Dunk Street, E1

Road in/near Whitechapel, existed from 1690 but redeveloped after the Second World War.

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(51.51924 -0.06724, 51.519 -0.067) 
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Road · * · E1 ·
JANUARY
10
2024
Dunk Street ran parallel to Great Garden Street (now Greatorex Street) to the west and King Edward Street, which has also ceased to exist, to the east.

Dunk Street stretched approximately 200 metres from Old Montague Street to Hanbury Street, situated about 300 metres east of Baker’s Row, which is now the southern section of Vallance Road.

In 1643, Edward Montague, William Montague, and Mawrice Tresham acquired property from William Smith and others in the future Mile End New Town and Spitalfields areas.

This property comprised around forty-two or forty-three acres, which included five enclosed fields, a nursery, and a garden plot. A portion of this land would later become the southern half of Mile End New Town. Edward Montague eventually came into possession of all this land by approximately 1680.

The name Pelham Street was derived from Edward Montague’s wife, Elizabeth Pelham, who held ownership prior to their marriage.

In 1691, Elizabeth Pelham obtained a private Act that allowed her to grant leases for the rebuilding of dilapidated properties on her estates in Spitalfields and Mile End New Town. These estates were eventually passed down to their son, George Montague, who became the second Baron Halifax and the first Earl of Halifax of the third creation after the death of his uncle, Charles Montague, Earl of Halifax, in 1715. George was succeeded by his son, George, the second Earl, who took on the name Montague-Dunk upon marrying Ann Dunk in 1741. The title lapsed upon his death in 1771, and the Mile End New Town estates were inherited by his nephew, Sir George Osborn. The Osborn family retained ownership of the entire property until 1849 when more than half of it was sold to settle mortgages.

Building development in the area began in the 1680s, particularly in a six-acre section known as Bradshaw’s Close, located east of Brick Lane. Within this area, several streets were laid out. Pelham Street (Woodseer Street) extended between Brick Lane and Spital Street, Montague Street (previously the eastern arm of Brown’s Lane, now Hanbury Street) ran parallel to it, and Booth Street (Princelet Street) connected Brick Lane and Spelman Street.

Moving further east, Montague Street continued as Well Street (now Hanbury Street) between Spital Street and Greatorex Street, and Church Street (also now Hanbury Street) extended from Greatorex Street to Vallance Road.

Pelham Street was originally intended to continue further east, as depicted on Gascoine’s map of 1703, stretching across the northern part of the open meadow known as Coverley’s Fields. Three short north-south streets were present: Spital Street (southern portion), Silver Street (also known as White Cross Street, now the northern end of Spelman Street), and Lombard Street (now Daplyn Street).

To the south of Church Street, there was the High Street (now part of Greatorex Street), which served as the main thoroughfare leading to Whitechapel. At its lower end, there was a barrier that was eventually removed by an Act of 1780. East of the High Street, King Edward Street (now Kingward Street) existed, and Duke Street (later Dunk Street) was planned as a third north-south road, positioned midway between the High Street and King Edward Street.

According to Rocque’s map of 1746, there was limited progress in building development in the eastern part of the estate since 1700. Long Street, located east of the High Street, was not yet fully formed, and there were only two small blocks of buildings on the north side. King Edward Street had only a few houses at its southeastern corner, along with a terrace initiated by Heatley on the west side. Dunk Street abruptly ended, reaching only a quarter of its intended length.

Building progressed in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. Horwood’s map of 1799 shows that Dunk Street had been completed.

By the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of the population residing in the area were Jewish, comprising approximately 95-100% of the residents. Dunk Street alone boasted five synagogues, reflecting the religious and cultural importance of the neighbourhood.

The entire neighbourhood where Dunk Street once stood, located in London’s East End, has undergone redevelopment, resulting in the street’s disappearance.


