Tenter Ground

Open space in/near Shoreditch, existed between 1650 and 1927

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Open space · Shoreditch · EC2A ·
December
7
2020
Tenter Ground harks back to the seventeenth century when this patch of land was surrounded by weavers’ houses and workshops and used to wash and stretch their fabrics on ’tenters’ to dry.

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The ground was established by the French Protestant Huguenot weavers, who had fled to Spitalfields from Catholic persecutors in France during the seventeenth century.

This area was bounded in the seventeenth century by Lolesworth field and the Wheler estate on the north, Wentworth Street and the hamlet boundary on the south, Rose Lane on the east and Bell Lane on the west. The bounding streets on the south, east and west were built up by the 1640s and the northern boundary was formed into the south side of White’s Row in about 1650. The central plot of ground remained open, however, until the second decade of the nineteenth century and was the last part of Spitalfields to be formed into streets.

In 1550 the area had, like the later Fossan and Halifax estates to the east and west, formed part of two closes in the Manor of Stepney lying between Hog Lane (Middlesex Street) and Brick Lane. By about 1642 it was, like the Fossan estate, held on lease by William Smyth. The Rose Lane and Wentworth Street frontages were then completely built up. The Bell Lane frontage, on which the buildings were said to be wholly of brick, lay partly open to the nineteen tenters in the possession of a Mr Seed which lay between Bell Lane and Rose Lane. In Bell Lane also were ’the Shedds or Little houses for the Teinder men to laie their Toulesin and sometimes their Clothes’.

In July 1650 Smyth, who had with others acquired possession of the manor in March 1642/3, made, together with John Smyth of the Middle Temple, esquire, a conveyance of the northern part of this area to Joseph Gull, senior, of Little Bardfleld, Essex, yeoman, and William Hickman of St. Alban’s, Hertfordshire, ironmonger, for the use of Nathaniel Tilly of London, gentleman. It included the then unbuilt northern boundary, houses in Rose Lane and Bell Lane and half the soil of those streets, on east and west, and between them ’that parcell of ground whereon taynters or Cloth Rackes stand’. Other ground of Nathaniel Tilly lay to its south-west or south, where it also reached the backs of houses and yards in Wentworth Street. The south side of White’s Row was evidently built-up without delay by Nathaniel Tilly, but the rest of the area was left open.

The Tilly property did not include the houses in Wentworth Street, two of which were conveyed by William and John Smyth to Bartholomew Fossan as co-trustee for John and Robert Bumpstead on the same day as the conveyance to the use of Nathaniel Tilly.

By 1707 Tilly’s property was owned by Nathaniel Shepherd, who, like one of Nathaniel Tilly’s trustees, was of St. Alban’s. It was under a lease from him that No. 5 White’s Row was built, probably in the 1730s. Shepherd at that time reserved the right to prevent access from White’s Row to the Tenter Ground, which was still entered through a ’Teynter Gate’ in Bell Lane.

In 1736 the use of ground south of the tenters was included in a lease of houses in Bell Lane to two dyers by Shepherd’s widow, who reserved to herself ’the Grass and Herbage of the said piece of ground’. In 1768 the estate was owned by Miss Mary Freeman Shepherd.

By 1810 the tenter ground site was owned by John Butler of Johns Terrace, Hackney Road, Shoreditch, who was responsible for laying it out in streets during the next twelve years or so. In that year he granted a lease of No. 2 White’s Row together with ground on its south ’intended to be formed into or made a new street called Tilley Street’ (in fact called Tenter Street), and included specifications for any building erected by the lessee in the new street as a ’third-rate’ house. Horwood’s map of 1819 shows the estate half-completed and it is shown fully built in Greenwood’s map surveyed in 1824–6.

None of the first lessees seem to have taken the site of more than four houses and most took only one. Not all the lessees were builders, but a number of builders occur. These included Thomas Burton of White’s Row, carpenter; James Freeman of St. Mary Axe, builder; Samuel Hetherington Hurt of Whitechapel Road, carpenter; James Love of Seward Street, Goswell Street, carpenter; John McNeal of No. 5 White’s Row, carpenter; John Stebbing of Red Cow Lane, builder; and Hervey John Tredeman of No. 12 Flower and Dean Street, stonemason.

The leases contained provision for the payment to Butler of a yearly sum, additional to the rent, for his maintenance of the roadway and pavements.

