East India Dock Wall Road, E14

Road in/near East India, existed between 1822 and 1998

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Road · East India · E14 ·
November
25
2020

East India Dock Wall Road followed an early 19th century high stock brick wall leading to the former East India Dock.

East India Dock Wall Road was laid out as a road between 1822 and 1824 and gave access to Brunswick Wharf (built 1834) and ran parallel to Naval Row - where the two roads diverged is a connecting flight of steps for pedestrians.

The construction of warehouses along the north side of the Export Dock in 1816 led to the building of a general office at the west end of the quay. The beginnings of East India Dock Wall Road started as no more than a path to serve the building. The warehouse was a plain single-storey brick building, partly top-lit by means of a glazed lantern, with an entrance in the centre of the west front through a porch flanked by paired pilasters. This building survived until after the Second World War.

East India Dock Wall Road’s main purpose by the 1840s was to connect Blackwall station and the Brunswick Hotel landwards. Blackwall had been a railway station which served as the eastern terminus of the Commercial Railway (later the London and Blackwall Railway). It was located on the south side of the East India Docks, near the shore of the River Thames and opened on 6 July 1840. It was designed by architect William Tite in an ornate Italianate style.

Meanwhile the road developed other uses. In the 1850s, a new generation of engine houses was required at the East India Docks to provide hydraulic power for the new cranes and other hydraulically operated equipment then being introduced. At the East India Docks a hydraulic pumping station was erected in 1858 on the south side of East India Dock Wall Road.



Demolition of the East India Dock wall for road widening in 1912. On the far right is All Saints Church
(click image to enlarge)


Blackwall station - which is near to but not the same location as Blackwall DLR station - had services connecting with a ferry service to Gravesend, Kent. Before the arrival of a network of railways in England, the main way into London from the Thames estuary area was by schooner. As railways expanded, there was less and less need for a station to serve the shipping. In 1926, the General Strike halted passenger services and they were never resumed. The station was demolished in 1946 to make way for Blackwall Power Station although the branch continued to carry goods traffic until the late 1960s.

With the arrival of the Blackwall Tunnel, part of East India Dock Wall Road was closed and the area planted as part of Tunnel Gardens in 1902.

The Virginia Quay development, completed in 2000, transformed the roadscape of the area and East India Dock Wall Road finally disappeared. By 1998 there was so little of East India Dock Wall Road left that it was renumbered into the adjacent Naval Row. The line of the road became a raised pedestrian route - the newer walkway route turns north alongside the Blackwall Tunnel Approach Road.

The Blackwall station site is now under the modern Jamestown Way.

The wall itself with its interval buttresses - built to separate the import and export sections of the East India Docks - still continues along the pedestrian walk above the Blackwall Tunnel Approach. Behind the wall now is a hi-tech commercial estate, home of the Nicholas Grimshaw-designed Financial Times printworks.




Main source: Survey of London | British History Online
Further citations and sources


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Lived here
Dawn Greene    
Added: 24 Aug 2017 13:08 GMT   

22 Emily Street
My dads family lived here in 1911 maybe before still checking that out the name was Emily Gladding lived at 22 Emily Street then she married George Cassilllo y

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Lived here
   
Added: 16 Feb 2021 13:41 GMT   

Giraud Street
I lived in Giraud St in 1938/1939. I lived with my Mother May Lillian Allen & my brother James Allen (Known as Lenny) My name is Tom Allen and was evacuated to Surrey from Giraud St. I am now 90 years of age.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
danny currie   
Added: 30 Nov 2022 18:39 GMT   

dads yard
ron currie had a car breaking yard in millers yard back in the 60s good old days

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Lynette beardwood   
Added: 29 Nov 2022 20:53 GMT   

Spy’s Club
Topham’s Hotel at 24-28 Ebury Street was called the Ebury Court Hotel. Its first proprietor was a Mrs Topham. In WW2 it was a favourite watering hole for the various intelligence organisations based in the Pimlico area. The first woman infiltrated into France in 1942, FANY Yvonne Rudellat, was recruited by the Special Operations Executive while working there. She died in Bergen Belsen in April 1945.

