Child’s Hill

Suburb, existing until now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  ·  MAPS  ·  STREETS  BLOG 
(51.563 -0.197, 51.563 -0.197) 
MAP YEAR:175018001810182018301860190019502022Show map without markers
ZOOM:14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18
TIP: Clicking MAPS at the top will display a full-screen map without the accompanying article
Suburb · Child’s Hill · NW11 ·
December
2
2017

Childs Hill, now a select area, was formerly reknowned for bricks and laundering.

A district on both sides of the Hendon-Hampstead border, Childs Hill took its name from Richard le Child, who in 1312 had a house and 30 acres here. The settlement at Childs Hill is certainly medieval, possibly the 10th century settlement Codenhleawe (which has come down to us as 'Cowhouse'), and was owned by Westminster Abbey.

A similar estate was held at the same time by Richard Blakett, who gave his name to Blacketts well, which in 1632 was one of the boundary markers in the area.

Although a 'John Knot de Childes Hill' is associated with the Peasants’ Revolt, the earliest known use of the place name Child’s Hill is 1593. It has been suggested that the Castle Inn was a small Civil War (1642-49) gun emplacement guarding the Edgware Road. The first record of the Castle Inn however is 1751.

By the mid 18th century the Hampstead part of Childs Hill was divided in two by the road later called Platt’s Lane, which ran from West End and Fortune Green to the heath, Hampstead town, and Hendon. It was entirely occupied by two estates, both of which may have originated as land of the Templars. A farmhouse on the edge of the heath in the north part of the larger estate had apparently become detached from the farmland before 1811, when it was enlarged by Thomas Platt as a ’pleasing and unostentatious’ brick house set in well wooded grounds.

Child’s Hill became a centre for brick and tile making during the second half of the 18th century, supplying material for building Hampstead (nearby to the east), and run by a Samuel Morris.

An Act of Parliament in 1826 allowed for the construction of the Finchley Road (completed by 1829) with a tollgate at the Castle Inn. The arrival of the Finchley Road lessened the area’s isolation.

A house called Temple Park was built on the smaller Temples estate probably in the 1830s by Henry Weech Burgess, a prosperous Lancastrian. About the same time farm buildings were erected on Platt’s estate fronting Platt’s Lane. In 1843, on the western portion of Childs Hill estate, T. Howard built Kidderpore Hall, a stuccoed Greek revival house for John Teil, an East India merchant with tanneries in the district of Calcutta from which the house took its name. The grounds became a private park and two lodges were added, one on the Finchley Road in 1849, the other on Platt’s Lane in the late 1860s. Some nine and a half acres of Henry Weech Burgess’s estate had become a brickfield by 1864 and Temple Park had become the Anglo-French College by 1873.

On a field of Platt’s estate which jutted westward south of Teil’s estate, four houses fronting Finchley Road were built in the 1840s in a district called New West End.

By 1870 the farm buildings at Platt’s Lane had been replaced by a house. Two cottages were built in Platt’s Lane by P. Bell of West End in 1875 and 13 houses, mostly by George Pritchard, between 1884 and 1886.

Being more than 259 ft above sea level (at the Castle Inn), Child’s Hill is visible for miles around. From 1808 to 1847 there was an optical telegraph station, one in a line from the Admiralty to Great Yarmouth. Only the name, Telegraph Hill, remains.

In the early 1850s a Colonel Evans built houses in a field called The Mead (later renamed Granville Road). By the 1870s a number of laundries, servicing much of Victorian era West London, were established in The Mead. Clothes washed in London were thought to be susceptible to water borne disease, such cholera and typhoid, and Child’s Hill, then still in the countryside was supplied by a series of small streams coming off Hampstead Heath.

The population in the area was growing quickly. In 1856 a new church, All Saints’, was built (the third church in the parish of Hendon).

A few houses had been built in what became Burgess Hill by 1878 and in 1880 Weech Road was constructed between Fortune Green Road and Finchley Road on the portion of Teil’s estate purchased by the Burgesses in 1855. Four houses were built there in 1880 and another 12 in 1887 by A. R. Amer and Becket. In 1886 there was building at the Anglo-French college.

The opening of Child’s Hill Railway Station (now Cricklewood Station) in 1868 led to an increase in population, and the subsequent overcrowding reduced some of Child’s Hill into poverty, with cock-fighting, drunkenness and vice. Housing in 1903 in Granville Road was described as a disgrace to civilisation.

In 1884 the Pyramid Light Works, a candle manufactory, was established, the first factory in the Hendon area.