The layout was designed to give the maximum street frontage, with little space at the back of houses either in the cross-streets or in the outer streets, between which and the surrounding roads a number of narrow courts were formed. A ’twine-ground’ ran between Shepherd Street and Rose Lane and was swept away when Commercial Street was formed. The only regular access was from two entrances in White’s Row, the westernmost being the stuccoed archway bearing the name ’Shepherd’s Place’. Except for a narrow outlet to Ann’s Place, in the south-east corner, which may be of later date, the estate formed a large cul-de-sac.

The houses were small, with a frontage of fifteen feet, and were probably not particularly well built since within forty years at least one had fallen down.

All of this estate, with the exception of the north side of Butler Street (now Brune Street) and the northern end of Tenter Street (now Tenter Ground), was demolished for the erection of the London County Council Holland estate in 1927–1936.




Main source: Survey of London
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Lived here
Katharina Logan   
Added: 9 Aug 2022 19:01 GMT   

Ely place existed in name in 1857
On 7th July 1857 John James Chase and Mary Ann Weekes were married at St John the Baptist Hoxton, he of full age and she a minor. Both parties list their place of residence as Ely Place, yet according to other information, this street was not named until 1861. He was a bricklayer, she had no occupation listed, but both were literate and able to sign their names on their marriage certificate.

Source: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSF7-Q9Y7?cc=3734475

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Marion James   
Added: 12 Mar 2021 17:43 GMT   

26 Edith Street Haggerston
On Monday 11th October 1880 Charlotte Alice Haynes was born at 26 Edith Street Haggerston the home address of her parents her father Francis Haynes a Gilder by trade and her mother Charlotte Alice Haynes and her two older siblings Francis & George who all welcomed the new born baby girl into the world as they lived in part of the small Victorian terraced house which was shared by another family had an outlook view onto the world of the Imperial Gas Works site - a very grey drab reality of the life they were living as an East End working class family - 26 Edith Street no longer stands in 2021 - the small rundown polluted terrace houses of Edith Street are long since gone along with the Gas Companies buildings to be replaced with green open parkland that is popular in 21st century by the trendy residents of today - Charlotte Alice Haynes (1880-1973) is the wife of my Great Grand Uncle Henry Pickett (1878-1930) As I research my family history I slowly begin to understand the life my descendants had to live and the hardships that they went through to survive - London is my home and there are many areas of this great city I find many of my descendants living working and dying in - I am yet to find the golden chalice! But in all truthfulness my family history is so much more than hobby its an understanding of who I am as I gather their stories. Did Charlotte Alice Pickett nee Haynes go on to live a wonderful life - no I do not think so as she became a widow in 1930 worked in a canteen and never remarried living her life in and around Haggerston & Hackney until her death in 1973 with her final resting place at Manor Park Cemetery - I think Charlotte most likely excepted her lot in life like many women from her day, having been born in the Victorian era where the woman had less choice and standing in society, which is a sad state of affairs - So I will endeavour to write about Charlotte and the many other women in my family history to give them the voice of a life they so richly deserve to be recorded !

Edith Street was well situated for the new public transport of two railway stations in 1880 :- Haggerston Railway Station opened in 1867 & Cambridge Heath Railway Station opened in 1872


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Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

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Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

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Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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Comment
   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

correction
Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:39 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:38 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Lived here
Phil Stubbington   
Added: 14 Nov 2022 16:28 GMT   

Numbers 60 to 70 (1901 - 1939)
A builder, Robert Maeers (1842-1919), applied to build six houses on plots 134 to 139 on the Lincoln House Estate on 5 October 1901. He received approval on 8 October 1901. These would become numbers 60 to 70 Rodenhurst Road (60 is plot 139). Robert Maeers was born in Northleigh, Devon. In 1901 he was living in 118 Elms Road with his wife Georgina, nee Bagwell. They had four children, Allan, Edwin, Alice, and Harriet, born between 1863 and 1873.
Alice Maeers was married to John Rawlins. Harriet Maeers was married to William Street.
Three of the six houses first appear on the electoral register in 1904:
Daniel Mescal “Ferncroft”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By the 1905 electoral register all six are occupied:

Daniel Mescal “St Senans”
Henry Robert Honeywood “Grasmere”
John Rawlins “Iveydene”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Walter Ernest Manning “St Hilda”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By 1906 house numbers replace names:

Daniel Mescal 70
Henry Robert Honeywood 68
John Rawlins 66
William Francis Street 64
Walter Ernest Manning 62
Henry Elkin 60

It’s not clear whether number 70 changed from “Ferncroft” to “St Senans” or possibly Daniel Mescal moved houses.

