landlords in the country, the lustre of their name—for long synonymous with wealth and fashion—being gilded by successive advancements in the peerage, culminating in the dukedom of Westminster in 1874. Today the bulk of that inheritance is still, despite the sale of some of the less select parts, enjoyed by her descendants.


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
Pauline jones   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:04 GMT   

Bessborough Place, SW1V
I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved London. The stucco houses were a feature and the backs of the houses enabled parents to see thier children playing.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 1 May 2021 16:46 GMT   

Cheyne Place, SW3
Frances Faviell, author of the Blitz memoir, "A Chelsea Concerto", lived at 33, Cheyne Place, which was destroyed by a bomb. She survived, with her husband and unborn baby.

Reply
Born here
www.violettrefusis.com   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 15:05 GMT   

Birth place
Violet Trefusis, writer, cosmopolitan intellectual and patron of the Arts was born at 2 Wilton Crescent SW1X.

Source: www.violettrefusis.com

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT


Comment
Carol   
Added: 7 May 2021 18:44 GMT   

Nan
My nan lily,her sister Elizabeth and their parents Elizabeth and William lived here in1911

Reply

   
Added: 4 May 2021 19:45 GMT   

V1 Attack
The site of a V1 incident in 1944

Reply
Comment
David Gibbs   
Added: 3 May 2021 16:48 GMT   

73 Bus Crash in Albion Rd 1961
From a Newspaper cutting of which I have a copy with photo. On Tuesday August 15th 1961 a 73 bus destined for Mortlake at 8.10am. The bus had just turned into Albion Road when the driver passed out, apparently due to a heart attack, and crashed into a wall on the western side of Albion Road outside No 207. The bus driver, George Jefferies aged 56 of Observatory Road, East Sheen, died after being trapped in his cab when he collided with a parked car. Passengers on the bus were thrown from their seats as it swerved. Several fainted, and ambulances were called. The bus crashed into a front garden and became jammed against a wall. The car driver, who had just parked, suffered shock.

Reply

Richard Eades   
Added: 3 May 2021 11:42 GMT   

Downsell Primary School (1955 - 1958)
I was a pupil at Downsell road from I think 1955 age 7 until I left in 1958 age 10 having passed my "11plus" and won a scholarship to Parmiters school in bethnal green. I remember my class teacher was miss Lynn and the deputy head was mrs Kirby.
At the time we had an annual sports day for the whole school in july at drapers field, and trolley buses ran along the high street and there was a turning point for them just above the junction with downsell road.
I used to go swimming at cathall road baths, and also at the bakers arms baths where we had our school swimming galas. I nm y last year, my class was taken on a trip to the tower of london just before the end of term. I would love to hear from any pupils who remember me.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 1 May 2021 16:46 GMT   

Cheyne Place, SW3
Frances Faviell, author of the Blitz memoir, "A Chelsea Concerto", lived at 33, Cheyne Place, which was destroyed by a bomb. She survived, with her husband and unborn baby.

Reply

James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

Reply
Comment
Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

Reply
NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Apollo Victoria Theatre The Apollo Victoria Theatre is a West End theatre, across from London Victoria Station.
Blandel Bridge The bridge over the Westbourne at Sloane Square was called Blandel Bridge and was later renamed Grosvenor Bridge.
Ebury Farm Ebury Farm was a simple marshy farm whose lands later became the richest real estate in London.
Orange Square, SW1W Orange Square is a small open area in Belgravia.
Sloane Square Sloane Square station was opened on 24 December 1868 by the Metropolitan District Railway when the company opened the first section of its line.
Victoria Coach Station Victoria Coach Station is the largest coach station in London.

