Heath Row

Hamlet in/near Heathrow, existing until 1944.

(51.471 -0.456, 51.471 -0.456) 
MAP YEAR:175018001810182018301860190019502023Show map without markers
ZOOM:14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18
TIP: To create your own sharable map, right click on the map
Hamlet · Heathrow · TW6 ·
Heath Row was a medieval settlement which gave its name to the airport.

Until 1819, the area bounded by Heathrow Road, Tithe Barn Lane and Bath Road was one of the open fields of Harmondsworth Parish and was known as Heath Row Field. In 1819 came enclosure.

The settlement of Heath Row was spread out in a straggling manner mostly on the west side of Heathrow Road. The name described its layout - a row (of houses) by a heath. On one side were smallholdings and farms of fields and orchards which ran for a little over one mile. The name Heath Row with this spelling dates to 1453.

The area to the south and east of Heathrow Road was common land of the parish and formed the western edge of Hounslow Heath: a mixture of pasture, hunting and foraging land on less fertile heath.

Although most of the agricultural land in West Middlesex was in use for market gardening, mixed farming was also practised at Heath Row itself. Later, this made it more attractive than the rest of the locality - mixed farming, unlike market gardening, could in the 1930s exist quite happily with trees and hedgerows.

The presence of numerous ponds and historic farmhouses added to the attractions of the hamlet of Heath Row. Heathrow Road was renowned for being a riot of wild flowers in the Spring. Flowers such as red and white campion, ragged robin, harebells, ox-eye daisies abounded with willow herb and yellow iris beside the ponds.

Heath Row spanned, north to south and then to west, from Kings Arbour orchard to Perry Oaks Farm, lined with buildings and orchards along Heathrow Road. All the homes and farms clung to this 90 degree-turning lane.

Heath Row had an unusual and continuing agricultural focus being so close to London. It had no terraces but instead small cottages and a few larger houses in large grounds.

Two lanes broke off Heathrow Road - Cain’s Lane to New Bedfont and High Tree Lane to West Bedfont. At the top of Cain’s Lane was in the 1910s an Anglican Mission room in the heart of the orchards and fields of Perrotts Farm.

A sizeable Neolithic settlement is believed to have been in the Heathrow area. Waste pits filled with struck flint, arrowheads and fragments of pottery were also found.

Agriculture was the main source of income for residents in Heath Row hamlet. The underlying brickearth and gravel made for reliable farming for fruit trees, vegetables and flowers. The soil held manure well and London markets were in easy reach of these perishable cash crops. Most residents were involved in the large West Middlesex market gardening concerns.

Often several sorts of fruit were mixed in the orchards where a lot of such soft fruit was grown, often under the fruit trees. Sometimes vegetables or flowers were grown under the fruit trees. An author in 1907 reported "thousands and thousands" of cherry, plum, pear, apple and damson trees.

In the 1910s a small gravel pit, of just under an acre, was built on the east side of Tithe Barn Lane where today’s Compass Centre stands.

After the First World War, the amount of fruit-growing in the area decreased due to demand for more market gardening land. By 1939, less than 10% of the orchard area was left.

Produce was taken to Covent Garden market - 14 miles away - or by smaller growers to Brentford market. Until motor trucks came, Covent Garden was about six hours away at laden horse-and-wagon speed. Goods had to set off before 10pm the previous day to reach the market when it opened at 4am. Many residents grew produce that they would travel into London with to sell. On the return journey, they collected manure for farming.

After horse manure became less available due to the rise motor traffic, local farmworkers started using sewage sludge from the Perry Oaks sewage works (opened 1936) as fertiliser.

Heathrow was away from main roads and this kept it secluded and quiet. Parts of Heath Row held on to old-style mixed farming. It was chosen for the Middlesex area horse-drawn ploughing competitions which needed land which was under stubble after harvest.

In the 1930s Heathrow Hall and Perry Oaks were mixed farms with cattle, wheat, sheep and pigs. The other farms were largely market garden and orchards.

In May 1944, the bulldozers arrive to obliterate all traces of Heath Row.