In any event, it can be seen that Robert Maeers’ two daughters are living in numbers 64 and 66, with, according to local information, an interconnecting door. In the 1911 census William Street is shown as a banker’s clerk. John Rawlins is a chartering clerk in shipping. Robert Maeers and his wife are also living at this address, Robert being shown as a retired builder.

By 1939 all the houses are in different ownership except number 60, where the Elkins are still in residence.


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stephen garraway   
Added: 13 Nov 2022 13:56 GMT   

Martin Street, Latimer Road
I was born at St Charlottes and lived at 14, Martin Street, Latimer Road W10 until I was 4 years old when we moved to the east end. It was my Nan Grant’s House and she was the widow of George Frederick Grant. She had two sons, George and Frederick, and one daughter, my mother Margaret Patricia.
The downstairs flat where we lived had two floors, the basement and the ground floor. The upper two floors were rented to a Scot and his family, the Smiths. He had red hair. The lights and cooker were gas and there was one cold tap over a Belfast sink. A tin bath hung on the wall. The toilet was outside in the yard. This was concreted over and faced the the rear of the opposite terraces. All the yards were segregated by high brick walls. The basement had the a "best" room with a large , dark fireplace with two painted metal Alsation ornaments and it was very dark, cold and little used.
The street lights were gas and a man came round twice daily to turn them on and off using a large pole with a hook and a lighted torch on the end. I remember men coming round the streets with carts selling hot chestnuts and muffins and also the hurdy gurdy man with his instrument and a monkey in a red jacket. I also remember the first time I saw a black man and my mother pulling me away from him. He had a Trilby and pale Mackintosh so he must of been one of the first of the Windrush people. I seem to recall he had a thin moustache.
Uncle George had a small delivery lorry but mum lost touch with him and his family. Uncle Fred went to Peabody Buildings near ST.Pauls.
My Nan was moved to a maisonette in White City around 1966, and couldn’t cope with electric lights, cookers and heating and she lost all of her neighbourhood friends. Within six months she had extreme dementia and died in a horrible ward in Tooting Bec hospital a year or so later. An awful way to end her life, being moved out of her lifelong neighbourhood even though it was slums.

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Comment
   
Added: 31 Oct 2022 18:47 GMT   

Memories
I lived at 7 Conder Street in a prefab from roughly 1965 to 1971 approx - happy memories- sad to see it is no more ?

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Eve Glover   
Added: 22 Oct 2022 09:28 GMT   

Shenley Road
Shenley Road is the main street in Borehamwood where the Job Centre and Blue Arrow were located

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Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
190 Bishopsgate A 1912 view of the City.
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Honourable Artillery Company Museum The Honourable Artillery Company Museum opened in 1987.
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Shoreditch Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. It is a built-up district located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Charing Cross.
Tenter Ground Tenter Ground harks back to the seventeenth century when this patch of land was surrounded by weavers’ houses and workshops and used to wash and stretch their fabrics on ’tenters’ to dry.
Wesley’s Chapel Wesley’s Chapel - originally the City Road Chapel - is a Methodist church built under the direction of John Wesley.
Whitefield’s Tabernacle Whitefield’s Tabernacle is a former church at the corner of Tabernacle Street and Leonard Street.