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:39 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:38 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Lived here
Phil Stubbington   
Added: 14 Nov 2022 16:28 GMT   

Numbers 60 to 70 (1901 - 1939)
A builder, Robert Maeers (1842-1919), applied to build six houses on plots 134 to 139 on the Lincoln House Estate on 5 October 1901. He received approval on 8 October 1901. These would become numbers 60 to 70 Rodenhurst Road (60 is plot 139). Robert Maeers was born in Northleigh, Devon. In 1901 he was living in 118 Elms Road with his wife Georgina, nee Bagwell. They had four children, Allan, Edwin, Alice, and Harriet, born between 1863 and 1873.
Alice Maeers was married to John Rawlins. Harriet Maeers was married to William Street.
Three of the six houses first appear on the electoral register in 1904:
Daniel Mescal “Ferncroft”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By the 1905 electoral register all six are occupied:

Daniel Mescal “St Senans”
Henry Robert Honeywood “Grasmere”
John Rawlins “Iveydene”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Walter Ernest Manning “St Hilda”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By 1906 house numbers replace names:

Daniel Mescal 70
Henry Robert Honeywood 68
John Rawlins 66
William Francis Street 64
Walter Ernest Manning 62
Henry Elkin 60

It’s not clear whether number 70 changed from “Ferncroft” to “St Senans” or possibly Daniel Mescal moved houses.

In any event, it can be seen that Robert Maeers’ two daughters are living in numbers 64 and 66, with, according to local information, an interconnecting door. In the 1911 census William Street is shown as a banker’s clerk. John Rawlins is a chartering clerk in shipping. Robert Maeers and his wife are also living at this address, Robert being shown as a retired builder.

By 1939 all the houses are in different ownership except number 60, where the Elkins are still in residence.


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Comment
stephen garraway   
Added: 13 Nov 2022 13:56 GMT   

Martin Street, Latimer Road
I was born at St Charlottes and lived at 14, Martin Street, Latimer Road W10 until I was 4 years old when we moved to the east end. It was my Nan Grant’s House and she was the widow of George Frederick Grant. She had two sons, George and Frederick, and one daughter, my mother Margaret Patricia.
The downstairs flat where we lived had two floors, the basement and the ground floor. The upper two floors were rented to a Scot and his family, the Smiths. He had red hair. The lights and cooker were gas and there was one cold tap over a Belfast sink. A tin bath hung on the wall. The toilet was outside in the yard. This was concreted over and faced the the rear of the opposite terraces. All the yards were segregated by high brick walls. The basement had the a "best" room with a large , dark fireplace with two painted metal Alsation ornaments and it was very dark, cold and little used.
The street lights were gas and a man came round twice daily to turn them on and off using a large pole with a hook and a lighted torch on the end. I remember men coming round the streets with carts selling hot chestnuts and muffins and also the hurdy gurdy man with his instrument and a monkey in a red jacket. I also remember the first time I saw a black man and my mother pulling me away from him. He had a Trilby and pale Mackintosh so he must of been one of the first of the Windrush people. I seem to recall he had a thin moustache.
Uncle George had a small delivery lorry but mum lost touch with him and his family. Uncle Fred went to Peabody Buildings near ST.Pauls.
My Nan was moved to a maisonette in White City around 1966, and couldn’t cope with electric lights, cookers and heating and she lost all of her neighbourhood friends. Within six months she had extreme dementia and died in a horrible ward in Tooting Bec hospital a year or so later. An awful way to end her life, being moved out of her lifelong neighbourhood even though it was slums.

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Comment
   
Added: 31 Oct 2022 18:47 GMT   

Memories
I lived at 7 Conder Street in a prefab from roughly 1965 to 1971 approx - happy memories- sad to see it is no more ?

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Eve Glover   
Added: 22 Oct 2022 09:28 GMT   

Shenley Road
Shenley Road is the main street in Borehamwood where the Job Centre and Blue Arrow were located

Reply

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Click here to explore another London street
We now have 523 completed street histories and 46977 partial histories
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East India

East India is a station on the Docklands Light Railway.




LOCAL PHOTOS
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Poplar Dock
Old London postcard
TUM image id: 1603381839
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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Northern entrance to the Blackwall Tunnel (1899)
Credit: Unknown
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Poplar Dock
Old London postcard
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Air raid damage at Athol Street bus garage, Poplar View of the damage caused to the garage roof. It can be seen that several of the roofing panels are missing, whilst others are damaged. A line-up of seven STL-type buses can be seen on the left.
Credit: Topical Press/London Transport Collection
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Pirates were publicly hanged at Execution Dock in Wapping. The bodies of the pirates amongst them were placed in a cage and brought further downstream to Blackwall Point, the northernmost tip of the Greenwich Peninsula. They would then be left in the cages and left to rot - a warning to ships passing through into London.
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The Brunswick Hotel at Blackwall in March 1929.
Credit: A.G. Linney (Museum of London)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


East India Dock Gates and the entrance to Blackwall Tunnel (1929). The photograph is taken from the corner of Woolmore Street and Robin Hood Lane. In the background is the Poplar Hospital for Accidents
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