We shall remember thee in days to come
Before the ruthless hand of man had spoiled
When sweet peace lingered on thy country brow,
The day when sound of plover lulled thee,
The night when screech owl loved thy lonely shade
We shall remember thee although the time
Of visitation great had come!
No longer is there peace within thy gates
That peace which was thy birthright. Now they come
They strip the wealth and riches from the soil
Although most fertile land in all the south,
But now the tyrant’s hand has claimed thee,
Cruel progress could not pass unheeding by.
Soon will be nought to mark thy hedges trim
No hedge, no tree, no wayside flowerets fair
Naught that is lovely left. Oh woe the day!
Long years have passed since Rome raised camp on thee,
And yet they passed and left thee undisturbed
Hadst thou a voice couldst tell us of thy past,
But now men want to rob of all thy grace
Full comely thou dost seem as we must go
And so “Goodbye” – a long last farewell.
For some short time the larks may still come home
The weasel, mole and field mouse tunnel round;
Yet as the circling days go swiftly by
Soon will be gone all traces of the past
Save in our memories fond – we still
Remember Heathrow.

John Wild 1944

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

Click here to explore another London street
We now have 642 completed street histories and 46858 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


Lived here
Added: 19 Feb 2022 16:21 GMT   

Harmondsworth (1939 - 1965)
I lived in a house (Lostwithiel) on the Bath Road opposite the junction with Tythe Barn Lane, now a hotel site. Initially, aircraft used one of the diagonal runways directly in line with our house. I attended Sipson Primary School opposite the Three Magpies and celebrated my 21st birthday at The Peggy Bedford in 1959.

Added: 30 May 2022 19:03 GMT   

The Three Magpies
Row of houses (centre) was on Heathrow Rd....Ben’s Cafe shack ( foreground ) and the Three Magpies pub (far right) were on the Bath Rd



Added: 24 Sep 2023 19:09 GMT   

Meyrick Rd
My family - Roe - lived in poverty at 158 Meyrick Rd in the 1920s, moving to 18 Lavender Terrace in 1935. They also lived in York Rd at one point. Alf, Nell (Ellen), plus children John, Ellen (Did), Gladys, Joyce & various lodgers. Alf worked for the railway (LMS).

Born here
Added: 20 Sep 2023 21:10 GMT   

Momentous Birth!
I was born in the upstairs front room of 28 Tyrrell Avenue in August 1938. I was a breach birth and quite heavy ( poor Mum!). My parents moved to that end of terrace house from another rental in St Mary Cray where my three year older brother had been born in 1935. The estate was quite new in 1938 and all the properties were rented. My Father was a Postman. I grew up at no 28 all through WWII and later went to Little Dansington School


Mike Levy   
Added: 19 Sep 2023 18:10 GMT   

Bombing of Arbour Square in the Blitz
On the night of September 7, 1940. Hyman Lubosky (age 35), his wife Fay (or Fanny)(age 32) and their son Martin (age 17 months) died at 11 Arbour Square. They are buried together in Rainham Jewish Cemetery. Their grave stones read: "Killed by enemy action"


Lady Townshend   
Added: 8 Sep 2023 16:02 GMT   

Tenant at Westbourne (1807 - 1811)
I think that the 3rd Marquess Townshend - at that time Lord Chartley - was a tenant living either at Westbourne Manor or at Bridge House. He undertook considerable building work there as well as creating gardens. I am trying to trace which house it was. Any ideas gratefully received


Alex Britton   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 10:43 GMT   

Late opening
The tracks through Roding Valley were opened on 1 May 1903 by the Great Eastern Railway (GER) on its Woodford to Ilford line (the Fairlop Loop).

But the station was not opened until 3 February 1936 by the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER, successor to the GER).

Source: Roding Valley tube station - Wikipedia

Kevin Pont   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 09:52 GMT   

Roding Valley is the quietest tube station, each year transporting the same number of passengers as Waterloo does in one day.


Kevin Pont   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 09:47 GMT   

The connection with Bletchley Park
The code-breaking computer used at Bletchley Park was built in Dollis Hill.

Kevin Pont   
Added: 29 Aug 2023 15:25 GMT   

The deepest station
At 58m below ground, Hampstead is as deep as Nelson’s Column is tall.

Source: Hampstead tube station - Wikipedia


Heath Row Heath Row was a medieval settlement which gave its name to the airport.
Heathrow Heathrow Airport itself began in 1944 - its underground station opened in 1977.
Heathrow Airport Central bus station Heathrow Airport Central bus station serves London Heathrow Airport.
Heathrow Airside Road Tunnel The Heathrow Airside Road Tunnel (ART) is a tunnel at London Heathrow Airport.
Heathrow Terminal 1 Heathrow Terminal 1 is a disused airport terminal at London Heathrow Airport that was in operation between 1968 to 2015.
Plough and Harrow The Plough and Harrow was situated on Heathrow Road between the junctions of Cain’s Lane and High Tree Lane.
St George’s Interdenominational Chapel St George’s Interdenominational Chapel is a place of worship situated in Heathrow Airport.