NEARBY STREETS
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Calvin Street, E1 Calvin Street was part of the Wheler Estate.
Catherine Wheel Alley, EC2M Catherine Wheel Alley is an old alleyway here.
Celia Blairman House, E1 Residential block
Chance Street, E1 Chance Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
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Coppergate House, E1 Residential block
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Dorset Street, E1 Dorset Street was a small thoroughfare running east-west from Crispin Street to Commercial Street.
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East Street, E1 East Street was one of the entrances into Spitalfields Market.
Ebor Street, E1 Ebor Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Elder Street, E1 Elder Street was laid out from 1722 as part of the St John and Tillard Estate.
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Folgate Street, E1 Folgate Street, formerly White Lion Yard and White Lion Street, has 17th century origins.
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Fort Street, E1 Fort Street was formerly Duke Street.
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Gatesborough Street, EC2A Gatesborough Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Great Eastern Street, EC2A Great Eastern Street was laid out in 1872-6
Gun Street, E1 Gun Street was part of the Old Artillery Ground - land formerly designated one of the Liberties of the Tower of London.
Gun Yard, E1 Gun Yard ran west out of Norton Folgate.
Hearn Street, EC2A Hearn Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Hewett Street, EC2A Hewett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
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Magpie Alley, E1 Magpie Alley was an old name for the western section of Fleur de Lys Street.
Mark Street, EC2A Mark Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Market Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mill House, EC2A Residential block
Monmouth House, E1 Residential block
Moor Alley, EC2M Moor Alley ran from Norton Folgate to Moor’s Garden.
Moor’s Garden, EC2P Moor’s Garden was buried under the platforms of Liverpool Street station.
Moorfields, EC2Y Moorfields is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Moorgate Hall, EC2M Moorgate Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Moorgate, EC2M Moorgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Nantes Passage, E1 Nantes Passage (also Church Passage) was built for Huguenot weavers.
New Inn Broadway, EC2A New Inn Broadway is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New Inn Yard, E1 New Inn Yard once ran through Holywell Priory at the western end of which was the world’s first ’theatre’.
New North Place, EC2A New North Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
New Union Street, EC2Y New Union Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
North Street, E1 North Street was one of the named entrance streets into Old Spitalfields Market.
Norton Folgate, E1 Norton Folgate links Bishopsgate and Shoreditch High Street.
Octagon Arcade, EC2M Octagon Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Oliver’s Yard, EC2A Oliver’s Yard is a road in the EC2A postcode area
One Ropemaker Street, EC2Y One Ropemaker Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Parliament Court, E1 Parliament Court was laid out in the 1680s as part of the development of the Old Artillery Ground.
Paul Street, EC2A Paul Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Paxton House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Phipp Street, EC2A Phipp Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Pindar Street, EC2A Pindar Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Plough Yard, EC2A Plough Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Primrose Street, EC2A Primrose Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Primrose Street, EC2A Primrose Street is a location in London.
Principal Place, EC2A Principal Place is a location in London.
Railway Arches, EC2A Railway Arches is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Redchurch Street, E1 Redchurch Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Ropemaker Street, EC2M Ropemaker Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Rose Court, E1 Rose Court runs off Widegate Street.
Salisbury House, EC2M Salisbury House can be found on London Wall
Sandy’s Row, E1 Sandy’s Row runs along the City of London boundary.
Sandy’s Street, EC2M Sandy’s Street disappeared when Middlesex Street was extended in the 1890s.
Scrutton Street, EC2A Scrutton Street is the eastern extension of Epworth Street.
Shoreditch High Street, E1 Shoreditch High Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shoreditch High Street, EC2A Shoreditch High Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Shoreditch High Street, EC2A Shoreditch High Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Shoreditch High Street, EC2A This is a street in the E8 postcode area
Silwex House, E1 Residential block
Snowden Street, EC2A Snowden Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
South Place, EC2M South Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
South Street, E1 South Street provided access from Brushfield Street into Spitalfields Market.
Spital Square, E1 Spital Square was started in 1733.
Spital Yard, E1 Spital Yard is a mews of 17th century origins, serving the backs of houses on Norton Folgate and Spital Square.
St. John’s Drive, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Standard Place, EC2A Standard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Steward Street, E1 Steward Street ran further north originally that it does now.
Stothard Place, E1 Stothard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Strype Street, E1 John Strype, who became an antiquary, historian and parson was the son of a Huguenot weaver and born near here in 1643.
Sun Street Passage, EC2M Sun Street Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Sun Street, EC2M Sun Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Tabernacle Street, EC2A Tabernacle Street was where George Whitefield’s ’Tabernacle’ was built by his supporters after he separated from Wesley in 1741.
Tea Building, E1 Tea Building is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Tenter Ground, E1 Tenter Ground is one of the notable streetnames of Spitalfields.
The Arcade, EC2A The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
The Broadgate Tower, EC2A A street within the EC2A postcode
Toynbee Street, E1 Toynbee Street, formerly Shepherd Street, was laid out in 1810-24 and redeveloped in 1927-36 as part of the London County Council’s Holland estate.
Union Place, E1 Union Place was a small alleyway off Quaker Street.
Vandy Street, EC2A Vandy Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Victoria Avenue, E1 This is a street in the EC2M postcode area
Victoria House, EC2A Victoria House is a location in London.
Wheler Street, E1 Wheler Street runs north from Commercial Street.
Whitby Street, E1 Whitby Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitecross Place, EC2M Whitecross Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Whites Row, E1 White’s Row is a narrow thoroughfare running east-west from Commercial Street to Crispin Street.
Widegate Street, E1 Widegate Street is now a short street connecting Middlesex Street and Sandy’s Row.
Wilson Street, EC2A Wilson Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Wilson Street, EC2M Wilson Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Windsor Street, EC2M Windsor Street was formerly a named street of the area.
Worship Mews, EC2A Worship Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Worship Street, EC2A Worship Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.