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Main source: A London Inheritance - A Private History of a Public City
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Born here
Carolyn Hirst   
Added: 16 Jul 2022 15:21 GMT   

Henry James Hirst
My second great grandfather Henry James Hirst was born at 18 New Road on 11 February 1861. He was the eighth of the eleven children of Rowland and Isabella Hirst. I think that this part of New Road was also known at the time as Gloucester Terrace.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
Mike Dowling   
Added: 15 Jun 2024 15:51 GMT   

Family ties (1936 - 1963)
The Dowling family lived at number 13 Undercliffe Road for
Nearly 26 years. Next door was the Harris family

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Comment
Evie Helen   
Added: 13 Jun 2024 00:03 GMT   

Vickers Road
The road ’Vickers Road’ is numbered rather differently to other roads in the area as it was originally built as housing for the "Vickers" arms factory in the late 1800’s and early 1900s. Most of the houses still retain the original 19th century tiling and drainage outside of the front doors.

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Paul Harris    
Added: 12 Jun 2024 12:54 GMT   

Ellen Place, E1
My mother’s father and his family lived at 31 Ellen Place London E1 have a copy of the 1911 census showing this

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 10 Jun 2024 19:31 GMT   

Toll gate Close
Did anyone live at Toll Gate Close, which was built in the area where the baths had been?

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Charles Black   
Added: 24 May 2024 12:54 GMT   

Middle Row, W10
Middle Row was notable for its bus garage, home of the number 7.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 2 May 2024 16:14 GMT   

Farm Place, W8
The previous name of Farm Place was Ernest St (no A)

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Comment
Tony Whipple   
Added: 16 Apr 2024 21:35 GMT   

Frank Whipple Place, E14
Frank was my great-uncle, I’d often be ’babysat’ by Peggy while Nan and Dad went to the pub. Peggy was a marvel, so full of life. My Dad and Frank didn’t agree on most politics but everyone in the family is proud of him. A genuinely nice, knowledgable bloke. One of a kind.

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Comment
Theresa Penney   
Added: 16 Apr 2024 18:08 GMT   

1 Whites Row
My 2 x great grandparents and his family lived here according to the 1841 census. They were Dutch Ashkenazi Jews born in Amsterdam at the beginning of the 19th century but all their children were born in Spitalfields.

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LOCAL PHOTOS
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Byward Tower, 1893
TUM image id: 1556882285
Licence: CC BY 2.0
46 Aldgate High Street
TUM image id: 1490910153
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The Boar’s Head was located on the north side of Whitechapel High Street. The Boar’s Head was originally an inn, which was built in the 1530s; it underwent two renovations for use as a playhouse: first, in 1598, when a simple stage was erected, and a second, more elaborate renovation in 1599.
Credit: Unknown
Licence:


The Third Goodmans Fields Theatre, Great Alie Street (1801)
Credit: W. W. Hutchings
Licence:


Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) addressing a "smoking debate" at Toynbee Hall (1902)
Licence:


The Whitechapel Gallery was designed by Charles Harrison Townsend and opened in 1901. It was one of the first publicly funded galleries in London. The gallery exhibited Pablo Picasso’s Guernica in 1938 as part of a touring exhibition organised by Roland Penrose to protest against the Spanish Civil War. Initiated by members of the Independent Group, the gallery brought Pop Art to the attention of the general public as well as introducing some of the artists, concepts, designers and photographers that would define the Swinging Sixties.
Credit: LeHaye/Wiki Commons
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Middlesex Street (Petticoat Lane) on the site of Sandy’s Row (1912)
Credit: CA Mathew/Bishopsgate Institute
Licence: CC BY 2.0


A view east along Whitechapel Road including the Pavilion Theatre. The Pavilion was the first major theatre to open in the East End. It opened in 1827 and closed in 1935.
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46 Aldgate High Street
Licence: CC BY 2.0


St Mary’s (Whitechapel) station (1916) This existed between 1884 and 1938 between Aldgate East and Whitechapel.
Licence:


Brick Lane streetsign.
Credit: James Cridland
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Boy digging up an asphalt pavement in the East End (1899)
Credit: H J Malby
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