In 1890 Kidderpore Hall was acquired by Westfield College, which made considerable additions to it in 1904-5, and the rest of the estate given over to the builders. Building, mostly of detached or semi-detached houses fronting Platt’s Lane, Finchley Road, Kidderpore Avenue, and Cecilia Road (later Kidderpore Gardens), was complete by 1913.

In 1886 Joseph Hoare, son of Samuel and brother of John Gurney Hoare, died after living for some 40 years at Childs Hill House. Although not pulled down until c. 1904, Childs Hill House was empty by c. 1897 when building began on the estate. Between 1897 and 1913 Ferncroft Avenue, Hollycroft Avenue and Rosecroft Avenue were laid out and mostly semi-detached houses were built by George Hart.

At much the same time building was proceeding on the Burgess Park (Temples) estate: the same builder, George Hart, was responsible for Briardale Road and Clorane Gardens, where the houses were built between 1900 and 1910. By 1913 building was complete in Burgess Hill, Ardwick Road, and Weech Road and two houses had been built in Ranulf Road. In 1901 a small piece on the western side of the Burgess Park estate was added to the cemetery. All Souls Unitarian church was built to the south at the junction with Weech Road in 1903 and Burgess Park Mansions to the north about the same time.

The cemetery did not blight development to the north and east as it had to the south and west, possibly because building north and east was necessarily later. Whereas in the 19th century proximity to cemeteries was disliked, by the 20th the open space in a built-up district was regarded as an asset. The whole of the Childs Hill area was classed in 1930 as middle-class and wealthy. There was building on all sites by the opening of the First World War and the only development between the wars was in Ranulf Road, where 13 houses were built by 1920 and the rest by 1930, at Westfield College to which additions were made in 1920-3, and at the corner of Fortune Green Road and Weech Road, where a block of flats, Weech Hall, replaced the Unitarian chapel in 1937.

In 1901 the land between Child’s Hill and Golders Green to the north was still farmland, but with the motorbuses (1906), the tube at Golders Green (1907), the trams (1909), and finally Hendon Way in 1927, farmland succumbed to suburbia, and the distinction between Golders Green and Child’s Hill was blurred.

In 1914 Hendon Urban District Council built its first council estate with 50 houses.

For entertainment Child’s Hill had The Regal in the Finchley Road (1929), which was first a skating rink then a cinema then a bowling alley.

During the Second World War bombing destroyed several houses on the Burgess Park estate. In the early 1960s many of the small Victorian houses in the Mead and around the Castle Inn were demolished.

A new block was added to Westfield College in 1962 but from 1945 until the 1980s Childs Hill remained essentially unchanged. Inhabitants have included Thomas Masaryk, later first president of Czechoslovakia, at 21 Platt’s Lane during the First World War, Leslie Brooke (d. 1940), the illustrator and father of Hampstead’s M.P. Henry, at 28 Hollycroft Avenue, and Jonas Wolfe, cinema pioneer, at no. 4 Kidderpore Avenue during the 1940s. The musical Craxton family owned 14 Kidderpore Avenue from 1945 and during the 1960s James Gunn (d. 1965), the portrait painter, lived at 7 Kidderpore Avenue.


Main source: A History of the County of Middlesex | British History Online
Further citations and sources


Click here to go to a random London street
We now have 466 completed street histories and 47034 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.


Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 10 Dec 2020 23:51 GMT   

Wellgarth Road, NW11
I lived at 15 Wellgarth Road with my parents and family from 1956 until I left home in the 70s and continued to visit my mother there until she moved in the early 80s. On the first day we moved in we kids raced around the garden and immediately discovered an air raid shelter that ran right underneath the house which I assume was added in the run-up to WW2. There was a basement room with its own entrance off the garden and right opposite where the air raid shelter emerged. In no time at all up high near the ceiling of this room, we discovered a door which, while we were little enough, we could enter by standing on some item of furniture, haul ourselves in and hide from the grownups. That room was soundproof enough for us kids to make a racket if we wanted to. But not too loud if my dad was playing billiards in the amazing wood-panelled room immediately above. We had no idea that we were living in such an historical building. To us it was just fun - and home!

Reply
LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
Watts   
Added: 17 May 2022 20:29 GMT   

Baeethoven St School, also an Annex for Paddington College of FE.
In the early 70’s I took a two year science course at Paddington CFE. The science classes were held on weekday evenings at Beethoven Street school, overseen by chemistry teacher, Mr Tattershall.

Reply

   
Added: 25 Apr 2022 22:11 GMT   

Southover, N12
Everyone knows Central Woodside is the place to be. Ever since kdog moved from finchtown, Woodside has been thriving.