NEARBY PUBS
Blackwall Tunnel The Old Kings Head is located at 28 Holywell Row, EC2.
Dirty Dick’s Established in 1745 as The Old Jerusalem, the drinking house took the name of Dirty Dick’s in 1814.
Dirty Martini Dirty Martini is a pub near Liverpool Street station.
Horse And Groom The Horse And Groom is on Curtain Road.
Tapster This is a bar in Liverpool Street station.
Ten Bells The Ten Bells has existed in various guises since the middle of the 18th century.
The Primrose The Primrose was a pub on the corner of Norton Folgate and Primrose Street.


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Shoreditch

Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. It is a built-up district located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Charing Cross.

An old form of the name is Soersditch, and the origin is lost, though early tradition connects it with Jane Shore, the mistress of Edward IV.

It was the site of an Augustinian priory in the 12th Century until its dissolution in 1539. In 1576 the first playhouse (theatre) in England was opened, and in 1577 The Curtain theatre was opened in the middle of what is Curtain Road today.

During the 17th Century, wealthy traders and Huguenot silk weavers moved to the area, establishing a textile industry centered to the south around Spitalfields Market. The area declined along with the textile industry and from the end of the 19th Century to the 1960s, Shoreditch was a by-word for crime, prostitution and poverty.

Today Shoreditch is a busy and popular district, noted for its large number of art galleries, bars, restaurants, media businesses and an urban golf club.

Shoreditch High Street station officially opened to the public on 27 April 2010 with services running between Dalston Junction and New Cross or New Cross Gate. The station replaced nearby Shoreditch, which closed on 9 June 2006. The next station to the south is Whitechapel and to the north is Hoxton.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Bank station
Credit: IG/steven.maddison
TUM image id: 1653840363
Licence: CC BY 2.0
St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
TUM image id: 1554045418
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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The Great Synagogue of London (1810)
Credit: Thomas Rowlandson (1756â
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Bevis Marks Synagogue
Credit: John Salmon
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Petticoat Lane in the 1920s
Credit: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress)
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The gravestone of English poet William Blake in Bunhill Fields Burial Ground
Credit: https://careergappers.com/
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Mass grave for plague victims, Holywell Mount (1665) Holywell Mount is the source of the River Walbrook. Today it lies underneath Luke Street in Shoreditch but, then in open land, was used as a plague pit in 1665.
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Established in 1745 as The Old Jerusalem, a drinking house took the name of Dirty Dick’s in 1814 and adopted his story along with it. The original of Dirty Dick was Nathaniel Bentley, a successful merchant with a hardware shop and warehouse in Leadenhall Street in the mid-eighteenth century. After his bride-to-be died on their wedding day - so the legend goes - he never cleaned up again, never washed or changed his clothes. Bentley died in 1809, and the Bishopsgate Distillers appropriated this story of the notorious dirty hardware merchant, adorning their bar with dead cats and cobwebs to perpetuate the legend.
Credit: Spitalfields Life
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Front elevation of St. Botolph’s church
Credit: Superbfc
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Primrose pub on the corner of Norton Folgate/Bishopsgate and Primrose Street (1912) The Primrose, which had existed since at least since 1839, was demolished in 1987
Credit: CA Mathew/Bishopsgate Institute
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Artillery Lane as viewed from Bishopsgate (1912)
Credit: CA Mathew/Bishopsgate Institute
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Optician built into the facade of St Ethelburga’s, Bishopsgate, c.1910
Credit: Bishopsgate Institute
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