Boiler House, TW19 Boiler House is a block on Camborne Crescent.
Calshot Way, TW6 Calshot Way snakes around the tunnel entrance to the central area of Heathrow Airport.
Calshott Road, TW6 Calshott Road is one of a series of named roads in the central area of Heathrow Airport which serve as access roads.
Camborne Close, TW6 Camborne Close is a road in the TW6 postcode area
Camborne Crescent, TW6 Camborne Crescent is a service road for Heathrow Terminal 3.
Canberra Road, TW6 Canberra Road is one of the service roads of the central area of Heathrow.
Celsius Road, TW6 Celsius Road lies outside Terminal 2.
Cheddar Road, TW6 Cheddar Road is a road in the TW6 postcode area
Chipstead Road, TW6 Chipstead Road is a service road behind Heathrow Terminal 3.
Condor Way, TW6 Condor Way is a Heathrow Airport access road.
Constellation Way, TW6 Constellation Way is an access road within the central area of Heathrow Airport.
Contrail Way, TW6 Contrail Way is a major access road within Heathrow Airport.
Courtney Road, TW6 Courtney Road is a road in the TW6 postcode area
Courtney Way, TW6 Courtney Way is a road in the TW6 postcode area
Cromer Road West, TW6 Cromer Road West is a road serving Heathrow Airport.
Cromer Road, TW6 Cromer Road serves Heathrow Car Park 1A.
Croydon Road, TW6 Croydon Road is a road of Heathrow Airport.
D’Albiac House, TW6 D’Albiac House is a major block in the central area of Heathrow Airport.
Inner Ring East, TW6 Inner Ring East is a major Heathrow route.
Inner Ring West, TW6 Inner Ring West is a road serving the central area of Heathrow Airport.
Market garden house (north side), TW6 A market garden house, north side, George Dance and Sons lived there, according to Philip Sherwood.
Market garden house, TW6 According to Philip Sherwood, a small market garden house nearly opposite the Plough and Harrow. John Dance lived there.
Pease Path, TW6 Pease Path was a semi-formal road in the Heathrow area prior to 1944.

Plough and Harrow The Plough and Harrow was situated on Heathrow Road between the junctions of Cain’s Lane and High Tree Lane.

Click here to explore another London street
We now have 634 completed street histories and 46866 partial histories


Heathrow Airport itself began in 1944 - its underground station opened in 1977.

Heathrow Central station opened on 16 December 1977 as the final terminus of the Piccadilly line’s extension from Hounslow West to Heathrow Airport. The preceding station on the line - Hatton Cross - had opened as a temporary terminus in 1975.

At its opening, Heathrow Central station served as the terminus of what then became known as the Heathrow branch of the line. Previously the branch had been called the Hounslow branch. 1977 was the first time that an airport had been directly served by an underground railway system.

With the development of the airport’s Terminal 4, this station renamed Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 on 6 October 1986. With the closure of Terminal 1, a new renaming occurred.

Click here to see map view of nearby Creative Commons images
Click here to see Creative Commons images near to this postcode
Oak tree
Credit: Wiki Commons
TUM image id: 1644847799
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Heathrow Hall, 1935.
TUM image id: 1503231819
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Perrott’s Farm
TUM image id: 1503239496
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Similar style cottages in Heath Row - assumed not to be this exact location due to the building pictured in the background.

Oak tree
Credit: Wiki Commons
Licence: CC BY 2.0

British Airways Concordes gathering to sniff the back of a freshly-built one, deciding whether to let it into their group

Heathrow Hall, 1935.
Licence: CC BY 2.0

The 19th century “Plough and Harrow” public house, Heathrow. Heathrow Road was a little rural lane running through market gardens between the Bath Road and Perry Oaks. Halfway way along its length was the Plough and Harrow pub. In the 1930s it was run by a Mr Basham, an ex-policeman. It was demolished in 1944 as plans were drawn up for a larger airport to replace the existing London Airport at Croydon. This is possibly one of the most altered locations in the London area - you can experience the site of the pub by visiting WH Smith in the Arrivals area of Heathrow Terminal 2.

Perrott’s Farm
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Print-friendly version of this page

  Contact us · Copyright policy · Privacy policy