Reply
Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

Reply

Brian Lynch   
Added: 10 Apr 2022 13:38 GMT   

Staples Mattress Factory
An architect’s design of the Staples Mattress Factory
An image found on the website of Dalzell’s Beds, in Armagh Northern Ireland.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 19 Feb 2022 16:21 GMT   

Harmondsworth (1939 - 1965)
I lived in a house (Lostwithiel) on the Bath Road opposite the junction with Tythe Barn Lane, now a hotel site. Initially, aircraft used one of the diagonal runways directly in line with our house. I attended Sipson Primary School opposite the Three Magpies and celebrated my 21st birthday at The Peggy Bedford in 1959.

Reply

Emma Seif   
Added: 25 Jan 2022 19:06 GMT   

Birth of the Bluestocking Society
In about 1750, Elizabeth Montagu began hosting literary breakfasts in her home at 23 (now 31) Hill Street. These are considered the first meetings of the Bluestocking society.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 14 Jan 2022 03:06 GMT   

Goldbourne Gardens W 10
I lived in Goldbourne Gardens in the 50,s very happy big bomb site

Reply

Chris Nash   
Added: 10 Jan 2022 22:54 GMT   

Shortlands Close, DA17
Shortlands Close and the flats along it were constructed in the mid-1990s. Prior to this, the area was occupied by semi-detached houses with large gardens, which dated from the post-war period and were built on the site of Railway Farm. The farm and its buildings spanned the length of Abbey Road, on the south side of the North Kent Line railway tracks.

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Child’s Hill Childs Hill, now a select area, was formerly reknowned for bricks and laundering.

THE STREETS OF CHILD’S HILL
Beaumont Gardens, NW3 Beaumont Gardens is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Beechworth Close, NW3 Beechworth Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Bentley Drive, NW2 Bentley Drive is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Briardale Gardens, NW3 Briardale Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Carlton Close, NW3 Carlton Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Cenacle Close, NW3 Cenacle Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Childs Hill Walk, NW2 Childs Hill Walk is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Church Walk, NW2 Church Walk is a street in Cricklewood.
Cloister Road, NW2 Cloister Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Crewys Road, NW2 Crewys Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Devonshire Place, NW2 Devonshire Place is a street in Cricklewood.
Eden Close, NW3 Eden Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Elm Terrace, NW2 Elm Terrace is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Elm Walk, NW3 Elm Walk is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Etrona Buildings, NW2 Etrona Buildings is a street in Cricklewood.
Finchley Road, NW2 Finchley Road runs briefly through the NW2 postcode as it passes through Childs Hill.
Gabriel Mews, NW2 Gabriel Mews is a location in London.
Garth Road, NW2 Garth Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Goldfinch Court 713a, NW11 Goldfinch Court is in Childs Hill.
Granville Road, NW2 Granville Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Hawthorn Business Park, NW2 Hawthorn Business Park is a location in London.
Heathway Court, NW3 Heathway Court is a street in Hampstead.
Hendon Way, NW11 Hendon Way is a street in Cricklewood.
Hermitage Lane, NW2 Hermitage Lane is a street in Cricklewood.
Hocroft Walk, NW2 Hocroft Walk is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Llanelly Road, NW2 Llanelly Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Llanvanor Road, NW2 Llanvanor Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Lyndale Avenue, NW2 Lyndale Avenue is a street in Cricklewood.
Madoc Close, NW11 Madoc Close is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Nant Road, NW2 Nant Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Pattison Road, NW2 Pattison Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Platt’s Lane, NW2 Platt’s Lane is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Platt’s Lane, NW3 A farmhouse on the edge of the heath was enlarged by Thomas Platt before 1811 and who gave his name to the lane.
Prospect Place, NW2 Prospect Place is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Prospect Road, NW2 Prospect Road is a street in Cricklewood.
Ridge Road, NW2 Ridge Road is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Sunnyside, NW2 Sunnyside is a street in Cricklewood.
Templewood Point, NW2 Templewood Point is a location in London.
The Vale, NW2 The Vale is a road in the NW2 postcode area
West Heath Avenue, NW3 West Heath Avenue is a road in the NW3 postcode area
West Heath Close, NW3 West Heath Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
West Heath Gardens, NW2 West Heath Gardens is a road in the NW2 postcode area
West Heath Gardens, NW2 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
West Heath Road, NW3 West Heath Road is a street in Hampstead.
Westover Hill, NW3 Westover Hill is a road in the NW3 postcode area




LOCAL PHOTOS
Click here to see map view of nearby Creative Commons images
Click here to see Creative Commons images near to this postcode
Fortune Green
TUM image id: 1557159356
Licence: CC BY 2.0
North End Road, NW11
TUM image id: 1492987726
Licence:
Bracknell Way
TUM image id: 1456924066
Licence:

Print-friendly version of this page

  Contact us · Copyright policy · Privacy policy