NEARBY STREETS
Alderney Street, SW1V Alderney Street was originally Stanley Street, after George Stanley, local landowner.
Avery Farm Row, SW1W Avery Farm Row - after a former farm here of this name, ’Avery’ being a corruption of ’Ebury’.
Bloomfield Terrace, SW1W Bloomfield Terrace is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Boscobel Place, SW1W Boscobel Place’s name is derived from the story of Charles II.
Bourne Street, SW1W Bourne Street is lined with what were once artisans’ dwellings.
Bridge Place, SW1V Bridge Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Buckingham Palace Road, SW1W Buckingham Palace Road runs from the south side of Buckingham Palace towards Chelsea.
Buckingham Palace, SW1W Buckingham Palace is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Buckland House, SW1V Residential block
Bulleid Way, SW1V Bulleid Way is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Bunhouse Place, SW1W Bunhouse Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Burton Mews, SW1W Burton Mews is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Cambridge Street, SW1V Cambridge Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Chester Row, SW1W Chester Row with its tall stucco houses lies at the heart of the district of Belgravia.
Chester Square, SW1W Chester Square was voted London’s second best house address early in the 2000s. Nearby Eaton Square was voted first.
Cheylesmore House, SW1W Residential block
Clarendon Street, SW1V Clarendon Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Cliveden Place, SW1W Cliveden Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Colonnade Walk, SW1W Colonnade Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Conduit Street, SW1W Conduit Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Wpostal area.
Cumberland Street, SW1V Cumberland Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Dove Walk, SW1W Dove Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Duke of York Square, SW1W Duke of York Square is a road in the SW1W postcode area
East Concourse, SW1V East Concourse is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
East Road, SW3 East Road is a road in the SW3 postcode area
Eaton Close, SW1W Eaton Close is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Eaton Gate, SW1W Eaton Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Eaton Mews West, SW1W Eaton Mews West is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Eaton Square, SW1W Eaton Square is one of the jewels in Belgravia’s crown.
Eaton Terrace, SW1W Eaton Terrace is a street of elegant five and six storey terraced houses.
Ebury Bridge Road, SW1W Ebury Bridge Road used to lead to Ebury Bridge which spanned the Grosvenor Canal.
Ebury Bridge, SW1V Ebury Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Ebury Bridge, SW1W Ebury Bridge is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Ebury Mews, SW1W Ebury Mews is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Ebury Square, SW1W In contrast with much of Belgravia’s planned building, Edbury Square developed as a result of London’s natural expansion.
Ebury Street, SW1W Ebury Street runs from the Grosvenor Gardens junction south-westwards to Pimlico Road.
Ebury Strreet, SW1W Ebury Strreet is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Eccleston Bridge, SW1W Eccleston Bridge derives its name from Eccleston in Cheshire, where the Grosvenor family own property.
Eccleston Place, SW1W Eccleston Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Eccleston Square Mews, SW1V Eccleston Square Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Eccleston Square, SW1V Eccleston Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Eccleston Street, SW1W Eccleston Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Eccleston Yard, SW1W Eccleston Yard is a location in London.
Elizabeth Bridge, SW1V Elizabeth Bridge is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Elizabeth Street, SW1W Elizabeth Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Fountain Square, SW1W Fountain Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Garrison Square, SW1W Garrison Square is a location in London.
Gillingham Row, SW1V This is a street in the SW1V postcode area
Gillingham Street, SW1V Gillingham Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Gloucester Street, SW1V Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Graham Terrace, SW1W Graham Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Grosvenor Cottages, SW1W Grosvenor Cottages is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Guildhouse Street, SW1V Guildhouse Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Holbein Mews, SW1W Holbein Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Holbein Place, SW1W Holbein Place links Sloane Square and Pimlico Road.
Hudsons Place, SW1V Hudsons Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Hugh Street, SW1V Hugh Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Main Concourse, SW1V Main Concourse is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Mozart Terrace, SW1W Mozart Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Mulberry Square, SW1W Mulberry Square is a location in London.
Neat House Place, SW1V Neat House Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Neathouse Place, SW1V Neathouse Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Ollin Street, SW1W Ollin Street is a road in the E14 postcode area
Ormonde Place, SW1W Ormonde Place is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Passmore Street, SW1W Passmore Street, formerly Union Street, contains a social mix.
Peabody Avenue, SW1V Peabody Avenue is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Peabody Avenue, SW1V Peabody Avenue, completed in 1885, is a monument to the birth of social housing.
Phipps Mews, SW1W Phipps Mews is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Pimilco Walk, SW1W Pimilco Walk is a road in the N1 postcode area
Pimlico Road, SW1W Pimlico Road is a combination of roads formerly called Grosvenor Row and Queen Street.
Ranelagh Grove, SW1W Ranelagh Grove was formerly called Wilderness Row and Ranelagh Walk.
Sedding Street, SW1W Sedding Street is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Semley Place, SW1W Semley Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Silverdale Industrial Estate, SW1W A street within the SW1W postcode
Sloane Court East, SW1W Sloane Court East is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Sloane Court East, SW3 This is a street in the SW3 postcode area
Sloane Gardens, SW1W Sloane Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Sloane Square House, SW1W Residential block
Sloane Terrace, SW1X Sloane Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
South Eaton Place, SW1W South Eaton Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
St Barnabas Mews, SW1W St Barnabas Mews is a road in the SW1W postcode area
St Barnabas Street, SW1W St Barnabas Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
St Georges Drive, SW1V St Georges Drive is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
St Georges Row, SW1V St Georges Row was built as Monster Row circa 1785, and renamed in 1833.
Sussex Street, SW1V Sussex Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Sutherland Street, SW1V Sutherland Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Tintern House, SW1V Residential block
Victoria Arcade, SW1V Victoria Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Victoria Place, SW1W Victoria Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Victoria Subway, SW1V Victoria Subway is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Walden House, SW1W Residential block
Warwick Place North, SW1V Warwick Place North is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Warwick Square Mews, SW1V Warwick Square Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Warwick Way, SW1V Warwick Way is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
West Eaton Place Mews, SW1X West Eaton Place Mews is a road in the SW1X postcode area
West Eaton Place, SW1X West Eaton Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
West Mews, SW1V West Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Whistler Square, SW1W Whistler Square is a location in London.
Whittaker Street, SW1W Whittaker Street is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Willow Walk, SW1P A street within the SW1V postcode
Wilton Road, SW1V Wilton Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Winchester Street, SW1V Winchester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.


Belgravia

Belgravia is an affluent area of Westminster, north of Victoria Station.

Belgravia - known as Five Fields during the Middle Ages - was developed in the early 19th century by Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster.

The area had begun to be built up after George III moved to Buckingham House (now Buckingham Palace) and constructed a row of houses on what is now Grosvenor Place. In the 1820s, Richard Grosvenor asked Thomas Cubitt to design numerous grand terraces centred on squares. Most of Belgravia was constructed over the next 30 years.

Belgravia has many grand terraces of white stucco houses, and is focused on two squares: Belgrave Square and Eaton Square.

Much of Belgravia is still owned by the Duke of Westminster’s Grosvenor Group.


LOCAL PHOTOS
The 52 bus
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Belgrave Square
Credit: Thomas Shepherd
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Grosvenor Gardens Mews East
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Lowndes Street, c. 1905.
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Edbury Square, c. 1906.
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Royal Hospital, Chelsea
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Boscobel Place
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Antrobus Street sign
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In the neighbourhood...

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The 52 bus
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The sign for the "Stage Door", formerly a pub in Allington Street, SW1
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Eaton Square
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Grosvenor Gardens Mews East
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Edbury Square, c. 1906.
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Boscobel Place
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The Monster Tea Gardens (1820)
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Orange Square
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